11th Annual Cultural Resource Protection Summit

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1 11th Annual Cultural Resource Protection Summit May 23-24, 2018 Location The House of Awakened Culture Suquamish, WA

2 Welcome to the 2018 Cultural Resource Protection Summit! Living Landscapes, Living Cultures On behalf of our host, The Suquamish Tribe, our Master of Ceremonies, Dennis Lewarch, and the entire thirteen-member Agenda Planning Committee, we would like to welcome you to the 2018 Cultural Resource Protection Summit. This year marks the 11th annual Summit, and we sincerely thank you for participating in this gathering! Since its inception, the primary goal in organizing the annual Summit has been to facilitate amongst all affected parties an open, frank discussion about the intersection between cultural resources and land use. The Summit is designed to promote collaborative cultural resource planning as an effective means of fi nding resolution to issues before they escalate into emotionally-charged, divisive, and expensive stalemates or law suits. This year, the Summit agenda includes an engaging array of cutting-edge topics that will encourage attendees to examine the benefi ts of a landscape approach and how it might inform workable solutions for today s most pressing challenges to effective cultural resource protection. Topics on Day 1 will orient us to a variety of relevant landscapes, including regulatory and environmental, while Day 2 topics will address more advanced Cultural Resource Management (CRM) applications. An opening Keynote address, panel discussions, and a facilitated small-group exercise will highlight useful examples of the link between landscape-based CRM and responsible land use. We will also continue to examine several questions central to our practice: What are cultural resources, what do they tell us about our shared history, and why should people care? Who are our fellow cultural resource advocates, and how do we establish functional, productive relationships with them? Whose responsibility is it to protect cultural resources, and how do we ensure that we all do our part? Over the next two days, we encourage you to refl ect on these issues and how they impact your work. Based on discussions at past Summits and on input from Summit attendees, we continue to make a concerted effort to design sessions that are timely and of interest. In addition to the landscape-themed panel discussions, we are pleased to open the Summit with a timely Keynote about Federal policy and advocacy and to offer two experiential sessions (Language Walk-About and the Small Group Discussion). Ample opportunities for informal interaction include frequent breaks, special catered lunches at the House, and the very popular Welcoming Reception on Day 1 at the nearby Clearwater Casino Resort (don t miss the additional entertainment this year!) Finally, we gratefully acknowledge our generous sponsors a record twenty-seven! for their support of the Summit. We truly appreciate their assistance. Please offer them your thanks as you get to know them this week (look for the maroon sponsor ribbons!) Again, we welcome you and thank you for taking this journey with us. Please let us know if there is anything we can do to make the next two days more enjoyable. ~The Leadership Series Core Planning Committee~ Mary Rossi and Steve Kinley

3 Day 1 Wednesday, May 23, 2018 AGENDA 8:00-8:30 AM Registration / Continental Breakfast / Socialize & Enjoy the Popular Intro Slideshow 8:30-8:45 AM Prayer / Welcome / Facilitated Review of Group Demographics Master of Ceremonies: Dennis Lewarch, Facilitator: Micca Metz, Cardno & Summit Agenda Planning Committee 8:45-9:45 AM Opening Keynote Address Marion Werkheiser, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee founding partner of Cultural Heritage Partners law firm in Washington, DC & Government Relations Strategist for the Coalition for American Heritage and the American Cultural Resources Association (ACRA) The Federal Regulatory and Legislative Landscape We welcome Marion Werkheiser from the other Washington as she shares with us the very latest about the Federal regulatory and legislative landscape. Listen to the news from Capitol Hill and the White House, and learn how actions in Congress and the Administration will impact cultural resource management efforts in our region and across the country. Get informed and get involved! Speaker Introduction: Brian Durkin, Archaeological Law & Policy (ALP) Center Session #1 (10:00-10:45 AM) The Federal Landscape Advancing Tribal Cultural Interests Before the Congress and the Administration: Building a Bi-Partisan Coalition in Support of Tribal Values This session will explore various initiatives undertaken over the last few years to advance Tribal cultural protections in the Congress and before the Federal Government. We will discuss lessons learned and legal, lobbying, public relations and other strategies for developing bi-partisan support for advancing Tribal positions. The session will include discussions about the implementation of current law (e.g. the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act), as well as the status of current legislation (e.g. the Safeguard Tribal Objects of Patrimony Act, S and H.R. 3211) and the possibility of additional legislation in the future. Presenter: Gregory A. Smith, Hobbs Strauss Dean & Walker law firm (Washington, DC) Speaker Introduction: Brian Durkin, Archaeological Law & Policy (ALP) Center Session #2 (11:00-11:45 AM) The State Landscape Updates from the Washington State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (DAHP) Selected staff members from DAHP will be on hand during this hour to provide updates and briefings on activities and initiatives underway at the State Historic Preservation Office. Lance Wollwage will talk about his work administering DAHP s Archaeological Site Permitting process and the Department s work to draft and adopt new rules to that would create an archaeological site monitoring permit. Gretchen Kaehler will provide tips and comments about working with the SHPO on projects being reviewed under State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) regulations and guidelines. Of interest will be Kim Gant s discussion about DAHP s WISAARD with

