1 Irish Standard Water quality - Determination of ph (ISO 10523:2008) NSAI 2012 No copying without NSAI permission except as permitted by copyright law.
2 I.S. xxx: Irish Standard national specification based on the consensus of an expert panel and subject to public consultation. S.R. xxx: Standard Recommendation - recommendation based on the consensus of an expert panel and subject to public consultation. SWiFT xxx: A rapidly developed recommendatory document based on the consensus of the participants of an NSAI workshop. EN ISO 10523: February, 2012 This document was published under the authority of the NSAI and comes into effect on: 27 February, Swift Square, Northwood, Santry Dublin 9 T F E W T F W standards.ie Údarás um Chaighdeáin Náisiúnta na héireann
3 EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM EN ISO February 2012 ICS English Version Water quality - Determination of ph (ISO 10523:2008) Qualité de l'eau - Détermination du ph (ISO 10523:2008) Wasserbeschaffenheit - Bestimmung des ph-wertes (ISO 10523:2008) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 January CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom. EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels 2012 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN ISO 10523:2012: E
4 EN ISO 10523:2012 (E) Contents Page Foreword...3 2
5 EN ISO 10523:2012 (E) Foreword The text of ISO 10523:2008 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 147 Water quality of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 10523:2012 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 230 Water analysis the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Endorsement notice The text of ISO 10523:2008 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 10523:2012 without any modification. 3
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7 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO Second edition Water quality Determination of ph Qualité de l'eau Détermination du ph Reference number ISO 10523:2008(E) ISO 2008
8 ISO 10523:2008(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance with Adobe's licensing policy, this file may be printed or viewed but shall not be edited unless the typefaces which are embedded are licensed to and installed on the computer performing the editing. In downloading this file, parties accept therein the responsibility of not infringing Adobe's licensing policy. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Details of the software products used to create this PDF file can be found in the General Info relative to the file; the PDF-creation parameters were optimized for printing. Every care has been taken to ensure that the file is suitable for use by ISO member bodies. In the unlikely event that a problem relating to it is found, please inform the Central Secretariat at the address given below. COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT ISO 2008 All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body in the country of the requester. ISO copyright office Case postale 56 CH-1211 Geneva 20 Tel Fax Web Published in Switzerland ii ISO 2008 All rights reserved
9 ISO 10523:2008(E) Contents Page Foreword... iv Introduction... v 1 Scope Normative references Terms and definitions Principle Interferences Reagents Apparatus Sampling Procedure Preparation Calibration and adjustment of the measuring equipment Measurement of the samples Expression of results Test report... 6 Annex A (informative) ph values of primary standard reference solutions... 7 Annex B (informative) Operative measurements in flow systems... 8 Annex C (informative) Field measurement (on-site measurement) Annex D (informative) Measurements of the ph value in water with low ionic strength Annex E (informative) Performance data Bibliography ISO 2008 All rights reserved iii
10 ISO 10523:2008(E) Foreword ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. ISO was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 147, Water quality, Subcommittee SC 2, Physical, chemical and biochemical methods. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 10523:1994), which has been technically revised. iv ISO 2008 All rights reserved
11 ISO 10523:2008(E) Introduction The measurement of the ph value of water is of great importance for many types of sample. High and low ph values are toxic for aquatic organisms, either directly or indirectly. The ph value is the most useful parameter in assessing the corrosive properties of an aquatic environment. Also, it is important for the effective operation of water treatment processes and their control (e.g. flocculation and chlorine disinfection), control of plumbosolvency of drinking waters and biological treatment of sewage and sewage discharges. The electrometric methods addressed in this International Standard are based on measuring the potential difference of an electrochemical cell where one of the two half-cells is a measuring electrode and the other is a reference electrode. The potential of the measuring electrode is a function of the hydrogen ion activity of the measuring solution (Reference ). In view of its great practical importance, universality and exactitude, only measuring using the ph glass electrode is described in this International Standard. In the reference electrode, electrolytes applied can be in liquid, polymer or gel form. ISO 2008 All rights reserved v
13 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 10523:2008(E) Water quality Determination of ph WARNING Persons using this International Standard should be familiar with normal laboratory practice. This International Standard does not purport to address any safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to ensure compliance with any national regulatory conditions. IMPORTANT It is absolutely essential that tests conducted according to this International Standard be carried out by suitably trained staff. 1 Scope This International Standard specifies a method for determining the ph value in rain, drinking and mineral waters, bathing waters, surface and ground waters, as well as municipal and industrial waste waters, and liquid sludge, within the range ph 2 to ph 12 with an ionic strength below I = 0,3 mol/kg (conductivity: γ 25 C < ms/m) solvent and in the temperature range 0 C to 50 C. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use Specification and test methods ISO , Laboratory glassware Bottles Part 2: Conical neck bottles ISO , Water quality Sampling Part 3: Guidance on the preservation and handling of water samples 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 ph measure of the activity of hydrogen ions in solution NOTE 1 Adapted from ISO . NOTE 2 Whether a reaction is acid or alkaline is determined by the activity of the hydrogen ions present. 3.2 ph value logarithm to the base 10 of the ratio of the molar hydrogen-ion activity (a H ) multiplied by 1 ( γ ) ph = lg a = lg m / m (1) H H H ISO 2008 All rights reserved 1
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