ReSolve Innovation Competition

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1 VINNOVA REPORT ReSolve Innovation Competition Report 2015 Identify challenges in the field of environment and sustainable development

2 Contents What is ReSolve and the ReSolve Innovation Competition? 5 ReSolve Organisers 9 Partnership Companies 9 How did the key question emerge? 10 How did student teams develop their ideas? 13 What was the result of the Resolve Innovation Competition? 20 The student teams projects 20 Sustainable Storm-water Management for Tycho Hedéns Väg 25 Forest under the Bridge 29 The Plant Tunnel Innovation 33 Monitoring Modelling and Management 36 Winner Team s Work: From High Way to Green Way 39 Jury 46 Thank You 47 SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS PHOTO: STEPHAN LARSSON

3 What is ReSolve and the ReSolve Innovation Competition? ReSolve 1 started as a project run by three organisations under the umbrella of and was funded by VINNOVA. The Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development (CSD Uppsala), The Entrepreneurship Lab, and Innovation, in collaboration with thirty politicians, environmental strategists, practitioners and leaders from Uppsala, Knivsta and Heby municipalities set out to explore and identify challenges in the field of environment and sustainable development in the region. ReSolve represents our way of approaching sustainability problems to create solutions that can be re-solved over time. The project examined the underlying causes of the identified challenges and examined why well- functioning solutions have not been implemented. The project concluded that collaborative approaches need to be enacted between the municipalities in Uppsala County together with local stakeholders and universities. ReSolve has embraced the very nature of sustainability problems in its name, whereby it alludes to the fact that there are no simple or long-term solutions to sustainable development. Therefore the name ReSolve indicates that solutions that work today will need to be re-solved in the future, to address emergent sustainability challenges. Findings from the original ReSolve Project 2 study indicated that there are a number of sustainability issues currently faced by the participating municipalities. These included: City Planning, Energy, Food, Transportation, Waste, and Water. The Water-Category discovered the following problems in Uppsala Municipality: Flooding A problem of imminent severity due to a lack of buffers to absorb storm-water. New systems for city planning are required and new technology is sought-after. Sludge Hazardous chemicals and chemicals which are difficult to handle enter the water system and end up at the water treatment facility. The main challenge is to find an simple, sustainable solution for the sludge problem on a general level. Snow An annual problem, which presents the logistical, temporal and economic challenges for the municipality. Alternative solutions for handling the issue are sought after. The solution should be able to be revised or adapted over and over again if knowledge advances or circumstances change ReSolve Project, Read about the ResSolve and ReSolve Process, visit: 2 Read about the ReSolve Project (Vinnova Report, 2014), visit: Resolve_report_VINNOVA_2014_uppdated_ pdf RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

4 The earlier ReSolve project provided the foundation for an in-depth study/solution oriented approach to each particular issue by mapping them out in via an exploratory study. This is what is being built upon in the current iteration of the ReSolve project, namely the Storm-water Innovation Competition. ReSolve itself relies upon a method developed in collaboration between the Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development and the Entrepreneurship Lab. This process, referred to as the ReSolve Process, consists of seven steps aimed at identifying and analysing key problems, creating visions and possible solutions, deciding and implementing solutions and finally assessing the results together. ReSolve Innovation Competition (RIC) The purpose of the ReSolve Innovation Competition (RIC) was to develop innovative solutions to address the storm-water challenges faced by Uppsala Municipality. Another goal was to increase the awareness of how an innovation competition can act as a catalyst for bringing new innovations into the marketplace. The initial four steps of the ReSolve Process were used to organise this competition (see figure 1). Figure 1. ReSolve Process, 2014 RESOLVE PRE-STUDY Snow flake To consider diverse sustainability aspects and indicators of symptoms ANALYSIS The RIC aimed to contribute to long-term sustainable development by encouraging collaborative and innovative approaches to sustainability challenges. The RIC was funded by Vinnova, a public agency for innovation systems with a mission to promote sustainable growth by improving the conditions for innovations, as well as funding needs-driven research. The RIC was coordinated by the Centre for Sustainable Development (CSD) at and Swedish University of Agricultural Science (SLU) from November 2014 to October The main partners of the RIC included Uppsala Municipality, Uppsala Water and seven local companies who have agreed to participate in the competition by teaming up with students. ASSESMENT PLAN & ACTION Assessment To assess the plan and action as well as revise the plan PDCA, Snap action To plan how to take action and implement the plan PROCESS TOOLS Snow flake and narrative To decide actions, time, and main responsible people DECISION POINT 2D-mapping To analyze the relationship between indicators PROTOTYPING FUTURES Creative drawing To imagine different desirable futures 3D-mapping To operate and prototype different actions in different time by different people VISUALIZATION Open-source innovation and competitions are very useful for generating a range of solutions to commonly perceived problems. Given the growing interest in sustainability and also the complexity of the questions involved, team-based competitions around specific projects should be an effective way of identifying new and useful solutions to pressing sustainability problems. Ivo Zander, Jury member This process is called the Re-Solve Process consisting of seven steps, 1) pre-study, 2) analysis, 3) visualization, 4) prototyping futures, 5) decision point, 6) plan and action and 7) assessment. 3 Read the masters thesis: Can Social Learning Help Facilitate Stormwater Management?, visit: FULLTEXT01.pdf 4 Read about Uppsala municipality (Uppsala Kommun in Swedish), visit: 5 Read about Uppsala Water (Uppsala Vatten in Swedish), visit: RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