4 updates on current status of the online system, plus looking ahead to what is on the horizon for changes and updates. Greg Griffith will round out the panel with a briefing on DAHP s work to draft and adopt a new state historic preservation plan. The plan serves the state s historic preservation community, stakeholders, and the public with a roadmap for how we work together to protect cultural and historic resources in the next 5 years. Greg will also be on hand in the afternoon to receive your feedback about the plan. Session Organizer/Panelist: Greg Griffith, Deputy State Historic Preservation Officer Panelists: Kim Gant, Certified Local Government (CLG) Coordinator & Survey/Inventory Program Manager Gretchen Kaehler, Assistant State Archaeologist for Local Governments Lance Wollwage, Assistant State Archaeologist 11:45 AM - 12:00 PM Open Q&A Have a burning question that you haven t had an opportunity to ask yet? Now s your chance! Speakers from the morning sessions will be available to answer more questions, as will the entire room of experienced Summit attendees. Let s all help each other find the answers we are seeking. Moderator: Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee 12:00-1:00 PM Lunch at the House (lunch provided) Back by popular demand, join us for the delicious Summit Fiesta catered by Puerto Vallarta Restaurant located in nearby Kingston. Do you remember how many tacos it takes to make a Fiesta? Let s find out again! Pass the salsa!! Session #3 (1:00-1:45 PM) The Educational Landscape Cultural Resources Trainings: Audience, Effectiveness, Pitfalls Cultural resources trainings are being offered almost monthly to both cultural resource professionals and non-professionals. Trainings can be a great way to add education and outreach to CRM, both updating skills for professionals and offering others insight into our vocation. Trainings are becoming more commonly used as mitigation measures and in cultural resource management plans. However, one size does not fit all. This panel will discuss programs that have been developed for a State agency, a County, and a City; how they vary by audience; the types of projects they spring from and the sensitivity of the area; and what approaches could make them more effective. Session Organizer/Panelist: Lucy Flynn O Quinn, DOWL Panelists: Tom Minichillo, King County Road Services Division Heather Walker, Washington State Dept. of Health-Office of Drinking Water Scott Williams, Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) Session #4 (2:00-2:45 PM) The Environmental Landscape Weathering Change: Learning from the 2017 Heritage Preservation and Climate Change Survey and Sharing Local Experiences In response to growing concerns about how climate change impacts may threaten cultural resources, the National Trust for Historic Preservation and ICF collaborated to develop and conduct the 2017 Heritage Preservation and Climate Change Survey as research to inform greater understanding of awareness, current activities, perceived needs, and priorities among preservation and cultural resources stakeholders most likely to encounter climate change impacts on historic and culturally significant places. This session presents findings from that nationwide research, discusses implications relevant to Washington, and offers an opportunity to engage in a dialogue about next steps. This conversation will include a moderated panel

