1 Sustainable Strategies for School Development in Urbanizing Areas
2 A1 A2 A Corridor School as a part of a mixed- use development in Arlington VA PRECEDENT ANALYSIS Elementary Schools in different contexts Mixed-Use Schools in urbanizing contexts DESIGN APPROACH Design Issues Elementary School Program ELEMENTARY SCHOOL REQUIREMENTS SITE SELECTION Site Analysis
4 PRECEDENT ANALYSIS
5 PRECEDENT ANALYSIS Average $/ student for projects in T3 and T4 contexts is about $20,000-$30,000 lower than T5 and T6 context Average built area Sq ft / student is more for T5 and T6 projects (by about 20 sq ft) than T3 and T4 projects, Average land area Sq.ft/ child decreases drastically from T4 projects to T5 projects (by about 500 sq.ft). Generally, it reduces from T3 projects to T6 projects. Average number of floors increase from T3 projects to T6 projects (by about 1-2 floors between contexts).
6 Mixed-Use Schools in urbanizing contexts Projects from New York Public- Private partnership Private developer did the shell and in some cases also the core of school building. Tax credits for private developers Capacity ranging from students Schools are 4-5 stories high in story building Retail, open space and office also a part of mixed use along with residential and school.
7 Design Issues- Critical Issues Shared Community Future Expansion and Reuse Efficient Footprint Facility Separation of Grades Efficient Circulation Collaborative Learning
9 Elementary School Program 28 CLASSROOMS The program was developed mostly from Virginia state guidelines Special Ed is from Arlington Public School (APS) guidelines Halls, toilet & HVAC 35% Outdoor play area +paved surface = 8000 sq.ft Playground req. = 120 x 100 (state guidelines)
10 DESIGN APPROACH Issue 1 Daylighting Linear Bay requires large or linear parcels. has very efficient circulation. permits other programs for mixed use on top floors, but may require a different entrance lobby. Integrating functions in a structure adjoining this building will be tricky The programs are separated, few opportunities for a vibrant common space The scheme allows separate access to public areas.
11 DESIGN APPROACH Issue 1 Daylighting Perpendicular Bays can fit on most sites. permits other programs for mixed use on top floors building can be connected from dining facilities and Multi-function space area. allows more mixing of programs the Public area can have same or separate access. the private learning spaces branch off from the public spaces.
12 DESIGN APPROACH Issue 2 Connection to Outdoor Spaces Courtyard more isolated programs but more interaction with outdoor play areas. opportunity to expand programs on terraces classrooms around the court create a unique environment. if the courtyard is covered it can be used in a mixed-use scenario placement of courts results in different building proportion. both courts can have different level and nature of interaction depending on the type of activities around them.
13 DESIGN APPROACH Common Core and Lobby Issue 3 Multi-Level PK- 1 are housed on 2 levels possibility of a central social space. roof (86 x 100 ) can be used for playground stacking of similar programs allows dedicated access Other option with gymnasium on level 5 with residential floors above the school in a mixed-use scenario.
14 SITE SELECTION Arlington County: Regional Setting and Main Features
15 SITE SELECTION Consideration Criteria: Sites proposed for mixed use or housing development in Metro Corridors Sites considered for school development in Public Land for Public Good Study14 Sites considered for affordable housing developments in Public Land for Public Good Study
16 SITE SELECTION A Corridor School: Transit Corridor School- The service area of this school could stretch along one of the metro corridors a corridor school will help serve the increasing population a corridor school can help relieve pressure on existing elementary schools serving these areas. students and their parents could travel by metro rail safe access to metro station also served by Metro and ART buses
17 SITE SELECTION Site Selection Criteria: Proper transit ART or Metro bus and rail services for transportation Located centrally Mixed-use school development. Safe access shared community facilities Proper site proportion Lot size not more than 3 acres Under consideration for future development. A sloping site allowing two levels of egress discharge. Possible Sites: 1. Quincy Park, Ballston (R-B corridor) 2. Virginia Highlands Park, Pentagon City (J-D corridor) 3. Clarendon West, Clarendon (R-B corridor) 4. Mazda Site, Ballston (R-B corridor)
18 SITE SELECTION Possible Sites:
19 SITE SELECTION Possible Sites: Quincy Park Clarendon West Virginia Highland Park Mazda Block
20 SITE SELECTION Possible Sites: Clarendon West Mazda Block
21 SITE SELECTION Possible Sites: Quincy Park Clarendon West Virginia Highland Park Mazda Block
22 Site Analysis Site Proportions: Quincy Park lot 1 Quincy Park lot 2 Clarendon West Virginia Highland Park Mazda Block
23 Site Analysis Zoning and Land Use:
24 Site Analysis Topography:
25 Site Analysis Distance from Metro Station: QUINCY PARK CLARENDON WEST MAZDA BLOCK VIRGINIA HIGHLAND PARK
26 Site Analysis Bus Transit: QUINCY PARK CLARENDON WEST MAZDA BLOCK VIRGINIA HIGHLAND PARK
27 A1 A2 A Corridor School as a part of a mixed- use development in Arlington VA PRECEDENT ANALYSIS Elementary Schools in different contexts Mixed-Use Schools in urbanizing contexts DESIGN APPROACH Design Issues Elementary School Program ELEMENTARY SCHOOL REQUIREMENTS SITE SELECTION Site Analysis