5 Figure 2. Poster of ReSolve Innovation Competition, 2015 ReSolve Organisers SUBMIT INNOVATIVE IDEAS TO SOLVE UPPSALA S STORM WATER PROBLEM! Dagvatten Help us to find new methods for purifying the water from Tycho Hydéns väg in order to decrease the environmental impact on Fyris river Neil Powell / Project Leader Director of Centre for Sustainable Development-CSD Guest professor at Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development - SWEDESD Misol Kim / Project Creator CSD - Centre of Sustainable Development, Ph.D Candidate at Faculty of Education, Monash University Yoshiko Asano / Project Coordinator CSD - Centre of Sustainable Development, Ph.D, Academic research fellow and Part-time lecturer at Japan Women s University Lin Sang / Project Communicator, Website Developer CSD - Centre of Sustainable Development, Masters Degree in Information Systems, Stephan Larsson / Project Assistant Masters Degree in Sustainable Development, Masters Degree in Environmental Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Science Mario Sierra / Art Director Design Consultant at Next Kind of Art Partnership Companies PRIZE! Get the chance to implement Your idea in Uppsala municipality s storm water programme and present the idea at the conference on storm water management on Sardinia, Italy in October. For more details, please visit our webpage ÅF consult CMI AB Flexiclean AB Grontmij Rambøll AB Upwis WSP RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

6 How did the key question emerge? Twenty participants took part in the inception workshop that was held at Uppsala Municipality. The aim of the inception workshop was: (1) to gain a common understanding of storm-water issues in Uppsala and; (2) to formulate key questions that would foster the development of innovations to reconcile these issues by students participating in the ReSolve Innovation Competition (RIC). Even focus of the key questions has been changed, I thought that it was really interesting process to follow for choosing the key question for this RIC. In the process, social learning has happened when people meet people who has another perspective concerning about the storm-water problem. Especially on second workshop, it comes up building, bicycle and car issues from choosing the road in Uppsala and it was very interesting to know how all things are related to storm-water problem even focus on just the road. In this sense, I thought that it was good point to come up Road as a key word for think about stormwater problem from perspective of Sustainability. Yoshiko Asano, Project Coordinator During the first part of the inception workshop, the participants were briefed on the "Inner-core" strategy currently being developed at Uppsala Municipality. The storm-water problem was presented by officials from Uppsala Water, highlighting the issue from their perspective. In the second part of the workshop, the participants were divided into four groups and tasked with discussing alternatives for key questions to be posed to the RIC student teams. The different groups agreed that roads were the major cause of the poor storm-water quality in Uppsala. The final formulation of the key question was not completed and it was decided to meet again with fewer participants in order to narrow down the question. The second workshop was also held at Uppsala Municipality in February. At this event it was decided that the focus would be on three separate roads each with distinctive problems. It was agreed that the teams would choose which road required a storm-water solution. However, after meeting with representatives from VINNOVA it was decided that the competition would focus on one particular aspect of one location. Uppsala Municipality suggested focussing on one particular road (Tycho Hedéns väg, Uppsala, Sweden). Since Tycho Hedéns väg and its surrounding area are currently in the planning stages for a further project that would leave space for students to create the sustainable development design. Uppsala Municipality is planning to develop Tycho Hedéns väg and the surrounding land without increasing the impact on The Fyris River (Fyrisån in Swedish). They were looking for an innovative solution from students in order to Find new methods for purifying the water from Tycho Hedéns väg in order to decrease the environmental impact on Fyris River. Students ideas could help Uppsala Municipality decide how to allocate land in the future, especially which areas should be reserved for handling the storm-water. RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