5 discussion that explores efforts being undertaken by agencies, tribes, and cultural resource management professionals as they develop creative response strategies. Session Organizer/Panelist: January Tavel, ICF Panelists: Greg Griffith, WA State Dept. of Archaeology & Historic Preservation (DAHP) Katherine Kelly, Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife (DFW) Maurice Major, Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) 3:00-3:15 PM The Regulating Game (The Summit Players Return for More CRM in the Round! Don t Miss the World-Premiere of Their Latest Regulatory Play ) Our favorite Off-Off-Broadway Players are back by popular demand! Watch as they grapple with a whole new dramatic interpretation of a cultural resource scenario. Tune in to the fun and games as a hopeful project tries to make a match among three eligible regulations. Playwright/Player: Chris Lockwood, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) The Players: Jason Cooper, Washington State Dept. of Transportation (WSDOT) Jenny Dellert, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) Paula Johnson, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) Micca Metz, Cardno 3:15-3:30 PM Come Together Over Olcott: An Update on Recent Collaborative Work at a Local Olcott Site The Olcott Site, 45SN14, was first recorded nearly 60 years ago by Butler. This site was fundamental in defining a post-clovis time period, similar materials having been found throughout western Washington, specifically along the South Fork Stillaguamish and Lake Sammamish. Situated upstream from two named Stillaguamish villages, the Olcott site was a heavily utilized hunting area for many thousands of years. The site has been disturbed through the years from farming and domestic use of the land, yet it remains remarkably intact. Due to recent disturbance, the Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians collaborated with DAHP, the landowner, and Cardno to examine the site more closely. Working together with the landowners, tribal and canoe family members, agencies, college professors, and consultants, a portion of the site was excavated to characterize the site profile, and approximately 13 cubic meters of back-dirt were screened to recover cultural materials. Such support exemplifies our close-knit community and our willingness to come together. Presenters: Kerry Lyste, Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians Jennifer Ferris, Cardno 3:30-3:45 PM Open Q&A Have a(nother) burning question that you haven t had an opportunity to ask yet? Here s a second chance! Speakers from the afternoon sessions will be available to answer more questions, as will the entire room of experienced Summit attendees (minus those who snuck out early). Let s all continue to help each other find those elusive answers! Moderator: Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

6 ACTIVE AFTERNOON 3:45-4:45 PM Language on the Landscape Language Walk-About Get your walking shoes on! It s time to explore the important places and place-names around Suquamish. Join a Suquamish guide for a stroll through the landscape and an accompanying Lushootseed language lesson. Anticipated stops include Old Man House, Chief Seattle s grave, and the Suquamish Museum. Session Organizer/Guide: Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe Other Suquamish Guides TBA 5:30-7:00 PM Welcoming Reception at Suquamish Clearwater Casino Resort Location: Resort Lobby Bar (enter at the Welcome Figures) After a day of listening and learning about landscapes, it s time to relax and enjoy your free drink ticket, delicious appetizers, and one of the loveliest views on the Salish Sea (seascape?). Enjoy an opportunity to visit with friends, old and new, and talk about cultural resources (or how nice it is to see each other outside the office landscape!) We will also have the opportunity to enjoy two very special additions to the Reception: Suquamish Song & Dance Group Back by overwhelming demand, please join the Suquamish Song & Dance Group for a very special opportunity to learn more about the Suquamish landscape, past and present, and to reflect on why we strive to protect cultural resources in the first place. Bring an open mind and heart (and don t be afraid to participate if invited!) Book Signing You are also invited to stop by the Kitsap Hall (just down the hall from the Reception area) and visit with Dale Croes, Pacific Northwest Archaeological Society and Services. Dale and Ed Carriere, Suquamish Elder and Master Basketmaker, have published a brand new book highlighting Ed s unique basketry. Drop by to admire a display of their beautiful basketry; signed copies of their book will be available for purchase. Day 2 Thursday, May 24, :00-8:30 AM Registration / Continental Breakfast / Socialize & Enjoy the Popular Intro Slideshow 8:30-8:45 AM Prayer / Welcome / Facilitated Review of Group Demographics / Recap of Day #1 Master of Ceremonies: Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Facilitator: Laura Murphy, Muckleshoot Indian Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Session #5 (8:45-9:45 AM) Landscape Basics Reading the Land: Benefits and Applications of Cultural Landscape Studies to Document Traditional Cultural Knowledge Many historic sites have rich cultural traditions that are closely linked to the significant character of the place. Standard cultural resource practices often focus on dominant physical and man-made features and fail to recognize the cultural significance of landscapes and the role of traditional knowledge in conveying the meaning of place. Combining aspects of archeology, natural resource management, cultural history, oral history, plant identification, biology, ethnography, and related disciplines the cultural landscape approach offers a means to document historic places and their value to local communities, including significant cultural associations, traditions, and sacred qualities embodied in the land. This session will provide an overview of

