LiteEarth Advanced Synthetic Grass Geomembrane Liner INDEPENDENT THIRD PARTY PERFORMANCE TESTING REPORT. U.S. Patent No.

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "LiteEarth Advanced Synthetic Grass Geomembrane Liner INDEPENDENT THIRD PARTY PERFORMANCE TESTING REPORT. U.S. Patent No."

Transcription

1 LiteEarth Advanced Synthetic Grass Geomembrane Liner INDEPENDENT THIRD PARTY PERFORMANCE TESTING REPORT U.S. Patent No B2

2

3 Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION INDEX AND QUALITY CONTROL TESTS 2.1 Physical Properties Mechanical Porperties PERFORMANCE AND DESIGN TESTS 3.1 Mechanical Porperties Hydraulic Porperties Flume Testing DURABILITY SEAM STRENGTH ANCHOR PULLOUT AND WIND UPLIFT... 12

4 1.0 INTRODUCTION LiteEarth U.S. Patent No B2 is an advanced synthetic grass and EPDM geomembrane liner designed to be used as an alternative to conventional landfill closure caps. Since no soil cover is needed with LiteEarth, it falls within the category of exposed geomembrane covers. However, an important difference between exposed geomembrane and LiteEarth is that the latter is not completely exposed in the sense that a geomembrane is but is covered with a synthetic grass. As such, the average lifespan of LiteEarth is much longer than geomembrane-only exposed covers, in which the geomembrane is not protected from the elements of nature. EPDM Long-Term Performance Predicted Geomembrane lifetimes based on 50% reduction of strength and/or elongation. Note: Tested as an Exposed Geomembrane Type Specification 1 Strength Ret. (%) & Exposure (lt. hrs.) Elongation Ret (%) & Exposure (lt. hrs.) Comment Half Life 2 HDPE mm (0.060 ) GRI-GM13 51,000 51,000 ongoing 42+years LLDPE mm (0.040 ) GRI-GM17 48,000 43,500 half-life reached 36 years fpp mm (0.045 ) GRI-GM18 40,300 40,300 ongoing 33+ years EPDM mm (0.040 ) GRI-GM21 43,200 43,200 ongoing 36+ years* NOTES: (1) See the GSI Website at for the most recent version. (2) Based on the correlation factor of 1200 lt. hrs.=1.0 years in a hot climate such as West Texas and Southern California Source: * LiteEarth s 45 mil EPDM is covered by compound adhesive, a UV stabilized primary and high-grade monofilament turf that reduces the amount of UV exposure to EPDM. Being a single product, monolithic material, LiteEarth offers several advantages over multi-layered synthetic turf systems that use sand as ballast. These include faster installation, lower cost, better quality of grass and no erosion concerns. LiteEarth composite consists of the following three components: 1) Synthetic Grass with UV stabilized woven geotextile 2) EPDM Geomembrane Liner 3) Advanced Composite Adhesive Figure 1: LiteEarth components GSEworld.com Performance Testing Report 4

5 The synthetic grass is both an aesthetic and functional component of the product and is visible when viewing an installation of LiteEarth. The woven geotextile is a highly UV stabilized product that acts as a carrier or backing for the grass. The synthetic grass is manufactured in an ISO 9001 quality control facility to ensure compliance with both project specifications and environmental standards. The grass is mechanically attached to the geotextile through a tufting process. Figure 2: Tufting Process The carrier geotextile with tufted grass is then laminated to the geomembrane using an industrial adhesive. The finished product is available in roll sizes 15 feet wide (14 feet of turf with 1 feet of blank) by up to 200 feet long. EPDM Compression Rollers Inspection QC Composite Adhesive Heated Roller Figure 3: Advanced Synthetic Elastomer Bonding Technology Advanced Synthetic Grass Geomembrane Liner 5

6 2.0 INDEX AND QUALITY CONTROL TESTS 2.1 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES The physical properties are the most basic of the material properties and are used for quality control, quality assurance and material conformance evaluation purposes. Since the measurement methods and equipment are simple, these tests generally have a higher precision and lower bias than more complex tests within mechanical and hydraulic categories. Physical tests on geosynthetics generally include thickness, mass, density and dimensions. Table 1 presents these property values for the LiteEarth composite product, i.e., the finished material as shipped to job sites. Figure 4: Physical Evaluation Process Table 1 Physical Properties of LiteEarth Property Test Method Units Average Value Thickness ASTM D 5199 mil (mm) 422 (10.7) Mass per Unit Area ASTM D 751 oz/yd2 (g/m2) 80 (2,747) Density ASTM D 792 g/cc to 1.1 Linear Dimensional Change (max)* ASTM D 1204 % ±1 Roll Width ft (m) 14 (4.2672) turf with 1 (.3048) blank Roll Length ft (m) Up to 200 (60.96) NOTES: * Tested on EPDM Geomembrane A review of Table 1 shows that LiteEarth is a robust material with a much greater thickness and mass than geomembranes and even drainage geocomposites alone. An advantage of this robustness is an intrinsic resistance of the material to damage, waves and wind uplift. The high mass of the material, when combined with synthetic grass and a low coefficient of thermal expansion, makes it possible to install LiteEarth in a wrinkle-free state. As a thermoset material, the properties of LiteEarth listed in Table 1 make it a distinctly superior material compared to certain polyethylene geomembranes that are difficult to install and seam due to large waves and wrinkles resulting from their higher coefficient of thermal expansion. 2.2 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES While the physical properties in the previous section measure such characteristics as density and dimensions, the mechanical properties are employed to evaluate the resistance of the product to stress. Since the values depend on the shape of the test specimens as well as the rate of loading, there are several types of test methods. Geomembranes made from different polymers are GSEworld.com Performance Testing Report 6