7 How did student teams develop their ideas? The ReSolve Innovation Competition (RIC) encouraged students to take the lead during the course of the competition. The RIC suggested that student teams keep in touch with the competition organisers via the official ReSolve address. The RIC also offered flexible time management for participating teams since all the RIC events were not mandatory for participants. Student teams were able to select when, where and how to take part in the events. For the sake of convenience, the RIC provided most of their material on the ReSolve homepage, allowing easy accessibility for all parties involved. The municipality independently decided that focussing on one particular road (Tycho Hedéns väg) would be best since this stretch of road is currently in the planning stages for a larger project in the surrounding area and is due to be substantially developed, leaving room for students to be creative. I would say as a student competition, RIC pretty much encouraged students to communicate. We tried pretty hard to let students to contact us if they have questions in mind, but in fact they preferred face to face talk to solve the questions instead of chatting with us by . Student teams were pretty much passive when they got questions, they don't really like to solve it even though they wanted and hurried We also got some problem with the information unify from municipality. Their representatives presented different image on the storm-water problem. It confused students and us We discussed about this issue with different student teams. We wished to get a better way for communication in the next project. Probably organize more open chat event with municipality could be welcome Anyway, I believed that improve the communication efficiency will be more and more important into the process of ReSolve in the future. Lin Sang, Project Communicator 13 RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

8 THE ONE-DAY LECTURE ON STORM-WATER TEAM CONSULTATION THE SPEED DATING WORKSHOP The One-Day lecture on Storm-water was the first and largest event of the RIC and was created as an exchange platform for students and stakeholders of the RIC. BOX 1. Agenda for One-day Lecture at Uppsala University Introduction and Presentation of the ReSolve project and Innovation competition Neil Powell Presentation on Storm-water from an International perspective Lars Rydén Presentation of the key questions for the Innovation Competition Eleonore Albenius and Elin Eriksson Uppsala Municipality Presentation of the general water situation in Uppsala Pontus Cronholm and Jonathan Arnlund Uppsala Water Presentation on Storm-water Thomas Grabs Senior lecturer at Department of Earth Sciences, Program for Air, Water and Landscape Sciences; Hydrology, Presentation on Business and Marketing Ivo Zander BOX 2. The RIC Consultants Technology Thomas Grabs Senior lecturer at Department of Earth Sciences, Program for Air, Water and Landscape Sciences; Hydrology, Sustainability Daniel Bergquist Researcher, Division of Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Business Katarina Blomkvist and Gundula Lücke Department of Business Studies, Landscape Per Hedfors Research assistant, Division of Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences BOX 3. The Participant Stakeholders of Speed Dating Workshop Uppsala Municipality Lina Bornegrim Uppsala Water Pontus Cronholm and Jonathan Arnlund NGO(Naturskyddsföreningen 8 ) Per Hedberg IKEA Uppsala Therése Rönnbäck School Group (Rosendal gymnasium 9 ) Bert Eriksson General Public John Davis Students who were interested in the storm-water competition were invited to come listen to a number of professors from CSD Uppsala who presented various aspects of storm-water from local and international contexts. Experts from Uppsala Municipality and Uppsala Water were also present and briefed the participants on Uppsala s storm-water problems (see box 1 for the agenda of One-day Lecture). The RIC also invited representatives from the private sector to present their current storm-water related solutions. The RIC encouraged teams to consider the practical storm-water solutions rather than staying at the theoretical level. Therefore, the RIC encouraged student teams to build connections with private sector companies working with storm-water. The One-Day lecture provided the student teams with a broad introduction into storm-water, while at the same time encouraging them to construct their first ideas about how to resolve the storm-water problem in Uppsala. The One Day Lecture was an important part of the ReSolve Innovation Competition since it brought together a number of important stakeholders to share their ideas and inform each other on their perspectives on Storm-water Management. The Private Sector, Public Sector and Academia were invited to hold short lectures and were given relatively few instructions on what to talk about. This allowed each participant to cover the topic from their perspective and allowed the audience to gain greater insight into each stakeholders interests, motivations and experience. The event showed me that there are a number of different aspects to consider when dealing with storm-water and no participant covered them all. I felt that the day was valuable because it showed the need for stakeholders to come together and share their perspectives and allow new knowledge to develop through Social Learning. On the whole, I felt that the event was successful but that the One Day Lecture could have benefited from a question and answer session where the participants were allowed to engage with each other, rather than just holding a networking mingle afterwards. This would have facilitated a knowledge exchange and might have benefited the students more. The expected outcome of ReSolve Innovation Competition (RIC) was to create a sustainable storm-water solution which was implementable and has a commercial relevance for the municipality. Stephan Larsson, Project Assistant 15 RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