7 the cultural landscape approach to documenting historic landscapes, highlight examples of culturally significant places associated with the Spokane Tribe of Indians, examine the ways that tribal traditional knowledge can inform these studies, and explore opportunities this approach offers for protecting traditional cultural places. Presenters: Margo Hill, Eastern Washington University (EWU) Tribal Planning Program Gretchen Hilyard, ICF Session #6 (10:00-10:45 AM) Traditional Cultural Landscapes Approaching Traditional Cultural Landscapes as Interrelated Dimensions and Intensive Zones of Historical and Cultural Significance Among agencies tasked with historic preservation and management, much confusion continues to exist about when, how, and why to consider properly in good faith and in consultation with Native American Tribes Traditional Cultural Landscapes, or TCLs. Under regulations such as the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), TCLs are considered a type of significance, much like a Traditional Cultural Property (TCP), rather than a property type eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). This fact should not deter TCL consideration in compliance processes. On the contrary, identifying and outlining eligibility requires good faith attentive and creative engagement with criteria, terms, and procedures of the sequential steps of the NHPA, as well as other regulations, such as the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). This session brings together different Tribal, agency, and cultural resources consultant experiences with and perspectives on the vital importance and bureaucratic and conceptual challenges of TCLs. Within the context of the Pacific Northwest, these challenges become more complex as they may intersect, fall within, or completely envelope treaty lands and usual and accustomed use areas (U&As). NHPA and NEPA hold different requirements, implications, and standards of inclusion than treaty and U&A rights and consultation. A recent study of a multi-affiliated Native American TCP on the Seattle waterfront will serve as a concrete example and entrance point to discuss openly the promises and challenges of TCLs and when, how and, perhaps most importantly, why they must be approached as interrelated dimensions and intensive zones of historical and cultural significance to achieve good faith efforts and adequate consideration in any identification, documentation, evaluation, and/or assessment of Native American historic properties and cultural resources. Session Organizer/Panelist: Giorgio Curti, Cultural Geographics Panelists: Kendall Campbell, US Navy (NAVFAC NW) Warren King George, Muckleshoot Indian Tribe Cassandra Manetas, WA State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) Session #7 (11:00-11:45 AM) Mitigation on the Landscape Balancing Archaeological Site Loss With Environmental Restoration The Navy encountered an intact shell midden while replacing an earthen causeway with a bridge across the mouth of Cattail Creek on Naval Base Kitsap Bangor. The purpose of the project was environmental restoration returning tidal regimes to the creek and encouraging a more natural stream environment. To complete the restoration work, part of the site would have to be destroyed. To mitigate this destruction, the Navy retained Historical Research Associates and their subconsultant SWCA to perform data recovery. This session provides an example of a mitigation project that required site destruction for compensatory environmental restoration. The session consists of three parts: 1) a brief overview of the Cattail mitigation project and discovery of the shell midden, 2) an overview of the excavations, geomorphology, and information gained from site mitigation, and 3) a panel discussion on balancing site destruction with environmental restoration at the site and landscape level; preferred types of mitigation; and if/how Natural Resources play into mitigation considerations.

