1 International Product Compliance and Certifications
2 - USA - Canada - Europe - Other International - CB Scheme Agenda
3 This was the only mark.
4 Now, these are the marks
5 A bit of history.. UL founded in 1894 by William Henry Merrill Merrill was an Electrical Engineer in Boston and sent to investigate the World s Fair Palace of Electricity in Chicago Stayed in Chicago to develop Standards, tests and uncovering hazards 1903 first Standard Tin Clad Fire Doors 1904 first label Fire Extinguisher 1905 established Labeling service and Follow Up Service Inspections
6 ETL Electrical Testing Labs Founded by Thomas Edison in 1896 Now Intertek $2 billion company with a variety of engineering services
7 CSA Canadian Standards Association Canadian Standards Association (CSA), was originally founded in 1919 as the Canadian Engineering Standards Association (CESA). A nationwide approach to certification of electrical products was called for in 1940, CESA assumed the responsibility for testing and certifying electrical products intended for sale and installation in Canada. CESA officially became the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) in In 1946, the CSA Certification Mark was officially registered.
8 MET Laboratories Founded in 1959 by Leonard Frier Was Maryland Electrical Testing Focused on High voltage electrical transmission and distribution systems Among the first in the 1970s for EMI and Telecom to FCC First NRTL
9 NRTLs MET s Leonard Frier instrumental in changing Regulation OSHA used to say all products in the workplace to be UL 1988 regulation changed to state NRTLs
11 NRTLs/OSHA Main page - Marks - Definitions - ument?p_table=standards&p_id=9976
12 UL Listing vs UL Recognized Component Listing End product that stands alone R/C Component that comes with Conditions of Acceptability - Must be enclosed - Electrical Ratings - Etc.
13 UL Listing vs UL Recognized Component (R/C) All my components are UL so I should get UL UL R/C 2 Amp switch in a 5 Amp circuit UL R/C Polymeric enclosure RTI 50 C exposed to 70C, outdoor product with no UV rating, V-0 flame rating in 5VA application UL R/C flame retardant sleeving used for electrical insulation
14 UL Recognized Component (R/C) Y:\Sales\Presentations\Safety for Dummies\C of As.pdf
15 UL Recognized Component (R/C)
16 Standards Council of Canada (SCC) t-process-and-service-certification t-process-and-servicecertification/directory-of-accredited-clients
17 CE has been required for some products since CE for most products is Self Declaration CEN - European Committee for Standardization CENELEC - European Committee for Electro technical Standardization CE used to be EC
18 Countries That Require CE Marking Austria Hungary Poland Belgium Iceland Portugal Bulgaria Ireland Romania Cyprus Italy Slovakia Czech Republic Latvia Slovenia Denmark Liechtenstein Spain Estonia Lithuania Sweden Finland Luxembourg Switzerland France Malta Turkey Germany Netherlands United Kingdom Greece Norway
19 CE is EU Law Requirements called out in Directives Most Common Directives Low Voltage Directive ( VAC, VDC) EMC Directive (Any product that can generate electrical noise) Machinery Directive (Machines with hazardous moving parts) Medical Directive (Medical Devices, some of which require third party certification) Each Directive calls out the particular Standard(s) to be used.
20 The Declaration must be drawn up in the same language as the instructions and must be either typed or handwritten in block capitals. It is recommended the Declaration be provided with the shipping documents for the product(s). Some countries expect to see it with the shipping documents.
21 The Declaration must contain the following: Name and address of the manufacturer or his Authorized Representative established within the Community Description of the product Where appropriate, name and address of the Notified Body and number of the EC type-examination Certificate A reference to the Standard(s) used Identification of the person empowered to sign on behalf of the manufacturer or his Authorized Representative s/rockwellautomation/pdf/certification/ce/pdf/dst C-EN.pdf
22 The Technical File must be held in the European Union for 10 years after the last product is manufactured and contain the following: Overall drawings of the product Fully detailed drawings, accompanied by calculation notes, test results, etc. required for showing compliance to the essential health and safety requirements List of essential requirements of the Directive, and a list of the Standards used Copy of the instruction manual Technical reports and/or Certifications Declaration of Conformity Description of the internal measures in place for maintaining conformity
23 Manufacturer or Authorized Representative is not an option Manufacturer means an EU manufacturer If not an EU manufacturer, an Authorized Representative is required Where formal arrangements have not been made, the importer is held responsible. Case Studies show the importer is bailing the first sign of trouble - leaving your products held in prohibition with no one to represent you. Ignorance of these regulations is not defensible
24 Must be formally appointed Legally responsible throughout Europe In the UK, you must be able to provide the regulator with a complete Technical File within 5 working days. Other countries have various time constraints. Must be able to produce an originally signed Declaration of Conformity An Authorized Representative that has limited technical and legal knowledge of the implications could seriously damage the ability to trade throughout Europe.
25 What s at stake?? If there is a threat of endangerment to the safety of persons, domestic animals, or property from the apparatus with the CE Marking, the Member State shall take all appropriate measures: Withdraw from the market Prohibit placement on the market Restrict placing on the market Inform the European Commission. The Commission then informs every other Member State
26 Enforcement In Germany, 19 of 100 investigated cases received hefty fines for non-compliances. Germany allows authorities to impose fines for infringing on requirements without taking the companies to court. Sweden tests about products of every 200 Declarations to see if they pass. In Wales, a PC Manufacturer was fined over $5, for a noncompliant product assembled from CE Marked components. In Germany, 1500 technical documents are assessed each month. 750 of those are passed on for further investigation.
27 CE Summary Many categories are self-declaration Directives are the law Need to confirm which one(s) apply Directives call out the Standards Need to pick the right ones Declaration of Conformity Technical File
28 Other International Certifications China CCC Brazil INMETRO India - ISI Japan PSE marks
29 Mexico Norma Official Mexicana Russia GOST mark Argentina S Mark Australia RCM and ctick
30 The CB Scheme The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) established a program called the IEC System for Conformity Testing to Standards for Safety of Electrical Equipment (IECEE). Concept - Conduct one set of tests to obtain National Approvals anywhere in the world. It provides a means for the mutual acceptance of test reports among participating members.
31 The CB Scheme The CB Scheme is an international network of product Certification Bodies (CBs) from around the world. NCBs - National Certified bodies (UL, CSA, VDE, TUV, NOM, CCC, etc.) National Approval Agencies cooperating in accepting each others data.
32 The CB Scheme More than 45 certification organizations in countries throughout Europe, North America, Asia, Australia and Africa participate in the Scheme. Strategy - Obtain National Approval & CB Certificate from one NCB. Take the CB Certificate to any other NCB and obtain their National Approval with little or no additional testing.
33 The CB Scheme A manufacturer applies to any of the participating NCBs for a CB Test Certificate. The NCB will perform complete testing and evaluation of the manufacturer's product to determine conformity with appropriate standard accepted in the Scheme. If the product is found to be in compliance with the standard, the NCB will issue a CB Test Report and CB Test Certificate.
34 The CB Scheme The CB Scheme offers manufacturers a simplified and more cost effective means for obtaining multiple national safety certifications for their products. Advantages - TIME & MONEY. What is that saying about 1st to market?
35 John Allen, President Product Safety Consulting, Inc. Phone: , Website: Facebook, Twitter Linkedin and YouTube
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