7 generally tested using different test methods. Moreover, it is often necessary to evaluate mechanical properties for different loading scenarios such as planar load, point stress and multi-axial deformation. Due to the test methods being different and of an index nature, it is not possible to compare different products with these methods or use these methods for the purpose of design. The mechanical properties in Table 2 should be used only for quality control and conformance testing purpose. Table 2 Index Mechanical Properties Property Test Method Units Average Value Tensile Strength (peak) Tensile Strength (peak) Tensile Strength (peak) Tensile Strength (peak) Tensile Strength (peak) ASTM D 412, Die C psi (MPa) 2,424 (16.7) 1,498 (10.3) ASTM D 412, Die C psi (MPa) 1,123 (7.7) 908 (6.3) ASTM D 412, Die C % ASTM D 412, Die C % ASTM D 624, Die C lb/in (g/cm) 194 (34,600) 159 (28,300) Puncture Strength ASTM D 4833 lb (N) 130 (578) Ply Adhesion (GM-GT) Peel Strength ASTM D 7005 lb/in (g/cm) 5.5 (980) The peak values for the strength and strain in the table represent the stress point at which the woven geotextile breaks. The ultimate values represent the breakage of the geomembrane which occurs at a much higher strain than the peak value. As a result of the composite action, tear and puncture values for LiteEarth are much higher than those for the geomembrane and the geotextile alone. Therefore, the primary backing not only supports the grass but also significantly improves the mechanical properties of the product. Since the finished product consists of a woven geotextile backing and an EPDM geomembrane bonded together with a high performance adhesive, lamination strength is given as well. The comparison of LiteEarth to polyethylene geomembranes based on mechanical properties is covered in the next section. 3.0 PERFORMANCE AND DESIGN TESTS 3.1 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Mechanical design properties are used for various calculations such as wind uplift, differential settlement, protection from puncture, and connection to rigid structures. As such, mechanical performance tests involve a much larger size test specimen as compared to index tests and mimic the field conditions as much as possible. For geomembranes and related materials, there are three types of mechanical performance tests: wide width, multi-axial and puncture. A wide width test models field conditions where a material is loaded in its plane as it may occur, for example, during unwinding a roll or as a result of movement of different materials at their interfaces in a shear mode. A multi-axial test simulates the out-of-plane deformation that may occur due to the equipment loading from the top or subsidence at the bottom or wind uplift. A puncture test represents a relatively small size object, such as a stone or stick piercing through the material. The performance mechanical properties of LiteEarth in Table 3 again indicate the composite nature of the material characterized by a peak, where the geotextile breaks, followed by the final or ultimate value representing the geomembrane properties. For the wide width test, the geomembrane rupture does not occur to the limit of the equipment, therefore, no ultimate properties are reported in Table 3. Advanced Synthetic Grass Geomembrane Liner 7

8 Figure 5: Mechanical Evaluation Process Table 3 Performance Mechanical Properties of LiteEarth Property Test Method Units Average Value Wide Width Tensile Strength (peak) Wide Width Tensile Strain (peak) ASTM D 4595 lbs/ft (kn/m 1,300 (19) 1,632 (24) ASTM D 4595 % Multi-Axial Tensile Properties (peak) Strength Strain ASTM D 5617 psi (kpa) % 1,092 (7,529) 19 Multi-Axial Tensile Properties (ultimate) Strength Strain ASTM D 5617 psi (kpa) % 23.5 (162) 119 CBR Puncture Strength ASTM D 6241 lb (kn) 842 (3.7) Table 3 shows that the flexibility of the geomembrane is not compromised by bonding it to the synthetic turf. For landfill covers which may go through a significant amount of differential and total settlement, it is the flexibility of the geomembrane, characterized by strain or elongation, that is the most important property. The peak wide width and multi-axial strain values in the table show a behavior typical of a woven geotextile. The break strain of EPDM from wide width (not reported in the table) and multi-axial tests are similar to or superior to the published results for linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) geomembranes. Test Performance Comparison Physical Characteristic Standard Units LiteEarth 1 EPDM 2 HDPE 3 LLDPE 4 Thickness (min. ave./ lowest indiv.) ASTM D 5119 mil 422 / / / / 45 Puncture Resistance ASTM D 4833 lbs Linear Dimensional Change (max) ASTM D 1204 % < +/-1.0 < +/-1.0 +/-2.0 +/-2.0 Multi-Axial Elongation (min) ASTM D 5617 % 19/ NOTES: (1) LiteEarth consists of a 45 mil non-reinforced EPDM liner factory bonded to a 4.4 oz/sy, 1/2 tufting gauge single layer 18 pic woven polypropylene primary (2) 45 mil, non-reinforced EPDM per GRI Test Method GM21 (3) 50 mil textured HDPE, per GRI Test Method GM13 (4) 50 mil textured LLDPE, per GRI Test Method GM17 (5) Testing conducted by TRI-Primary rupture/ EPDM rupture GSEworld.com Performance Testing Report 8

9 For example, Designing with Geosynthetics cites more than 400% strain for LLDPE in a wide width test and 75% strain in an axi-symmetric (multi-axial) test. EPDM the liner component of LiteEarth - shows more than 400% strain in wide width mode and 119% in axi-symmetric mode. Thus, while the backing exhibits the characteristics of a woven geotextile, the ultimate properties are typical of EPDM geomembrane and meet or exceed the strain values when compared to LLDPE geomembranes. 3.2 HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES LiteEarth is a barrier meant to be used primarily for exposed applications. As such, it must isolate the underlying waste from the environment by minimizing the outward migration of harmful gases and any infiltration of water into the waste. The flow of gases and water through geomembranes occurs through the process of diffusion according to Fick s Law. Researchers have evaluated a number of geomembranes and found that the diffusion through most commercially available geomembrane ranges within one order of magnitude. Therefore, the type of polymer of a geomembrane has some influence on diffusion but this is generally not large enough to be the basis of the preference of one geomembrane over the other unless aggressive solvents are involved. Table 4 presents the hydraulic properties of LiteEarth. Table 4 Performance Hydraulic Properties Property Test Method Units Average Value Water Vapor Transmission*, Darcian Permeability ASTM E 96 cm/sec 1x10-12 Methane Gas Permeability Coefficient* ASTM D 1434 cm 2 /sec/pa 7.5x10-13 * = tested on 45 mil EPDM geomembrane alone 3.3 FLUME TESTING Large-scale flume testing on LiteEarth was performed at TRI s Denver Downs Research Farm (DDRF) facility in Greenville, SC. The purpose of the test was threefold: 1) obtain Manning s Roughness Coefficient, n; 2) determine tractive shear stresses; and 3) assess any loss of grass from the material as a result of the tractive shear stresses. The test was performed in a 2 ft by 40 ft concrete flume at a 20% slope. The LiteEarth test sample was secured against the flume using metal strips and the edges of the sample were sealed against the flume walls with an adhesive. The material was tested under the following four water flow depths in the order of increasing severity: 2.3 in, 4.0 in, 6.7 in and 10.7 in. At each depth, the flow was maintained for 30 minutes in order to assess the mechanical integrity of the material. Figure 6: Flume Testing Advanced Synthetic Grass Geomembrane Liner 9

10 Table 5 summarizes the test results obtained from the flume tests. The third and the last columns show velocity and tractive shear stresses, respectively. Both of these parameters indicate that soil erosion would occur if sand was used as an infill material. Since LiteEarth does not utilize any soil infill, the tests did not result in any loss of soil. Moreover, since the synthetic grass fibers are connected mechanically to the carrier geotextile, no loss of the turf was observed during the tests. The Manning s n values in Table 5 confirm the behavior of LiteEarth as being equivalent to a layer of well-established natural grass. Table 5 Large Scale Flume Testing (ASTM 6460) Shear Level Flow Depth (in) Flow Velocity (ft/sec) Flow Rate (ft 3 /sec) Manning s Roughness, n Max. Bed Shear Stress (lbs/ft 2 ) DURABILITY Durability testing on geosynthetics is generally of two types: 1. Chemical and 2. Ultraviolet (UV). The former evaluates the compatibility of a geosynthetic with a specific chemical or landfill leachate while the latter evaluates resistance of a material to aging when exposed to the sunlight. Chemical durability to landfill leachate is typically performed according to the EPA 9090 test method. However, over 20 years of EPA 9090 testing has revealed that most commercially available geosynthetics, including EPDM geomembranes, do not degrade at all when exposed to landfill leachate. Therefore, EPA 9090 testing is rarely performed anymore on geosynthetics. Figure 7: UV Evaluation Process GSEworld.com Performance Testing Report 10