8 Session Organizer: Susan Hughes, US Navy (NAVFAC NW) Speaker/Facilitator: David Grant, US Navy (NAVFAC NW) Speakers: Brandy Rinck, King County Parks and Recreation Alexander Stevenson, Historical Research Associates (HRA) Discussants: Dave Conca, National Park Service Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe Kris Miller, Skokomish Indian Tribe Stormy Purser, Port Gamble S Klallam Tribe William S. White, Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe 11:45 AM - 12:00 PM Open Q&A Have a burning question that you haven t had an opportunity to ask yet? Now s your chance! Speakers from the morning sessions will be available to answer more questions, as will the entire room of experienced Summit attendees. Let s all help each other find the answers we are seeking. Moderator: Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee 12:00-1:00 PM Lunch at the House (lunch provided) Join us for the very popular not to mention delicious!! Summit Pizza Party catered by Scratch Kitchen, now located in Port Gamble. Friends with dietary restrictions rejoice, as there will be plenty of options for you, too! *Note: Please be patient during lunch service, as your friendly Summit staff will be conducting two pizza runs to Port Gamble. We anticipate the first round will be served at Noon, and the second round will follow at approximately 12:20pm. Thank you for your understanding! This is the price we pay for pies now. Session #8 (1:00-1:45 PM) Life on the Landscape Landscapes, Culture, and the Japanese Diaspora in the Puget Sound and South Salish Sea Region The Japanese presence in the Puget Sound and Salish Sea region has played an important role in the formation of local culture, economy, and history. As some of the first non-native and non-anglo immigrants to the region who were able to establish and build a multi-generational presence in the Pacific Northwest, the Japanese-American Issei and Nisei ( first and second generation populations) influenced the development of the culture of the Pacific Northwest. In this session, David Carlson will discuss the interface between labor and landscape at Barnestown, WA, noting that the intersections of race and economic class (among other variables) help to explain landscape use at the site. Emily Scott will address issues of landscape use and modification at the site of Japanese Gulch in Mukilteo, WA, a site associated with the Mukilteo Lumber Company (later, the Crown Lumber Company). Floyd Aranyosi will discuss the evolution of the landscape at Yama Village, located in Port Blakely Harbor on Bainbridge Island, with an emphasis on the ways that landscape influenced the formative years of Japanese-American culture and the ways in which Japanese and Japanese-American culture influenced the evolution of the landscape at the site, as well as the ways in which depositional, post-depositional, and recovery processes influence our understanding of the site. Presenters: Floyd Aranyosi, Olympic College David Carlson, University of Washington Emily Scott, Cardno

9 Session #9 (2:00-2:45 PM) (Plant) Life on the Landscape Return of the Waptu Waptu (Sagitaria latifolia), once prevalent in the lower Yakima Valley on the Yakama Indian Reservation, was nearing extirpation until the early 2000s when the Yakama Wetlands and Riparian Restoration Project helped restore lands back to historic hydraulic conditions. A very important cultural food plant, waptu or Wapato potato, is but one success story of the Yakama Nation Wildlife Project. It is a simple story of how water, people, animals, and plant resources evolve together through time. Presenter: Jon Shellenberger, Yakama Nation ACTIVE AFTERNOON 3:00-4:00 PM Facilitated Small-Group Discussions - Landscapes Through the Looking Glass Join a small group of fellow attendees for a facilitated discussion about how we might leverage a landscape approach to enhance our problem-solving toolkits. Each small group will be asked to tackle the same highlevel question: How could you use a landscape approach to address some of the greatest current challenges to effective cultural resource protection? In order to do so, the same fictional scenario will be provided to all the small groups; then, each group will tackle a unique question specific to the scenario. Groups are encouraged to apply the landscape lessons learned over the last two days during their discussion. After your small group discussion, reconvene with the group as a whole to share the main points of your discussion and solicit insights and input from all the participants. Learn about and from one another so that we can all move towards more effective cultural resource protection. Moderator: Micca Metz, Cardno & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Stenographer: Laura Murphy, Muckleshoot Indian Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Small-Group Facilitators: Don Amor, Puget Sound Energy (PSE) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Ayla Aymond, Historical Research Associates (HRA) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Jason Cooper, Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) Jenny Dellert, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Amber Earley, Perteet & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Jennifer Ferris, Cardno & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Paula Johnson, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) Katherine Kelly, WA State Department of Fish & Wildlife (DFW) Chris Lockwood, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) Jordan Pickrell, Historical Research Associates (HRA) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Sarah Steinkraus, Tierra Right of Way Services & Summit Agenda Planning Committee Sarah Thirtyacre, WA State Recreation & Conservation Office (RCO) 4:00-4:30 PM Open Q&A and Closing What d We Learn? What s Next? When s the Ferry? In celebration of an 11th Annual Summit well attended, join in a final moderated discussion to review what we ve learned from one another (landscapes!) and look towards a more productive future. Thank your hosts and sponsors, drop off your evaluation form at registration (and your lanyard, if you wish), and bid farewell to one another until next year. Thank you, again, for coming and for contributing! Safe travels and see you in 2019!! Moderator: Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

10 2018 Host Sponsor THANK YOU! Gold Sponsor Gold Sponsor Gold Sponsor Gold Sponsor SPONSORS!

11 Association for Washington Archaeology Thank You Silver Sponsors!

12 Thank You Bronze Sponsors! Thank You General Sponsors! Thank You In-Kind Sponsors! Event Producer Event Support APT - Applied Preservation Technologies Jones N Jones - Family Crew