9 CHAPTER 2 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - FRAME OF REFERENCE TEAM CONSULTATION Team Consultation was the first attempt of the RIC THE SPEED DATING WORKSHOP The Speed Dating Workshop organised by the BOX 2. The RIC Consultants Technology Thomas Grabs Senior lecturer at Department of Earth Sciences, Program for Air, Water and Landscape Sciences; Hydrology, Sustainability Daniel Bergquist Researcher, Division of Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Business Katarina Blomkvist and Gundula Lücke Department of Business Studies, to use experts as a sounding- board for the student teams to gain feedback on their initial ideas. The RIC organised and selected a number of consultation subjects (Technology, Sustainability, Landscape, Business, Governance and Presentation 6 ) by collecting, analysing and discussing the student teams first ideas (see box 2 for The RIC Consultants). Using the competition website, student teams could select a suitable timeslot to meet a supervisor simply by ticking a box online. The RIC Consultants received praise from the student teams. Students remarked that they actually saved time and this allowed them to be more flexible when planning with fellow teammates before meeting with supervisors. In addition, segmenting the professional guidance also helped to further sharpen their idea. BOX 3. The Participant Stakeholders of Speed Dating Workshop Uppsala Municipality Lina Bornegrim Uppsala Water Pontus Cronholm and Jonathan Arnlund NGO(Naturskyddsföreningen 8 ) Per Hedberg IKEA Uppsala Therése Rönnbäck School Group (Rosendal gymnasium 9 ) Bert Eriksson RIC challenged our student teams to polish their ideas by responding to the critique offered by RIC s stakeholders (Uppsala Municipality and Uppsala Water), local company representatives (IKEA), non-government organizations (NGO), a local high school representative and the general public (see box 3). Unfortunately, IKEA and NGO representatives were not present at the workshop, although they showed a lot interest and support to the RIC. Student teams discussed their idea with one stakeholder group at a time, every seven minutes. Teams were given three minutes to present their idea and a further four minutes to quickly exchange ideas with the stakeholders. In order to complete the conversation within the allotted time, students had to hone their presentation skills and to deliver their message clearly. A representative of CADWAGO (an international climate change adaption and water governance research project supported by the European Global Challenges) was present at the workshop and commented that the RIC speed-dating workshop was Landscape Per Hedfors Research assistant, Division of Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences General Public John Davis a learning situation in a pressure-cooker, showing clearly that the relations developing between the students teams and the stakeholders had a great influence on the information shared and the quality of the discussion 7. CADWAGO, 2015 Figure 3. The ReSolve Homepage 6 Consultations on Governance and Presentation were not used in this competition. 7 Read about the Speed-dating Workshop with CADWAGO, visit: 8 Read about Naturskyddsföreningen, visit: naturskyddsforeningen.se/ 9 Read about Rosendal Gymnasium, visit RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

10 The speed-dating was actually very good because it helped us land. It was nice to talk things through and helped us calm down. Several things were good about meeting the coaches and selling our idea. All the stakeholders had completely different perspectives. It was a moment of realisation when you had to skip something you were meant to talk about because they were asking about something else. It helped us realise what we had missed out. It was announced that we were supposed to take everyone s interest into account, this helped us tailor our idea to the stakeholders. So that was good. Idea about the process of speed dating workshop. Filip Jennerholm Hammar from team SOLVED RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

11 What was the result of the Resolve Innovation competition? The expected outcome of ReSolve Innovation Competition (RIC) was to create a sustainable storm-water solution which was implementable and has a commercial relevance for the municipality. Design Figure 4. Sketch from the Winner Team SOLVED During the competition the jury met a total of four times before the final presentation took place. The jury developed an evaluation criteria which included ten areas (Technical feasibility, Sustainability, Adaptability to the landscape, Implement-ability, Inclusiveness (concern for stakeholders), Commercial potential, Functionality (multi-functionality), Cost-effectiveness, Novelty (creativity), and Presentation (oral and written)). The winner team did much better than the others since they actually went out there and looked at the conditions of the site... They particularly discussed access by bicycle, bus and car. The other teams focus more on cars. Everyone was very serious and it was very beneficial to meet university professors as well. At first the project was a little bit confusing, since nobody from Uppsala Municipality was really involved in ReSolve. So for me, it took a long time to understand these processes. As time passed and the RIC developed, it became more clear what our role was... Kristina Ekholm from Uppsala Water, Jury member Lars Rydén, Jury member Using the evaluation criteria, the Jury evaluated all five proposals and it was decided that the best proposal came from team SOLVED. The members of team SOLVED have different disciplinary backgrounds (Landscape, Physics, Biology and Sustainable Development) in and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU). They created their team proposal by drawing on multiple perspectives. Even though there was a lack of will to tackle the issue together with local companies. Later on there will be a lot of possibilities to tackle the issue with them in near future. Team SOLVED is a well-researched proposal that acknowledges the needs and challenges of multiple stakeholders. Through the course of the analysis of a storm-water issue they manage to come up with a resolution that tackles a number of goals underpinning a sustainable Uppsala. The SOLVED team address the problems of storm-water quality and quantity via an approach that fosters innovative, human centred and technical design. The Jury s comment on the winning team SOLVED RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