11 A more important concern, especially for exposed materials, is their resistance to aging from UV light exposure. There are two types of UV tests: index and performance. The index or quality control tests are used to ensure that the material formulation and compounding is consistent. These tests also serve as an indicator of the long-term performance. Examples of these tests include Oxidative Induction Time (OIT) on polyethylene geomembranes and UV Resistance (ASTM D 4355) tests on geotextiles. The long-term UV tests are performed in weatherometers under conditions that more closely simulate the actual exposure conditions of projects. Both short-term and long-term UV aging tests on LiteEarth and its components are summarized in Table 6. The top two rows in Table 6 show the performance UV test results for the grass and the EPDM geomembrane. This type of UV performance is generally inferred as showing a design life exceeding 30 years. The primary backing UV results show the geotextile having significantly better UV performance than most commercially available geotextiles. And EPA 9090 testing shows that similar to other geosynthetics, a typical landfill leachate has no effect on the EPDM properties. Table 6 Aging and Compatibility Tests on LiteEarth and its Components Property Test Method Units Average Value Grass Fiber UV Resistance ISO :2006(E) % Breaking strength 50% > 34,000 hours EPDM Geomembrane UV Resistance* ASTM D 7238 at 70 C % Breaking strength % Pigment retention 82% at 43,200 hours 52% at 43,200 hours Primary Backing UV Resistance ASTM D 4355/D 5035 % Breaking strength 95% at 1000 hours EPDM Geomembrane Leachate Compatibility EPA 9090 No Change * The Geosynthetic Institute testing 5.0 SEAM STRENGTH LiteEarth utilizes EPDM a high performance thermoset geomembrane as the liner. As such, all the panel-to-panel seaming must be achieved using an industrial grade butyl adhesive recommended by the manufacturer. The seaming procedure is very simple and has been used for years in many industries. Physical Characteristic Standard Units EPDM 1 HDPE 2 LLDPE 3 Seaming Tape Thermal Weld Thermal weld Seaming inspection method 30 Lance ASTM 5820 Pressure Test Peel Strength ASTM D 7272 ppi 28 Shear Strength ASTM D 7272 ppi 144 Peel Strength ASTM D 6392 ppi Shear Strength ASTM D 6392 ppi NOTES: (1) 45 mil non-reinforced EPDM seamed to polypropylene primary, as tested by TRI (2) 50 mil textured HDPE, GM13 (3) 50 mil textured LLDPE, GM19 - LiteEarth Liner Roll size: 15 x 200 w/12 (for mechanical anchors) and seaming - Industry proven bonding adhesive technology with rapid flash-off and curing cycle One edges along the side of a panel is manufactured with approximately one foot of the material without the grass. A thin coat of primer is applied to the top surface of one panel with the geotextile and the bottom surface of another panel with the geomembrane. A 6 wide butyl adhesive strip is placed between the primed surfaces which are then joined under slight pressure. This procedure achieves a strong and durable seam that is impermeable to both water and air. Table 7 presents seam strength test results for LiteEarth. Advanced Synthetic Grass Geomembrane Liner 11

12 Table 7 Seam Strength Tests on LiteEarth Property Test Method Units Average Value Peel Strength ASTM D 7272 lb/in (kn/m) 29.4 (5.1) Peel Locus of Failure ASTM D 7272 lb/in (kn/m) AD2/SIP Shear Strength ASTM D 7272 lb/in (kn/m) (26.2) Shear Locus of Failure ASTM D 7272 lb/in (kn/m) AD1/AD2 6.0 ANCHOR PULLOUT The LiteEarth artificial turf installation procedure involves pinning the turf material down via the use of earth anchors installed into the soil foundation layer. A relevant analysis of this system is a test of the ability of the LiteEarth artificial turf material to withstand pull-through of the plates. As the anchors are installed through the EPDM geomembrane and are stressed in application, the anchor plates and geomembrane must supply a resistance for the system to be successful. The pull-through test is performed by clamping a sample of LiteEarth artificial turf over an anchor plate equipped with an anchor. The anchor is pulled vertically and the anchor plate and turf are challenged to resist pull-through. The figure on this page shows the test as performed. The anchor pull-through tests resulted in an average pull-through resistance of 1,300 pounds for 3 anchor plates and 2,429 pounds for 6 plates. Table 8 presents anchorage recommendations for LiteEarth based on the laboratory data and wind uplift calculations. Figure 8: Anchor Evaluation Process Table 8 Anchorage Recommendations for LiteEarth Hurricane Category Wind Speed (Miles/Hour) Anchor Spacing (ft) Anchorage Force (lbs) Anchor Plate (in.) I II III IV GSEworld.com Performance Testing Report 12

13 GSE is a leading manufacturer and marketer of geosynthetic lining products and services. We ve built a reputation of reliability through our dedication to providing consistency of product, price and protection to our global customers. Our commitment to innovation, our focus on quality and our industry expertise allow us the flexibility to collaborate with our clients to develop a custom, purpose-fit solution. For more information on this product and others, please visit us at GSEworld.com, call or contact your local sales office. REV 27FEB2017

Liner Construction & Testing Guidance Overview

Liner Construction & Testing Guidance Overview Liner Construction & Testing Guidance Overview Ruben Meza, Jr., P.E. Waste Permits Division Municipal Solid Waste Permits Section 2017: TCEQ Environmental Trade Fair Agenda Summary of Revised Guidance

More information

Drop-In Specifications INTEGRATED DRAINAGE SYSTEM GEOMEMBRANE

Drop-In Specifications INTEGRATED DRAINAGE SYSTEM GEOMEMBRANE Drop-In Specifications INTEGRATED DRAINAGE SYSTEM GEOMEMBRANE The following specification is a sample guideline to be customized by the engineer for preparing site specific specification. This information

More information

1993 Specifications CSJ SPECIAL SPECIFICATION ITEM Impermeable Liner

1993 Specifications CSJ SPECIAL SPECIFICATION ITEM Impermeable Liner 1993 Specifications CSJ 0128-01-085 SPECIAL SPECIFICATION ITEM 5327 Impermeable Liner 1. Description. This Item shall govern for the furnishing and installation of the impermeable liner (geomembrane) shown

More information

SPECIAL SPECIFICATION 3687 Impermeable Liner

SPECIAL SPECIFICATION 3687 Impermeable Liner 1993 Specifications CSJ s 0569-01-043 & 0945-04-025 SPECIAL SPECIFICATION 3687 Impermeable Liner 1. Description. This Item shall govern for the furnishing and installation of the impermeable liner (geomembrane)

More information

Exposed Geomembrane Cover Systems for Coal Ash Facilities

Exposed Geomembrane Cover Systems for Coal Ash Facilities 2017 World of Coal Ash (WOCA) Conference in Lexington, KY - May 9-11, 2017 http://www.flyash.info/ Exposed Geomembrane Cover Systems for Coal Ash Facilities Clay Reichert, P.E. GSE Environmental, LLC,

More information

Selecting the Right Closure Cap Option for Your Surface Impoundment or CCR Landfill

Selecting the Right Closure Cap Option for Your Surface Impoundment or CCR Landfill 2017 World of Coal Ash (WOCA) Conference in Lexington, KY - May 9-11, 2017 http://www.flyash.info/ Selecting the Right Closure Cap Option for Your Surface Impoundment or CCR Landfill Steven C. Lamb 1,

More information

Alternative Cover Systems

Alternative Cover Systems Alternative Cover Systems RemTech 2017 October 13, 2017 Outline Capping solutions Why use alternate cover systems Exposed geomembrane cap systems Geosynthetic Turf cap systems What is it? How is it installed?

