Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies Vol. 2, No.5, Jan./ Mar 2017 eissn:

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1 AjBeS Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies Vol. 2, No.5, Jan./ Mar 2017 eissn: Challenges Faced by MSICs Operators Mariam Jamaludin, Zeenat Begam Yusof Discovering the Values of the Islamic Garden Haza Hanurhaza Md Jani, Nor Zalina Harun, Mazlina Mansor, Ismawi Zen Human Behaviour and Resilience Hospital Nor Malyana Samsuddin, Roshana Takim, Abdul Hadi Nawawi Promoting the Residents Sense of Belonging in Housing Design Zohreh Yousefi, Seyed-Bagher Hosseini, Seyed-Abbas Yazdanfar, Saeid Norouzian-Maleki Public Open Spaces in North Sumatra Province Achmad Delianur Nuastion, Wahyuni Zahra A quarterly international publication by e-iph, Ltd., UK, for the Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers (AMER); Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians (ABRA); Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies (ce-bs), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

2 Published by: International Publishing House (e-iph), Limited (Registration No: , for England & Wales) 18 Westpoint 58 West Street Sheffield S1 4EZ United Kingdom

3 AjBeS Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies Vol.2, No. 5, Jan / Mar 2017 eissn Foreword Editorial Team Members iii v Challenges Faced by MSICs Operators Mariam Jamaludin, Zeenat Begam Yusof 1 Discovering the Values of the Islamic Garden 11 Haza Hanurhaza Md Jani, Nor Zalina Harun, Mazlina Mansor, Ismawi Zen Human Behaviour and Resilience Hospital Nor Malyana Samsuddin, Roshana Takim, Abdul Hadi Nawaw 21 Promoting the Residents Sense of Belonging in Housing Design Zohreh Yousefi, Seyed-Bagher Hosseini, Seyed-Abbas Yazdanfar, Saeid Norouzian-Malek 33 Public Open Spaces in North Sumatra Province Achmad Delianur Nuastion, Wahyuni Zahra 45

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5 Foreword The Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies (AjBeS), is an international and interdisciplinary Open Access Journal. It publicises online both conceptual and empirical research findings pertaining to human behaviour issues affecting Asian communities living in Asia and non-asian countries. Related studies that involve other communities shall also be considered for publications. Articles published are sourced from condensed and retitled, among the best full papers, internationally double-blind, peer-reviewed presented at serial international conferences held worldwide since 2010, namely, the AcE-Bs (Asian Conference on Environment- Behaviour Studies), held in Asian countries, and AicE-Bs (Asia Pacific International Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies), held in non-asian countries. There are no processing and publication fees for those successful articles to be published. Those conferences are jointly organised by AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers); ABRA (Assocation of Behavioural Researchers on Asians); and the ce-bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. International institutions co-hosted the conferences. Currently, the Editorial Board (Advisory/Reviewer) Members comprises of 69 academicians represented from 17 countries worldwide, namely, Australia, Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Malaysia, Nigeria, North Cyprus, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, U.K, and U.S.A. Commencing 2017, the AjBeS which had been published online bimonthly, shall be published quarterly, and freely accessible at the web link below. All articles published are with the Doi and Crossmark Reference. There are no processing and publication fees for those successful articles to be published. Editor-in-Chief Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies, AjBeS, EISSN Jan 2017 iii

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7 Editorial Team Members Editor-in-Chief Mohamed Yusoff Abbas, Prof., Dr. Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, Malaysia Associate Editors Egypt Rasha Mahmoud Ali El-Zeiny, Assoc Prof.Dr. India Smita Khan, Assoc. Prof., Dr., Ar. Indonesia Juneman Abraham Iran Mona Bisadi, Dr. Taiwan Shenglin Elijah Chang, Prof., Dr. Turkey Ebru Cubukcu, Prof., Dr. Menia University, Menia, Egypt Visvesvaraya National Inst of Technology, India Bina Nusantara University, Jakarta, Indonesia Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran National Taiwan University, Taiwan Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey Editorial Board (Advisory/Reviewer) Members Abdul Hadi Nawawi, Prof., Dr Aldrin Abdullah, Prof., Dr. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia v