12 The student teams projects TEAM TAJB 25 TEAM INNO-VEW 29 TEAM GRÖNA GRANNAR 33 TEAM LINNAEUS 4D 36 TEAM SOLVED Winner Team 39 PHOTO: STEPHAN LARSSON RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

13 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM TAJB Team TAJB Agnes Forsberg Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Benjamin Selling Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Johan Karlsson Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Tilde Kamp Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Sustainable Storm-water Management for Tycho Hedéns Väg Team TAJB 25 RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

14 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM TAJB Figure 5. Five important parts of the solution: I. The buildings (green roofs and facades); II. The road (detention and diversion); III. The roundabouts (raingarden roundabouts); IV. The open spaces (storm-water park); V. The people (public integration). For many people reaching Uppsala from the south, the area around Tycho Hedéns väg is their first impression of the city. Today, the surroundings consist of heavy traffic, industry and shopping malls. In our design we want to give the area a more welcoming and attractive look. It should be place where you want to stop and explore, rather than just drive through. 1. Green Roofs & Facades Natural stormwater management Even out high flows lmproved air quality, increased biodiversity & acoustic buffering Rainwater harvesting 2. Detention and Diversion Swales and check dams Use area between traffic lanes Mitigate risk of flooding Safer pedestrian crossings Therefore, our proposal for the storm-water management will provide not only a solution for onsite treatment and detaining of water, but also ideas on how to use the water as a positive feature in the landscape. We have identified five important parts of the solution: the buildings (green roofs and facades), the road (detention and diversion), the roundabouts (raingarden roundabouts), the open spaces (storm-water park) and the people (public integration). Our design includes possibilities to use and connect all these parts in the storm-water system. In addition, our design considered the maintenance of the system. The design uses and includes parts of the city that we can see in every city, which means that our concept can also be used in many other cities with the same idea but with a special design for every location. The result of the TAJB concept is a holistic and sustainable solution to the storm-water problem. V. Public Integration Sustainable Storm-water Management for Tycho Hedéns Väg Team TAJB Spread knowledge School involvement and water sampling Theme playground Safe and decorative design lnvolving local artists Agnes Forsberg Johan Karlsson Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Benjamin Selling Tilde Kamp Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Purification and detention Rough surface flow paths Multifunctional areas Stormwater pond Use "useless" land Stormwater as positive landscape feature Infiltration, deterntion, purification 4. Stormwater Park 3. Raingarden Roundabout RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

15 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM INNO-VIEW Team Inno-view Erik Österberg Student at Computer Science, Uppsala University Veronika Wang Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Forest under the Bridge Team Inno-view Flexiclean Partnership Company 29 RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

16 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM INNO-VIEW Figure 6. Forest under Bridge Team Inno-view s idea for solving the storm-water problem is to construct an elevated road. The area under the road will feature a forest area. The elevated road would save time for people who travel in and out of Uppsala at the same time strengthening ties between Uppsala and other cities, while simultaneously also being part of a storm-water solution in Uppsala. The elevated road which curves at cross-sections and accumulates polluted water next to the road leading it into designated outlet-points. This polluted water flows into a drain, passes through a filter installed near the surface and finally out into a forested area. A forest area is not only useful for purifying water but also has a benificial water storage capacity. The forest area includes ponds and different vegetation which together improves purifying capabilities. The area can receive storm-water from the surrounding area such as the planned shopping district in order to improve the quality of the storm-water therein. The forest area includes also curved diches next to the area that making storm-water runoff possible during heavy rain. The main purpose of the idea is to connect nature and modern architecture together in a harmonious way to improve city life without compromising storm-water purification. Filterkassett Forest under the Bridge Team Inno-view Green-area Erik Österberg Student at Computer Science, Veronika Wang Student at masters programme and Environmental and Water Engineering, Flexiclean Partnership Company Lifting up Tycho Hydéns väg will separate traffic and the area below will be used to plant vegetation, this means that the land reserved for vegetation can be saved for something else such as a cycle-path, a pavement, a building or a shop, etc. Since the vegetation is concentrated in the middle of road this will improve the purifying and evaporating effect compared to having the vegetation separated by the street. The solution uses less space than before, and makes better use of the existing land. The raised road allows cars to keep a high speed on Tycho Hydéns väg. The development of businesses and shops in the area will take place near the park. This means there will be storm-water in these areas. The green-area can receive storm-water from these areas during the rainy season. The raised road can serve several functions in the future. Rail-cars can hang beneath the overpass or can travel on top of the overpass. RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