More information

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE Prof. J. N. Mandal Department of civil engineering, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India. Tel.022-25767328 email: cejnm@civil.iitb.ac.in Module - 3

More information

AASHTO M Subsurface Drainage

AASHTO M Subsurface Drainage Subsurface Drainage Description: This specification is applicable to placing a geotextile against the soil to allow long-term passage of water into a subsurface drain system retaining the in -situ soil.

More information

REHABILITATION OF SAIDA DUMPSITE

REHABILITATION OF SAIDA DUMPSITE Traditionally a landfill s construction involves large quantities of natural materials such as clay (waterproofing), gravel (drainage) and sand (filter and separation). These materials are scarce in the

More information

Section Specification for Geotextile Used in Permanent Erosion Control Application

Section Specification for Geotextile Used in Permanent Erosion Control Application Project Name: Project Number: 1 GENERAL Section 02370 Specification for Geotextile Used in Permanent Erosion Control Application 1.1 SECTION INCLUDES A. Geotextile to prevent soil loss resulting in excessive

More information

Leak Location Geosynthetic Materials in Base Liner Systems. NY Federation SWANA. May, 2014

Leak Location Geosynthetic Materials in Base Liner Systems. NY Federation SWANA. May, 2014 Leak Location Geosynthetic Materials in Base Liner Systems NY Federation SWANA May, 2014 Different ELI Surveys A. Covered Electrical Liner Integrity (ELI) Survey Dipole Method Suitable for water or soil

More information

CAPPING OF A GOLD MINE IN ROSIA MONTANA, ROMANIA

CAPPING OF A GOLD MINE IN ROSIA MONTANA, ROMANIA Rosia Montana has always been rich in mineral resources, especially in gold. Unfortunately the accident at Baia Mare in 2000 brought home to Romanians the dangers of cyanide leaching due to the use of

More information

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE Prof. J. N. Mandal Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India. Tel.022-25767328 email: cejnm@civil.iitb.ac.in Module - 2

More information

Horsehead Holding Corporation Relies on XR-5

Horsehead Holding Corporation Relies on XR-5 Horsehead Holding Corporation Relies on XR-5 for solvent extraction facility Mooresboro, NC 500,000 SF XR-5 Ethylene Interpolymer Alloy (EIA) geomembrane was specified as the primary and secondary containment

More information

EROSION & SEDIMENT CONTROL

EROSION & SEDIMENT CONTROL EROSION & SEDIMENT CONTROL 1 EROSION & SEDIMENT CONTROL Effective Soil & Water Protection Whether you want to prevent soil erosion caused by rain, water and wind, or protect waterways from inevitable build

More information

Section 714. GEOTEXTILE AND GEOCOMPOSITE DRAIN MATERIAL

Section 714. GEOTEXTILE AND GEOCOMPOSITE DRAIN MATERIAL Section 714. GEOTEXTILE AND GEOCOMPOSITE DRAIN MATERIAL 714.01 Geotextile. Use long-chain, synthetic polymers, composed at least 95 percent by mass of polyolefins or polyesters, to manufacture geotextile

More information

Technical Supplement 14D. Geosynthetics in Stream Restoration. (210 VI NEH, August 2007)

Technical Supplement 14D. Geosynthetics in Stream Restoration. (210 VI NEH, August 2007) Technical Supplement 14D (210 VI NEH, August 2007) Issued August 2007 Cover photo: Inert or manmade materials can be used in restoration designs where immediate stability is required and can be used in

More information

GEOMEMBRANE FIELD INSTALLATION

GEOMEMBRANE FIELD INSTALLATION GEOMEMBRANE FIELD INSTALLATION CONTENTS Introduction Quality Control and Quality Assurance Types of lining systems Basic Lining Design Executive Lining Design Basic Lining Design Specification Executive

More information

The use of geosynthetics in the installation of ballast layers

The use of geosynthetics in the installation of ballast layers The use of geosynthetics in the installation of ballast layers C. Cilliers, Jones & Wagener (Pty) Ltd, South Africa, cilliers@jaws.co.za ABSTRACT The ballast layer is an essential element of any landfill

More information

GRI White Paper #12. The Development of a Benefit/Cost Ratio Matrix for Optimal Selection of a Geosynthetic Material

GRI White Paper #12. The Development of a Benefit/Cost Ratio Matrix for Optimal Selection of a Geosynthetic Material GRI White Paper # The Development of a Benefit/Cost Ratio Matrix for Optimal Selection of a Geosynthetic Material by Robert M. Koerner and George R. Koerner Geosynthetic Institute 7 Kedron Avenue Folsom,

More information

SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS GEOTEXTILE TUBES PARAGRAPH TITLE PAGE NOS.

SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS GEOTEXTILE TUBES PARAGRAPH TITLE PAGE NOS. SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS SITE WORK GEOTEXTILE TUBES PARAGRAPH TITLE PAGE NOS. PART 1 - GENERAL 1.1 SCOPE OF WORK................................ 1 1.2 REFERENCES.................................. 1 1.3

More information

Firestone EPDM Geomembrane Review of technical performances

Firestone EPDM Geomembrane Review of technical performances Firestone EPDM Geomembrane Review of technical performances www.firestonebpe.com Introduction This document presents a summary of the characteristics of Firestone EPDM Geomembrane produced by Firestone

More information

Introduction To Geosynthetics In Transportation

Introduction To Geosynthetics In Transportation Module 1 Separation, Stabilization & Base Reinforcement Introduction To Geosynthetics In Transportation Prepared by July 2007 For the Local Technical Assistance Program The Geosynthetic Materials Association

More information

EARTH STABILIZATION GEOSYNTHETIC SOLUTIONS

EARTH STABILIZATION GEOSYNTHETIC SOLUTIONS EARTH STABILIZATION GEOSYNTHETIC SOLUTIONS A FULL LINE OF GEOSYNTHETIC SOLUTIONS As one of the largest manufacturer of geosynthetics in the world, we are focused on providing superior performance every

