6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS

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1 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS Figure Tinted postcard entitled Sheep on Park Lands being a scene in the Light s Vision Paddock locality in Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 looking north-west towards Montefiore Road (note timber post and rail fencing at the rear), and Montefiore Hill, c Source: private collection 1097

2 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS This chapter summarises and draws recommendations as to appropriate heritage registrations for places/components identified and assessment in the course of this Assessment Study (2007). 1098

3 6.1 NATIONAL TRUST OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA REGISTER OF SIGNIFICANT TREES The National Trust of South Australia administers a Register of Significant Trees. The Register was established to document, record and recognise trees (tree/trees) of merit and the eligibility for inclusion on the Register is subject to a set of criterion. Inclusion upon the Register has no legal applicability under the Development Act There are but a few trees in the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares included on this Register, with the majority in the municipality either being within the Adelaide Botanic Garden or on private landholdings. Within each Park Land block and Square Assessment report, each Registered tree has been listed and identified. The complete Registration inventory for the municipality is set out in the following table. The following is the criterion used: (R) -isolated remnant of native vegetation or is a species or variety that is rated Rare, Endangered or Vulnerable, or is of very localised distribution (G) - horticultural or genetic value, possibly important as propagating stock, or cultivars particularly resistant to disease or exposure (J) - preserves the genetic stock of a listed tree (eg a seedling or cutting of a tree which is nearing the end of its lifespan), a juvenile of possible future significance (X) - other, (please describe) In terms of this Assessment Study (2007) numerous trees have been identified that have merit for inclusion under one or more of the above criterion. For the purposes of this documentation, each tree is individually recommended with the Assessment reports for each Park Land block and Square, and the reader should consult these inventories. Categorisation of merit under the one or more of the above criterion has not been carried out at this stage; rather tree specimens of merit and eligibility have been identified. Categories and sub-categories for nomination: The nominated tree(s) should be significant for one or more of the following reasons: (REFER TO THE QUESTION ON SIGNIFICANCE ON PAGE TWO OF THE NOMINATION FORM) 1. Natural value (remnant vegetation, habitat, maintain biodiversity): (R) - an isolated remnant of native vegetation or is a species or variety that is rated Rare, Endangered or Vulnerable (F) - provides valuable fauna habitat (eg hollows suitable for possums or a range of bird species) (X) - other, (please describe) 2. Historic / cultural value (Aboriginal, colonial, post-colonial, association with person or event, ethnic, community): (H) - commemorates or has associations with an important historical event (V) - significantly associated with a VIP or well known public figure, (eg planted by Royalty or prominent person) (E) - significantly associated with an aboriginal or ethnic group (P) - part of a private or public historic garden or park or town (C) - is or has been of importance in the life of the local community (X) - other, (please describe) 3. Aesthetic value (dimensions, age, character, physical features, landmark/landscape qualities): (B) - outstanding aesthetic beauty (D) - outstanding dimensions in height, or trunk circumference, or canopy spread (O) - very old or venerable (L) - occurs in a unique location or context, and thus provides a special contribution to the landscape, or is a landmark (T) - excellent example of topiary (Q) - curious growth forms or physical features either from natural causes, or pruning (X) - other, (please describe) 4. Endangered / rare (International, national, state, local, horticultural) 1099

4 Source: National Trust of South Australia, www,

5 6.2 CITY OF ADELAIDE LOCAL HERITAGE SIGNIFICANCE Under the City of Adelaide Development Plan (2007) the Corporation may list places and trees as possessing local heritage merit. The criterion for inclusion is contained in Section 23(4) of the state Development Act The criterion is as follows: Section 23 (4): A Development Plan may designate a place of local heritage value if: (a) it displays historical, economic or social themes that are of importance to the local area; or (b) it represents customs or ways of life that are characteristic of the local area; or (c) it has played an important part in the lives of local residents; or (d) it displays aesthetic merit, design characteristics or construction techniques of significance to the local area; or (e) it is associated with a notable local personality or event; or (f) it is a notable landmark in the area; or (g) in the case of a tree, it is of special historical or social significance or importance within a local area (Development Act 1993) There are several places presently as Local Heritage Places for the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares, and these are listed in the below table. In addition, Principle [296] of Development Control for Significant Trees, under the City of Adelaide Development Plan (2007, p. 86) implies that a tree or group of trees merits designation as a Significant Tree under the Plan where, in addition to the criteria contained in Section 23 (4) of the Development Act 1993, as follows: 296 Where a significant tree or group of trees: a. makes an important contribution to the character or amenity of the local area; or b. is indigenous to the local area and its species is listed under the National Parks and Wildlife Act as a rare or endangered native species; or c. represents an important habitat for native fauna; or d. is part of a wildlife corridor of a remnant area of native vegetation; or e. is important to the maintenance of biodiversity in the local environment; or f. forms a notable visual element to the landscape of the local area; development should preserve these attributes. Note: Trees or groups of trees are declared as significant in the provisions for the relevant Zone or Policy Area. A tree not listed or identified in the provisions for the relevant Zone of Policy Area may also be significant if it falls within the class of trees declared to be significant by the Development Regulations, 1993 (City of Adelaide Development Plan, 2007, p. 86). Note this criterion is the same criterion for the definition, evaluation and conservation of Significant Trees per se under the Development Act There are no trees or groups of trees presently listed under Principle 296 for the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares. The following places, per Park Land and Square, are presently listed as Local Heritage Places (City Significance) and (Townscape) and/or Significant Trees in the Park Lands and Squares, under the City of Adelaide Development Plan (2007) under the state Development Act 1993: 1101