17 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM GRÖNA GRANNAR Team Gröna Grannar Josephine Haraldh Student at Pharmacy program, Uppsala University The Plant Tunnel Innovation Team Gröna Grannar Robin Al-Salehi Student at CSD Uppsala, 33 RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

18 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM INNO-VIEW Uppsala is a city that is experiencing a lot of problems with the annual high rainfall. This rainfall especially affects Tycho Hedéns väg in Uppsala which has now become a competition case where students are able to contribute with their ideas for how to solve this problem for Uppsala Municipality and Uppsala Water. To handle the precipitation that falls on that road and take care of the contamination from the road, the vision of Gröna Grannar is to build a plant tunnel (segments or connected). The plant tunnel would keep the storm-water away from the road and make sure that the storm-water will not be contaminated from the excess pollutants from traffic and the daily abrasion from the city, especially from the asphalt road and cars. The storm-water will be captured and the contamination will be purified by the vertical stone coffins (aka the pillars of the structure) with plants and the soil as much as possible, but also depend on the natural evapotranspiration that plants contribute with. Inside the tunnel, Gröna Grannar recommended solar roads because it offers LED markings, traffic sensors, crash sensors, heated roads during winter and of course provide electricity for itself. The plant tunnel will absorb CO 2 from the atmosphere and will be a carbon capturing structure in an emission intensive environment. It will clean the air from multiple particles such as benzene, formaldehyde, xylene, dust and other particles that form from everyday abrasion in the city through its plants and the soil. This tunnel will increase the biological diversity in the area by creating more natural spaces for animals. The increasing biological diversity in itself will also help manage water levels. Figure 7. The Green Plant Tunnel The Plant Tunnel Innovation Team Gröna Grannar Josephine Haraldh Student at Pharmacy programme, Robin Al-Salehi Student at CSD Uppsala, RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

19 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM LINNAEUS 4D Monitoring Modelling and Management Team Linnaeus 4D Team Linnaeus 4D want to take their idea to the next stage and are going to publish their proposal independently. Please look for their work in the future. Monitoring Modelling and Management Team Linnaeus 4D Felix Peniche Masters Degree in Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Johan Payton Business student, Jonas Allerup Masters Degree in Politics Magister in Economics, ICASSA Partnership Company Justin Makii Masters Degree in Sustainable Development, CSD Upssala, RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

20 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM SOLVED Team SOLVED Emelie Bergström Master Degree of Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) Filip Jennerholm Hammar Master Degree of Physics, From High Way to Green Way Team SOLVED Fran S.G. Pennynck Master Degree of Bioscience Engineering, Environmental Technology, Ghent University Martha Emanuilova Mancheva Master Degree of Sustainable Development and Environmental science, WINNER TEAM S WORK 39 RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