More information

Firestone GeoGard EPDM Review of Technical Performances

Firestone GeoGard EPDM Review of Technical Performances Firestone GeoGard EPDM Review of Technical Performances 1 Introduction This document presents a summary of the characteristics of the Firestone GeoGard EPDM membrane produced by Firestone Building Products,

More information

SKAPS GEOTEXTILE SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE

SKAPS GEOTEXTILE SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE SKAPS INDUSTRIES 335 Athena Drive, Athens, GA 30601 Ph: (706)-354-3700 Fax: (706)-354-3737 Email: contact@skaps.com DROP-IN SPECIFICATIONS SKAPS GEOTEXTILE SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE The following drop-in specification

More information

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA UFGS-02 56 13 (February 2010) ----------------------------- Preparing Activity: USACE Superseding UGGS-02 56 13 (October 2007) UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS References

More information

Super Gripnet INTEGRATED DRAINAGE SYSTEM (IDS) GEOMEMBRANE

Super Gripnet INTEGRATED DRAINAGE SYSTEM (IDS) GEOMEMBRANE Super Gripnet INTEGRATED DRAINAGE SYSTEM (IDS) GEOMEMBRANE 1 The Plastics Experts. AGRU America s structured geomembranes are manufactured on state-of-the-art manufacturing equipment using the flat die

More information

Firestone Reinforced Polypropylene (fpp-r) Geomembrane

Firestone Reinforced Polypropylene (fpp-r) Geomembrane FSP-105 04/05/2011 Firestone Reinforced Polypropylene (fpp-r) Geomembrane Firestone Item Number Various: See Attached Page DESCRIPTION: Firestone fpp-r Geomembrane is a reinforced polypropylene geomembrane

More information

Geosynthetic Institute GSI GRI GT13(b) ISO Version

Geosynthetic Institute GSI GRI GT13(b) ISO Version Geosynthetic Institute 475 Kedron Avenue Folsom, PA 19033-1208 USA TEL (610) 522-8440 FAX (610) 522-8441 GEI GRI GSI GAI GCI GII Revision 1: December 19, 2012 Revision Schedule on pg. 9 GRI GT13(b) ISO

More information

Geomembranes that work

Geomembranes that work Geomembranes that work www.firestonebpe.com Dependable performance in demanding environments Firestone EPDM Geomembrane is a rubber liner offering a flexible and durable solution for a wide variety of

More information

Assessment of Geotextile Reinforced Embankment on Soft Clay Soil

Assessment of Geotextile Reinforced Embankment on Soft Clay Soil Assessment of Geotextile Reinforced Embankment on Soft Clay Soil M. Siavoshnia*, F. Kalantari and A. Shakiba Corresponding author: Civil Engineering Faculty, Neyaiesh Complex, Tehran Central Branch, Islamic

More information

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION FOR GEOTEXTILES

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION FOR GEOTEXTILES ONTARIO PROVINCIAL STANDARD SPECIFICATION METRIC OPSS 1860 NOVEMBER 2004 MATERIAL SPECIFICATION FOR GEOTEXTILES TABLE OF CONTENTS 1860.01 SCOPE 1860.02 REFERENCES 1860.03 DEFINITIONS 1860.04 SUBMISSION

More information

Evaluating Tubular Drainage Geocomposites for use in Lined Landfill Leachate Collection Systems

Evaluating Tubular Drainage Geocomposites for use in Lined Landfill Leachate Collection Systems Geo-Environmental Engineering 2015 Concordia University Montreal, Canada May 21-22, 2015 Evaluating Tubular Drainage Geocomposites for use in Lined Landfill Leachate Collection Systems Eric Steinhauser

More information

Elements of Design of Multi-linear Drainage Geocomposites for Landfills

Elements of Design of Multi-linear Drainage Geocomposites for Landfills Elements of Design of Multi-linear Drainage Geocomposites for Landfills Stephan Fourmont Business Development Manager East sfourmont@draintube.net C : (418) 929-3139 Multi-linear drainage geocomposites

More information

Pozidrain. A guide to the selection and specification of Pozidrain drainage geocomposite

Pozidrain. A guide to the selection and specification of Pozidrain drainage geocomposite Pozidrain A guide to the selection and specification of Pozidrain drainage geocomposite Pozidrain Pozidrain is the original wide width drainage and gas venting layer and offers a sustainable, environmentally

More information

Geosynthetics for the Management, Containment and Closure of Coal Combustion Residual Disposal Facilities

Geosynthetics for the Management, Containment and Closure of Coal Combustion Residual Disposal Facilities 2013 World of Coal Ash (WOCA) Conference - April 22-25, 2013 in Lexington, KY http://www.flyash.info/ Geosynthetics for the Management, Containment and Closure of Coal Combustion Residual Disposal Facilities

More information

GEOWEB slope & shoreline protection OVERVIEW

GEOWEB slope & shoreline protection OVERVIEW SOIL STABILIZATION GEOWEB slope & shoreline protection OVERVIEW THE GEOWEB SYSTEM The Presto GEOWEB slope and shoreline protection system is an effective and economical solution to challenging slope-surface

More information

CalTrans tackles The Merge

CalTrans tackles The Merge February March 2007 Volume 25 Number 1 CalTrans tackles The Merge Geogrid reinforcement is key for huge Interstate widening project Tour the world's largest PVC membrane installation Designer's Forum:

More information

TECHNICAL DROP-IN SPECIFICATIONS

TECHNICAL DROP-IN SPECIFICATIONS TECHNICAL DROP-IN SPECIFICATION Dura-Skrim N-Series & NT-Series Reinforced Polyethylene ISSUED DATE 25 AUGUST 2014 VALID DATE 25 SEPTEMBER 2014 The following technical drop-in specifications are provided

More information

SWANA/A&WMA s. Third Annual Landfill Operator s Training Geosynthetics in Landfills. February 13, 2013

SWANA/A&WMA s. Third Annual Landfill Operator s Training Geosynthetics in Landfills. February 13, 2013 SWANA/A&WMA s Third Annual Landfill Operator s Training Geosynthetics in Landfills February 13, 2013 Geosynthetics Products Applications Current Lining Requirements Tips 2 Geosynthetics polymeric products

More information

American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association Letter Ballot

American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association Letter Ballot American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association Letter Ballot 1. Committee and Subcommittee: Committee 1, Roadway and Ballast, Subcommittee 10, Geosynthetics 2. Letter Ballot Number: 01-18-05

More information

LARGE-SCALE SHEAR TESTS ON INTERFACE SHEAR PERFORMANCE OF LANDFILL LINER SYSTEMS

LARGE-SCALE SHEAR TESTS ON INTERFACE SHEAR PERFORMANCE OF LANDFILL LINER SYSTEMS Proceeding of the 4 th Asian Regional Conference on Geosynthetics June 17-2, 28 Shanghai, China LARGE-SCALE SHEAR TESTS ON INTERFACE SHEAR PERFORMANCE OF LANDFILL LINER SYSTEMS M. Kamon 1, S. Mariappan