8 Aleya Abdel Hadi, Emiretus Prof., Dr. Anuar Talib, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Ashraf M. Salama, Prof. Dr. Babatunde Emmanuel Jaiyeoba, Dr. Christopher Peter Spencer, Emer. Prof., Dr. Cigdem Canbay Turkyilmaz, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Darussalam Abu Bakar, Prof., Dr. Dasimah Omar, Prof., Dr. David Dernie, Prof., Dr. David Robert Osborne, Dr. Edward Andrew Edgerton, Dr. Elizabeth Grant, Dr. Emrah Turkyilmaz, Dr. Faridah Ismail, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Filiz Çelik, Asst. Prof., Dr. FAD, Modern Sciences & Arts University, Egypt University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK ObafemiAwolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria The University of Sheffield, UK Yildiz Technical University, Turkey FKOM, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia University of Westminster, UK Graphia International Limited, Hong Kong West of Scotland University, UK The University of Adelaide, Australia Istanbul Kultur University, Turkey Selcuk University, Konya-Turkey vi

9 Hazlina Hamdan, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Hazreena Hussein, Dr. Himasari Hanan, Dr., Ir. Heng Zhang, Prof., Dr., Ing. Ismail Said, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Ismail Samsuddin, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Iwan Sudradjat, Prof., Dr. Jamalunlaili Abdullah, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Jin-Yung Wu, Asst. Prof., Dr., Ar. Lobna Abdel Aziz Ahmed, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Mariam Jamaluddin, Assoc. Prof., Dr., Ar. Masahiro Shirotsuki, Dr. Masran Saruwono, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Mazlina Mansor, Asst. Prof., Dr. Mei Lim, Dr. FBE, University Malaya, Malaysia Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan FBE, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia FAPS, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak, Malaysia Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia DAS, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan Arch. Dept., Menia University, Menia, Egypt SCIS, Nagoya University, Japan KAED, International Islamic University Malaysia University of South Australia, Australia vii

10 Mert Cubukcu, Prof., Dr. Mohammad Arif Kamal, Assoc. Prof, Dr. Mohd Sabrizaa Abd Rashid, Assoc. Prof., Dr Nicholas Kathijotes, Prof., Dr. Nisha Fernando, Prof., Dr., Ar. Nor Haslina Jaafar, Dr. Nor Zalina Harun, Dr. Noor Hanita Abdul Majid, Asst. Prof., Dr. Norhati Ibrahim, Assoc. Prof., Dr., Ar. Noriah Othman, Dr. Norsidah Ujang, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Nurlisa Ginting, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Osman Mohd Tahir, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Paramita Atmodiwirjo, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Prabu Wardono, Dr. Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey Arch. Sec., Aligarh Muslim University, India FAPS, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perak, Malaysia Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus University of Wisconsin, USA Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia KAED, International Islamic University Malaysia KAED, International Islamic University Malaysia Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia Universiti Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia viii

11 Ranjith Dayaratne, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Robert W. Marans, Emer. Prof., Dr. Rugayah Gy Hashim, Assoc. Prof., Dr. Sabarinah Sh. Ahmad, Prof., Dr. Saripah Abdul Latif Sertaç Gungor, Asst. Prof., Dr. Shahab Kariminia, Asst. Prof., Dr. Siriwan Silapacharanan, Prof., Dr. Sitthiporn Piromruen, Assoc. Prof. Siti Rukayah, Dr., Ir. Supagtra Suthasupa, Asst. Prof., Dr. Uday Jain, Prof., Dr. Wan Hashimah Wan Ismail, Dr. Wannasilpa Peerapun, Prof., Dr. Zehra Öngül, Asst. Prof. University of Bahrain, Bahrain University of Michigan, Michigan, USA FSPPP, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kelantan, Malaysia Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran Chulalongkorn University, Thailand Silpakorn University, Thailand Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia Silpakorn University, Thailand Mahila Chetna Manch, Shivaji Nagar, India FBE, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus ix

12 Assistant Editor-In-Chief Sharifah Khalizah Syed Othman Thani Editorial Assistants Diyanah Inani Azmi Maimunah Ramlee Mohd Fauzee Musa Mohd Riduan Ngesan Sabrina Idilfitri Siti Nur Afiqah Mohamed Musthafa Suhaini Mohamed Yusoff Syazwani Abdul Kadir x