21 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM SOLVED ABSTRACT The design of team SOLVED tackles storm-water challenges of Tycho Hedéns väg in Uppsala, Sweden, by blending transportation infrastructure and social impact with a variety of green best management practices in a holistic and multi-functional system based on principles of sustainability. The proposed storm-water management system is strictly aligned with Vision Uppsala 2030 of Uppsala municipality. Winner Team s Work: From High Way to Green Way Team SOLVED Emelie Bergström Masters Degree in Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) Filip Jennerholm Hammar Masters Degree in Physics, Fran S.G. Pennynck Masters Degree in Bioscience Engineering, Environmental Technology, Ghent University Martha Emanuilova Mancheva Masters Degree in Sustainable Development and Environmental science, The main objective is to propose an integrated, nearly self-sufficient model based on small-scale treatment as close to the source of runoff as possible. It mimics natural hydrological systems and is fully integrated into pedestrian spaces, cycling lanes and green spaces. The techniques we are suggesting are organised as a set of practical modules under different methods for managing storm-water: infiltration, detention, drainage and evapotranspiration. Our system is designed in such a way that it easily can be applied anywhere in the world. It is scalable, and can be sequentially expanded as new needs arise. PROPOSAL Uppsala Municipality is currently in the planning phase of a project aimed at transforming and reshaping a section of road (Tycho Hedéns väg) along, including parts of the surrounding area. The Resolve challenge addresses two main problems that call for an innovative and creative redesign of the road. Furthermore, as team SOLVED follows the principles of sustainability and has adopted a holistic approach, some additional challenges have been tackled. The main problem is handling storm-water along the road (Tycho Hedéns väg) stretch in question, in particular when the system is overburdened by heavy precipitation. In such cases the current system is only able to bear and infiltrate excess water via roadside ditches. The area is characterized with clay soil, thus having a low hydraulic conductivity. As a result, infiltrated water flows very slowly through the soil and takes considerable time to reach groundwater reservoirs. During very heavy precipitation, excess water can t infiltrate nor be absorbed by vegetation, so it runs off, eventually leading to flooding. According to weather reports such weather events occur in Uppsala every ten years or so. At the same time climate change projections predict a higher occurrence rate of extreme weather. Hence, heavy precipitation is expected to happen in smaller intervals in the near future. RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

22 THE STUDENT TEAMS PROJECTS / TEAM SOLVED A second problem is the runoff of polluted water from roads. Roads have a very high runoff coefficient, between 0.70 to This means most of the precipitation falling on roads will run off. When water runs off towards the soil it carries pollutants along, washed away from the road. Road pollutants are diverse and include heavy metals, oil and grease, road salts, debris, etc. Such pollutants cause numerous environmental problems and have a negative impact on ecosystems and human health. These two elementary problems lead to the need for a robust solution, handling storm-water and minimize the environmental impact caused by the road (Tycho Hedéns väg). After a thorough analysis of the situation, team SOLVED decided that it is virtually impossible to handle storm-water challenges, environmental issues and traffic problems as isolated units. A sustainable solution with far-reaching impact and long-term functionality could only be achieved through integration of a holistic approach, systems thinking and a human-centered design. Tycho Hedéns väg is a vital thoroughfare for Uppsala and is part of the industrial-commercial complex of Boländerna. Currently, the area is highly unattractive and there is need to include people not only as users, but also as actors to contribute to sustainability. A successful storm-water management system should not only tackle challenges of excess storm-water and polluted runoff, but also serve as a ground to promote sustainable transporta- tion and social interaction. Outside of the scope of the posed challenge, but vital for our holistic design, team SOLVED identifies the potential of the road (Tycho Hedéns väg) to serve as the trademark entrance of Uppsala and a symbol of the sustainability efforts of Uppsala municipality. The proposed design attempts to avoid end-of-pipe solutions. Hereby the two problems posed by the Resolve Challenge are primarily addressed by this way of design. To ensure there is enough capacity to handle storm-water, the main goal is to avoid excess of water by all means. The excess of water is primarily caused by the presence of impermeable surfaces and can lead to flooding, erosion, habitat destruction, etc. Therefore, our design solution contains as few impermeable surfaces as possible and is as space-efficient as possible. Secondly, there is the challenge to treat polluted runoff road water in a sustainable way. As the rate of congestion is directly correlated with the rate of pollution of runoff, newly paved sections are to be avoided. The current traffic infrastructure is not sufficiently efficient. Hence, restructuring the design of traffic flow together with entry/exit points will allow narrower lanes and will further focus on permeable cycling and pedestrian lanes. Team SOLVED proposes an integrated and multifunctional storm-water system, thus the aim is to use and deal with the presence of (storm) water outside of the scope of the competition. The main characteristics of the SOLVED design are: Green storm-water management Social interaction Sustainable transportation Long-term perspective Examples of BMPs Adaptability A successful storm-water management system should not only tackle challenges of excess storm-water and polluted runoff, but also serve as a ground to promote sustainable transportation and social interaction. At the moment, the road serves predominantly car users, whereas cyclists and pedestrians are neglected. In the future, the number of automobile vehicles using the road is expected to rise. An effective storm-water strategy not only adapts to climate change, but also facilitates climate change mitigation. Resilience Trademark entrance to Uppsala Sustainable urban development The core of our design is an innovative road structure, in which suggested best management practices will be integrated to create a holistic, adaptable and resilient system. The proposed design of the road has the ability to handle storm-water and greatly reduce polluted runoff via green management systems. Storm-water can be used as a resource to perform eco-services. Furthermore, cyclists and pedestrians are given larger focus along with ensuring smooth and robust traffic flows. The proposed road design is as follows: the road is split in two parts by a greenway, which stretches alongside the middle of the two parts of the road. The greenway consists of a mix and match of BMPs adapted to solar radiation, precipitation, landscape characteristics and soil types all greatly having impact on the hydrological cycle. RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