More information

D.P.E. Enviroliner. geotextile protection layer. covering new ground 2016

D.P.E. Enviroliner. geotextile protection layer. covering new ground 2016 LEVEL 7 osynthetic clay liner www.gundle.co.za H.D.P.E. Enviroliner geosynthetic clay liner geotextile protection layer D.P.E. Enviroliner solid waste sand (leachate collection) geotextile protection layer

More information

Charudatta R. Prayag Deputy Director Ahmedabad Textile Industry s Research Association Ahmedabad

Charudatta R. Prayag Deputy Director Ahmedabad Textile Industry s Research Association Ahmedabad Introduction to Geotextiles and the use of Polyester in Geosynthetics, and a brief outline of the Scheme for promotion of usage of Geotextiles in the NER of the Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India Charudatta

More information

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE Prof. J. N. Mandal Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India. Tel.022-25767328 email: cejnm@civil.iitb.ac.in Module - 8

More information

Rhyno. Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles. Geosynthetics Limited

Rhyno. Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles. Geosynthetics Limited Rhyno Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles Geosynthetics Limited Rhyno Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles Since its introduction in 1999, Rhyno has been helping contractors to reduce maintenance costs by extending

More information

Workshop On Capping Design In South Africa. Product Showcase By. Tyrone Naidoo

Workshop On Capping Design In South Africa. Product Showcase By. Tyrone Naidoo Workshop On Capping Design In South Africa Product Showcase By Tyrone Naidoo Kaytech Introduction Kaytech providing Africa with Geosynthetics for over 40 years Offering geosynthetic solutions to corporations

More information

Technical Specification Guidelines

Technical Specification Guidelines SECTION I- DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS PAGE 1.01 APPLICABILITY...I.2 1.02 PROTECTION AND PRECAUTIONS...I.3 1.03 SITE AND SUBSTRATE CONSIDERATIONS...I.3 1.04 PRODUCT CONSIDERATIONS...I.8 1.05 FASTENING CONSIDERATIONS...I.9

More information

Geotextile Testing Equipment

Geotextile Testing Equipment Equipment Geotextile Test Equipment Geotextile comprises of nonwovens, wovens and multi layer composite materials made up of synthetic (polypropylene, polyester, etc.) or natural (jute, coir, textile,

More information

Long-Term Durability of a 20 mil PVC Geomembrane

Long-Term Durability of a 20 mil PVC Geomembrane Long-Term Durability of a 20 mil PVC Geomembrane E. J. NEWMAN & T. D. STARK, Dept. of Civ. & Environmental Engrg., Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States F. P. ROHE, Environmental Protection, Inc.,

More information

Geomembranes that work

Geomembranes that work Geomembranes that work www.firestonebpe.com Dependable performance in demanding environments Firestone EPDM Geomembrane is a rubber liner offering a flexible and durable solution for a wide variety of

More information

Geosynthetics. Work platforms built with geotextile tubes at the Lach Huyen Bridge. GMA TECHLINE Exposed GM? Deformations?

Geosynthetics. Work platforms built with geotextile tubes at the Lach Huyen Bridge. GMA TECHLINE Exposed GM? Deformations? FEBRUARY/MARCH 2016 VOLUME 34 NUMBER 1 SUBSCRIBE AT GeosyntheticsMagazine.com GMA TECHLINE Exposed GM? Deformations? For landfill drainage layer GIROUD & HAN Geosynthetics and unpaved roads Geosynthetics

More information

AASHTO NTPEP Rolled Erosion Control Product (RECP) Test Report

AASHTO NTPEP Rolled Erosion Control Product (RECP) Test Report AASHTO NTPEP Rolled Erosion Control Product (RECP) Test Report Manufacturer: US Erosion Control Products Plant Name: US Erosion Control Products Corporate Address: 1800 Springhead Church Rd. Plant Address:

More information

Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles

Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles CI/SfB (16) (17) Common Arrangement R12 Uniclass L1411 Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles Geosynthetics Rhyno Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles Since its introduction in 1999, Rhyno has been helping contractors

More information

CHAPTER 4 EXPERIMENTAL WORK 4.1 GENERAL

CHAPTER 4 EXPERIMENTAL WORK 4.1 GENERAL CHAPTER 4 EXPERIMENTAL WORK 4.1 GENERAL In the present chapter engineering properties of subgrade soils, moorum and aggregate used in the investigation are presented. The details of geotextiles and geogrids

More information

Pullout of Geosynthetic Reinforcement with In-plane Drainage Capability. J.G. Zornberg 1 and Y. Kang 2

Pullout of Geosynthetic Reinforcement with In-plane Drainage Capability. J.G. Zornberg 1 and Y. Kang 2 Zornberg, J.G., Kang, Y. (2005). Pullout of Geosynthetic Reinforcement with In-plane Drainage Capability. Geosynthetics Research and Development in Progress, Eighteenth Geosynthetic Research Institute

More information

V. EROSION CONTROL. -Drainage swales separation -Under rip-rap protected -Under rip-rap unprotected

V. EROSION CONTROL. -Drainage swales separation -Under rip-rap protected -Under rip-rap unprotected V. EROSION CONTROL This section describes three different types of erosion control applications where geotextiles can be used in conjunction with some form of stone or other energy dissipating material

More information

Leakage through Liners under High Hydraulic Heads. PH (512) ; FAX (512) ;

Leakage through Liners under High Hydraulic Heads. PH (512) ; FAX (512) ; Weber, C.T., and Zornberg, J.G. (2005). Leakage through Liners under High Hydraulic Heads." Geosynthetics Research and Development in Progress, Eighteenth Geosynthetic Research Institute Conference (GRI-18),

More information

Firestone Lining Systems. Dependable Performance in Demanding Environments

Firestone Lining Systems. Dependable Performance in Demanding Environments Firestone Lining Systems Dependable Performance in Demanding Environments Firestone EPDM Geomembrane Product Line Thickness Standard Widths Standard Lengths Weight Standard panel sizes 1,02 mm (.040 )

More information

Introduction. Functions of Non woven Geotextile (TechGeo) Separation. Filtration. Drainage. Containment. Tech Geo. . Geotextile Overview

Introduction. Functions of Non woven Geotextile (TechGeo) Separation. Filtration. Drainage. Containment. Tech Geo. . Geotextile Overview Introduction Nonwoven Geotextile (TechGeo) - Functions & Applications TechGeo is made from the highest quality PP fibers. It is a Nonwoven Geotextile, needle punched to form a strong fabric that relates

More information

Leak Drainage. A guide to the selection and specification of Leak Drainage Systems for use in Mineworks and Municipal Solid Waste containment systems.