6 Park/Address Description of Place and Elements of Heritage Value Section 23 (4) Development Act 1993 Criteria Certificate of Title Piltawoldi/Park 1 Padipadinyilla/Park 2 Kandarilla/Park 3 Kangattilla/Park 4 Ngampa Yerta/Park 5 Nanto Womma/Park 5 Kuntingga/Park 7 Barnguttilla/Park 8 Tidlangga/Park 9 Warnpangga/Park 10 Tainmundilla/Park 11 Carriageway entrance gates, Botanic Park, Hackney Road n/s Frome Road/Park 11A Karrawirra/Park 12 Statue of His Majesty King George V and Pedestal, Angas Gardens, Sir Edwin Smith Avenue n/s Kadlitpinna/Rundle/Park 13 War Horse Memorial Trough and Obelisk, Rundle Park, corner East Terrace and Botanic Road n/s Mullawirraburka/Rymill/Park 14 Ityamaiitpinna/Park 15 Bakkabakkandi/Park 16 Tuttangga/Park 17 Wita Wirra/Park 18 Pityarrilla/Park 19 Kurrangga/Park 20 Glover Playground Pavilion, South Park Lands, South Terrace n/s Walyo Yerta/Park 21 Minno Wirra/Park 21W Wikaparndo/Park 22 Wirranendi/Park 23 Tambawodli/Park

7 Narnungga/Park 25 Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 Tulya Wodli/Park 27 Pangki Pangki/Palmer Gardens/Park 28 Tandotittinga/Brougham Gardens/Park 29 Hindmarsh Square Hurtle Square Light Square North Terrace Tarndanyangga/Victoria Square Wellington Square Whitmore Square Memorial to Jah Gardener [sic.], Elder Park, King William Road n/s Victor Richardson Gates, Victor Richardson Road, off King William Road, Adelaide Oval n/s *Government House Gate House, Piers and Walling, North Terrace n/s 5760/637 *Nursing School, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Corner North Terrace and Frome Road n/s 5832/785 Note: * Places initially listed on the Register of City of Adelaide Heritage Items Source: City of Adelaide Development Plan (Consolidated - 17 May 2007 version), pp , Maps Adel/ n/s = not stated During the course of this Assessment Study (2007) several places were identified for inclusion as a Local Heritage Place and or as a Significant Tree. Accordingly, the following places and trees are recommended for inclusion as a Local Heritage Place or as a Significant Tree under the City of Adelaide Development Plan (2007) (Note: Existing registrations are included in italics, and the same listing nomenclature used in each Assessment section per Park Land and Square is used in the below table for cross-referencing): 1103