23 1. Bike lanes and pedestrian space made of permeable surface. 2. Enterance and exit points for cyclists and pedestrians, which overpass the lanes on both sides as series of green carpeted bridges. 3. A side line of trees (Boulevard), mostly coniferous but mixed with broad leaf trees, on both sides of the greenway to create an uneven canopy. It is important to have a lot of evapotranspiration in the area, since this means less excess of water. Having an uneven canopy leads to a highly coupled ecosystem. This high coupling leads to more convection, which is realised by evapotranspiration. 4. Endemic plant species which, through phytoextraction, are able to sequester concentration of heavy metals and other suspended solids, and store them in their leaves and stems. 5. Rain gardens are by default engineered to use rainfall and storm-water runoff. Placed at strategic points they not only serve to handle storm-water, but also have a high aesthetic value. 6. Pocket parks along the stretch of the greenway. They not only reduce the burden of storm-water handling, but also serve as social interaction points for cyclists, pedestrians and possibly workers from the area. 7. Dual function detention ponds. These are designed with maximum space efficiency in mind. Since ponds usually take up quite some space, they serve as places for human interaction during dry periods. People like water - it is as simple as that. When storm-water becomes a dynamic component of the environment and storm-water management is not only effective, but also appealing to the senses, people also become more aware of their surroundings. Furthermore, granting equal access to pedestrians and cyclists increases the appeal of the area and facilitates mixed-mode commuting opportunities not only for people working in Boländerna, but also commuters coming in and out of Uppsala. Climate change is a serious problem in the world and concerns water. It is important to solve the storm-water problems and other related environmental questions. It is particularly important to compare water solutions with other countries. Everything is interconnected. We have learned a lot about storm-water from the Netherlands, Belgium and Denmark The Municipality values the ideas and input generated by students such as those from the RIC, but sometimes the students ideas do not really match reality, which is a shame. The Implementation of their visions is not so easy, but it was nice to see their ideas. Zahrah Lifvendahl, Uppsala Municipality, Jury Member Winner ceremony RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT

24 Jury Thank You On behalf of all of the organisers of the ReSolve Innovation Competition (RIC) we would like to extent our warmest thanks to all the involved participants. Firstly we would like to thank the officials at Uppsala Municipality and Uppsala Water for agreeing to co-host the competition as well as for their unwavering support throughout the process. Without you it would have been impossible to complete the Innovation Competition with such an excellent result. Secondly we would like to thank Vinnova for showing confidence in our competition proposal and granting us the opportunity to fulfil our vision. It is safe to say that without your support there would be no Innovation Competition. Thank you to all the members of the Jury. Your expertise and deliberations was certainly appreciated by everyone involved. Your decision has provided Uppsala Municipality and Uppsala Water with a fine piece of work upon which they can base their plans for Tycho Hydéns Väg. Neil Powell Director of Centre for Sustainable Development CSD Guest professor at Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development - SWEDESD Ivo Zander Professor at Department of Business Studies, Kristina Ekholm Investigation engineer Uppsala Water och Avfall AB Zahrah Lifvendahl Water strategist Uppsala Municipality A further thanks goes out to all the involved stakeholders in the Innovation Competition. Thank you to the General Public for your interest in this project. Sincere appreciation goes out to the private sector companies for your dedication and support to the competition and to the students. We would like to thank the academic staff of and the Swedish University of Agricultural Science for your support and the expertise shared with us and the students on numerous occasions. Finally a special thanks goes out to all participating students in the Innovation competition. We really enjoyed reading all of your innovative ideas and we are certain all of you have a very bright future ahead! Sincerely, The ReSolve Organisers Lars Rydén Professor Emeritus, Director of Baltic University Programme, CSD - Centre of Sustainable Development, Giuliano Di Baldassarre Professor at Department of Earth Sciences, Program for Air, Water and Landscape Sciences; Hydrology, RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT RESOLVE INNOVATION COMPETITION REPORT 2015

25 CSD Uppsala ReSolve Process This project was conducted as a joint effort of three organizations located in Uppsala; Centre for Sustainable Development Uppsala (CSD Uppsala), Uppsala Municipality and Uppsala Water