Leak Drainage. A guide to the selection and specification of Leak Drainage Systems for use in Mineworks and Municipal Solid Waste containment systems. Leak Drainage A guide to the selection and specification of Leak Drainage Systems for use in Mineworks and Municipal Solid Waste containment systems. Mine Waste and MSW containment systems, especially

More information

DUPONT TM PLANTEX LANDSCAPE SOLUTIONS Guidebook

DUPONT TM PLANTEX LANDSCAPE SOLUTIONS Guidebook DUPONT TM PLANTEX LANDSCAPE SOLUTIONS Guidebook www.plantexpro.dupont.com APPLICATION REFERENCE TABLE Function Residential / Non-residential Product category Product brand Weed Root Soil erosion Stabilisation

More information

Module 5 Erosion & Sediment Control. Introduction To Geosynthetics In Transportation. Prepared by. For the Local Technical Assistance Program

Module 5 Erosion & Sediment Control. Introduction To Geosynthetics In Transportation. Prepared by. For the Local Technical Assistance Program Module 5 Erosion & Sediment Control Introduction To Geosynthetics In Transportation Prepared by July 2007 For the Local Technical Assistance Program The Geosynthetic Materials Association (GMA) represents

More information

E R O S I O N C O N T R O L

E R O S I O N C O N T R O L E R O S I O N C O N T R O L GEOTEXTILES T O U G H O V E R T I M E EROSION CONTROL 1.0 Features of PERMANENT PG 2 EROSION CONTROL 2.0 How Typar geotextiles PG 2 work 4.0 Installation guide PG 6 5.0 Overlap

More information

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATION

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATION USACE / NAVFAC / AFCESA / NASA UFGS-31 05 19 (August 2008) --------------------------- Preparing Activity: USACE Superseding UFGS-31 05 19 (April 2006) UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATION References

More information

GEOMEMBRANE AND DRAINAGE INSTALLATION SPECIFICATION

GEOMEMBRANE AND DRAINAGE INSTALLATION SPECIFICATION GEOMEMBRANE AND DRAINAGE INSTALLATION SPECIFICATION The information provided in this manual uses current quality control and quality assurance standards within the geomembrane industry. It is the sole

More information

III.DRAINAGE. This section describes the use of geotextiles in underdrains for two different field conditions:

III.DRAINAGE. This section describes the use of geotextiles in underdrains for two different field conditions: III.DRAINAGE This section describes the use of geotextiles in underdrains for two different field conditions: Protected (or light duty installations) and, Unprotected (for heavy duty installations). Both

More information

Geosynthetic materials Solutions for improved ground structure. Name it. We ll do it.

Geosynthetic materials Solutions for improved ground structure. Name it. We ll do it. Geosynthetic materials Solutions for improved ground structure TEXEL S PRODUCTION CAPABILITIES By concentrating on the carding/needlepunching technology and continuously investing in its production and

More information

Global Coitment to Quality Global Synthetics with their German partner, Naue GmbH, are now able partner, Naue GmbH, have strong coitments to quality a

Global Coitment to Quality Global Synthetics with their German partner, Naue GmbH, are now able partner, Naue GmbH, have strong coitments to quality a Secutex Nonwoven Heavyweight Geotextile Range Polypropylene Geotextile for Speciality Applications Geotextiles for protection of liners in landfill construction Geotextiles for rock revetments Geotextiles

More information

CI/SfB (16)(17) Common Arrangement D11 Uniclass L1411/ L132/ L6634. Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles.

CI/SfB (16)(17) Common Arrangement D11 Uniclass L1411/ L132/ L6634. Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles. CI/SfB (16)(17) Common Arrangement D11 Uniclass L1411/ L132/ L6634 Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles Rhyno Woven Polypropylene Geotextiles Since its introduction in 1999, Rhyno has been helping contractors

More information

Overview of Canal Lining Projects. Montana Association of Dam and Canal Systems October 5 and 6, Jack Haynes EDC Canal Linings, LLC Owner

Overview of Canal Lining Projects. Montana Association of Dam and Canal Systems October 5 and 6, Jack Haynes EDC Canal Linings, LLC Owner Overview of Canal Lining Projects Montana Association of Dam and Canal Systems October 5 and 6, 2011 Jack Haynes EDC Canal Linings, LLC Owner Scope of Study 34 Test Sections installed 18 Exposed Geomembranes

More information

Overview of Geosynthetic Materials, Their Characteristics, Applications, and Design Considerations

Overview of Geosynthetic Materials, Their Characteristics, Applications, and Design Considerations Overview of Geosynthetic Materials, Their Characteristics, Applications, and Design Considerations Jie Han, Professor, Ph.D., PE The University of Kansas Outline of Presentation Introduction Geosynthetic

More information

SPECIFICATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MANUFACTURING AND INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE GEOMEMBRANES

SPECIFICATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MANUFACTURING AND INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE GEOMEMBRANES SPECIFICATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MANUFACTURING AND INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE GEOMEMBRANES The following specification constitutes a guideline for the preparation of site specific geomembrane

More information

J. K. Gupta, Scientist D, Bureau of Indian Standards

J. K. Gupta, Scientist D, Bureau of Indian Standards Standardization in the field of Geotech 3 RD NATIONAL CONCLAVE ON STANDARDS FOR TECHNICAL TEXTILES 2 & 3 NOV 2017, NEW DELHI J. K. Gupta, Scientist D, Bureau of Indian Standards GEOTECH SECTOR AT A GLANCE

More information

POND SEALING OR LINING GEOMEMBRANE OR GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINER

POND SEALING OR LINING GEOMEMBRANE OR GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINER NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE CONSERVATION PRACTICE STANDARD POND SEALING OR LINING GEOMEMBRANE OR GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINER CODE 521 (NO.) DEFINITION A liner for an impoundment constructed using

More information

Chesapeake Energy Center. Submitted To: Chesapeake Energy Center 2701 Vepco Street Chesapeake, VA 23323

Chesapeake Energy Center. Submitted To: Chesapeake Energy Center 2701 Vepco Street Chesapeake, VA 23323 NOTICE OF INTENT TO CLOSE INACTIVE CCR SURFACE IMPOUNDMENT NOTICE OF INTENT Chesapeake Energy Center Submitted To: Chesapeake Energy Center 2701 Vepco Street Chesapeake, VA 23323 Submitted By: Golder Associates

More information

Geosynthetic materials Solutions for improved ground structure. Name it. We ll do it.

Geosynthetic materials Solutions for improved ground structure. Name it. We ll do it. Geosynthetic materials Solutions for improved ground structure TEXEL S PRODUCTION CAPABILITIES By concentrating on the carding/needlepunching technology and continuously investing in its production and

More information

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION FOR GEOTEXTILES

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION FOR GEOTEXTILES ONTARIO PROVINCIAL STANDARD SPECIFICATION OPSS 1860 APRIL 2018 (Formerly OPSS 1860, April 2012) Note: The MUNI implemented in April 2018 replaces OPSS 1860 COMMON, April 2012 with no technical content

More information

Acronyms. TRI TRI Environmental, Inc. Table of Contents. iii

Acronyms. TRI TRI Environmental, Inc. Table of Contents. iii Table of Contents Acronyms AEG American Environmental Group, Ltd. AMEC American Environmental & Infrastructure, Inc. CAT I Category I CES ARCADIS Construction and Environmental Services Group CQA Construction

More information

Geomembranes and Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs)

Geomembranes and Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) Geomembranes and Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) Geosynthetic Materials Association 800 636 5042 www.gmanow.com gmatechline@ifai.com Geomembranes are essentially impermeable polymeric lining materials

More information

PVC aquaculture liners stand the test of time

PVC aquaculture liners stand the test of time Volume 19, Number7 PVC aquaculture liners stand the test of time After three decades of performance, exhumed geomembrane retains strength and flexibility. By Erik Newman, Fred P. Rohe, and Timothy D. Stark

More information

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA UFGS-33 56 19 (May 2015) -------------------------- Preparing Activity: USACE Superseding UFGS-33 56 63 (April 2006) UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS References are

More information

CONTINUOUS GEOMEMBRANES FOR ON SITE APPLICATION. PDA Europe 2012 Annual Conference Istanbul, November

CONTINUOUS GEOMEMBRANES FOR ON SITE APPLICATION. PDA Europe 2012 Annual Conference Istanbul, November POLYMERIC GEOMEMBRANES ARE MADE OF: - POLYOLEOFINS (HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, TPO, VLDPE). - EPDM. - PVC LIMITATIONS OF CONVENTIONAL POLYMERIC GEOMEMBRANES: - REQUIRE WELDING AT JOINTS AND SEAMS (heat or ultrasound).

More information

to hard armor

to hard armor A REVOLUTIONARY GREEN ALTERNATIVE to hard armor Unmatched Factors of Safety Providing immediate and lasting protection, the GreenArmor System exceeds safety factors of other TRMs at 1/3 to 1/2 the cost

More information

SECTION 02230BP AGGREGATE BASE

SECTION 02230BP AGGREGATE BASE SECTION 02230BP AGGREGATE BASE This page is intentionally left blank. Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC (FBP) SITE PREPARATION INFRASTRUCTURE PHASE 1 SPECIFICATION COVER SHEET Client: U.S. Department of Energy

More information

Moisture Content Effect on Sliding Shear Test Parameters in Woven Geotextile Reinforced Pilani Soil

Moisture Content Effect on Sliding Shear Test Parameters in Woven Geotextile Reinforced Pilani Soil International Journal of Engineering Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 6734, ISSN (Print): 2319 6726 Volume 2 Issue 8 ǁ August 2013 ǁ PP.10-15 Moisture Content Effect on Sliding Shear Test Parameters

More information

PVC GEOMEMBRANE FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION SPECIFICATION

PVC GEOMEMBRANE FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION SPECIFICATION PVC GEOMEMBRANE FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION SPECIFICATION August 20, 2006 PVC Geomembrane Institute Technology Program 2215 Newmark Civil Engineering Laboratory 205N. Mathews Ave. Urbana, IL 61801 217-333-3929

More information

Sea to Sky Geotechnique 2006

Sea to Sky Geotechnique 2006 INTERFACE SHEAR-STRENGTH PROPERTIES OF TEXTURED POLYETHYLENE GEOMEMBRANES Eric Blond, CTT Group / SAGEOS, Quebec, Canada Guy Elie, Solmax International, Quebec, Canada ABSTRACT In order to better characterize

More information

Closing the Crazy Horse Landfill

Closing the Crazy Horse Landfill Closing the Crazy Horse Landfill First large-scale landfill closure in California to use artificial turf closure system By Christopher M. Richgels PROJECT HIGHLIGHTS CRAZY HORSE LANDFILL CLOSURE SALINAS,

More information

G E O T E X T I L E s o l u t i o n s

G E O T E X T I L E s o l u t i o n s G E O T E X T I L E s o l u t i o n s OUR PASSION FOR CREATING GEOSTABILIZATION SOLUTIONS BEGAN DECADES AGO Starting with just a few nonwoven geotextiles, we quickly perfected and expanded a scientific

More information

GSI. Director Geosynthetic Institute. GSI White Paper #30. In-Situ Repairs of Geomembrane Bubbles, Whales and Hippos GRI

GSI. Director Geosynthetic Institute. GSI White Paper #30. In-Situ Repairs of Geomembrane Bubbles, Whales and Hippos GRI Geosynthetic Institute 475 Kedron Avenue Folsom, PA 19033-1208 USA TEL (610) 522-8440 FAX (610) 522-8441 GEI EI GAI GRI GSI GCI GII GSI White Paper #30 In-Situ Repairs of Geomembrane Bubbles, Whales and

More information

Market-Leading Non-Metallic Enclosure Brands

Market-Leading Non-Metallic Enclosure Brands A unique SMC system for maximizing polymer chain and crosslink bonding. Up to 60% more UV-resistant compared with other available formulations. Meets UL 94 5V Fire-Retardancy Standards plus NFPA No. 101

More information

Bituminous Geomembranes in Canal Construction for Irrigation Projects

Bituminous Geomembranes in Canal Construction for Irrigation Projects Conference Paper for Irrigation Australia 2016 Bituminous Geomembranes in Canal Construction for Irrigation Projects Authors: 1. Mr. Robert McIlwraith, Coletanche General Manager for Australia, Axter Australia,

More information

A Revolutionary Green Alternative to Hard Armor

A Revolutionary Green Alternative to Hard Armor A Revolutionary Green Alternative to Hard Armor EXTEND THE BOUNDARIES OF NATURAL VEGETATION The System combines engineering and agronomic excellence to create the world s most effective Green Design Engineering

More information

PRESTO GEOTERRA GTO FAST DEPLOYMENT CONSTRUCTION MAT SYSTEM SPECIFICATION & INSTALLATION GUIDELINE

PRESTO GEOTERRA GTO FAST DEPLOYMENT CONSTRUCTION MAT SYSTEM SPECIFICATION & INSTALLATION GUIDELINE GEOTERRA GTO PRESTO GEOSYSTEMS 670 N Perkins Street, Appleton, Wisconsin, USA Ph: 920-738-1328; Fax: 920-738-1222 www.prestogeo.com GTO/001 1 Oct 2013 Table of Contents GEOTERRA GTO System... 1 GEOTERRA

More information

MASTERBATCHES. Masterbatch Selection Guide for Geosynthetics

MASTERBATCHES. Masterbatch Selection Guide for Geosynthetics MASTERBATCHES Masterbatch Selection Guide for Geosynthetics Table of contents PAGE No. Introduction 2 Geotextiles 3 Geogrids 3 Geomembranes 4 Landfill Liners and Covers 4 Pond Liners 5 Tunnel Liners 5

More information

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE

GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE GEOSYNTHETICS ENGINEERING: IN THEORY AND PRACTICE Prof. J. N. Mandal Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India. Tel.022-25767328 email: cejnm@civil.iitb.ac.in Module - 2

More information

geotextiles bidim Nonwoven polyester geotextile Made in Australia Designed for performance RECYCLED Quality ISO 9001

geotextiles bidim Nonwoven polyester geotextile Made in Australia Designed for performance RECYCLED Quality ISO 9001 geotextiles bidim Nonwoven polyester geotextile Made in Australia Designed for performance Quality ISO 9001 RECYCLED INTRODUCTION The use of geotextiles in construction projects around the world has grown

More information