8 Park/Address Description of Place and Elements of Heritage Value Section 23 (4) Development Act 1993 & Principal 296 City of Adelaide Development Plan (2007) Criteria Piltawoldi/Park 1 Piltawodli/Park 1 Upper Carriage Drive including all Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Hill s Weeping Fig (Ficus 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) microcarpa var hillii), Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), English Oak (Quercus robur), Algerian Oak (Quercus canariensis), and Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), Lemon-scented Gum (Corymbia citriodora) specimens generally and specifically listed in the Assessment inventory Montefiore Road Lemon-scented Gum (Corymbia citrodora) corridor & Specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Strangways Terrace Iron Fence Posts 23 (4) (a) (d) Strangways Terrace Galvanised Iron Fence Post 23 (4) (a) (d) Upper Park 1 Carriage Drive Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Upper Park 1 Carriage Drive Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Cork Oak (Quercus suber) (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Cork Oak (Quercus suber) (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Mid South Course Indian Coral Tree (Erythrina indica) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Barton Terrace Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Mill Terrace Tennis Court (1) including surface and fencing] 23 (a) (c) (d) Kaffir Plum (Harpephyllum caffrum) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Jeffcott Street Visual Outlook 23 (4) (d) Montefiore Road Corridor 23 (4) (f) North Course Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) plantation 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Hill Street Visual Outlook 23 (4) d) Mills Terrace Canary Island Pines (Pinus canariensis) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Montefiore Hill Views 23 (4) (d) Fairway 1 North Vista 23 (4) (d) Strangways Terrace Olive (Olea europaea) grove 23 (4) (a) (b) (g); 296 (a) (f) Stone Pine (Pinus pinea) specimens 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Angophora (Angophora costata) grove 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Mid South Course Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) West South Course Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Padipadinyilla/Park 2 Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Kandarilla/Park 3 Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Kangattilla/Park 4 Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis) grove 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grove 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Lehmann s Gum (Eucalyptus lehmannii) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) plantation 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Kangattilla/Park 4 SA Water earthen-covered reservoir 23 (4) (a) (f) Ngampa Yerta/Park 5 River She-oak (Allocasuarina cunninghamiana) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Nanto Womma/Park 6 LeFevre Terrace Playground including fencing, spatial arrangements, Glover Playground, Fence Post, hedging, 23 (4) (a) (b) (c) extant trees Kingston Terrace Sugar (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) and River Red (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) woodland 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (e) (f) Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis) avenue 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) specimens 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Central Gate 23 (4) (b) Central East Gate 23 (4) (b) Southern Gate 23 (4) (b) Certificate of Title 1104

9 Kuntingga/Park 7 Barnguttilla/Park 8 Tidlangga/Park 9 Warnpangga/Park 10 Tainmundilla/Park 11 Frome Road/Park 11A Karrawirra/Park 12 South-Western Gate 23 (4) (b) LeFevre Terrace East Outlook 23 (4) (f) Nanto Womma/Park 6 Agistment Paddock 23 (4) (a) (b) (c) Wrought iron gate posts (2 pair posts) 23 (4) (a) (d) Galvanised iron fence posts ( posts) 23 (4) (a) (d) Bundeys Road East Vista 23 (4) (f) MacKinnon Parade Tan Promenade 23 (4) (a) (d) Sandcarters Road reserve 23 (4) (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Pear Tree (Pyrus calleryana) grove 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) Swamp Paperbark (Melaleuca ericifolia) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (3) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Lemon-scented Gum (Corymbia citriodora) plantation 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Kaffir Apple (Dovyalis caffra) hedge 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Athel Pine (Tamarix aphylla) specimens 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (5) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Corporation Nursery 23 (4) (a) (b) (f) Warnpangga/Park 10 East Vista 23 (4) (d) Warnpangga/Park 10 West Vista 23 (4) (d) Frome Road North Vista 23 (4) (d) Frome Road North Vista 23 (4) (d) Carriageway entrance gates, Botanic Park, Hackney Road n/s River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri riverscape 23 (4) (f) Sandcarters Road reserve 23 (4) (a) (b) (f) Former Botanic Gardens site 23 (4) (a) (b) Statue of His Majesty King George V and Pedestal, Angas Gardens, Sir Edwin Smith Avenue n/s Torrens Parade Ground Escarpment 23 (4) (b) (f) River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri Watercourse & Lake 23 (4) (a) (b) (c) (f) Grundy Gardens Pathways 23 (4) (d) University Footbridge Access 23 (4) (d) Victoria Drive 23 (4) (a) (d) Town Clerk s Walk 23 (4) (a) Roberts Place Palm specimens 23 (4) (a) (d) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (1) 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) English Elm (Ulmus procera) specimen 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (2) 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) grove 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) Bunya Bunya (Araucaria bidwillii) specimen 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (3) 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) Kaffir Apple (Dovyalis caffra) hedge 23 (4) (a) (b) (g); 296 (a) Camphor Tree (Cinnamomum camphora) specimen (1) 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (3) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 1105

10 Kadlitpinna/Park 13/Rundle Park Mullawirraburka/Park 14/Rymill Park River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (4) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Seven Palm Trees 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Two Canary Island Pines (Pinus canariensis) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) River She Oak (Allocasuarina verticillata) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Bunya Bunya (Araucaria bidwillii) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Queensland Kauri Tree (Agathis robusta) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Captain Cook Pine (Araucaria columnaris) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) specimen (2) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (5) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis) & Canary Island Pine (Pinus canariensis) Grove 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) specimen (3) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Torrens Parade Ground Palms 23 (4) (a) (b) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Torrens Parade Ground London Planes (Platanus x acerifolius) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pioneer Womens Memorial Garden Italian Poplars (Populus nigra Italica ) 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pioneer Womens Memorial Garden Italian Cypresses (Cupressus sempervirens) 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Torrens Parade Ground Cotton Palms (Washingtonia robusta) 23 (4) (a) (b) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pioneer Womens Memorial Garden Holm Oaks (Quercus ilex) 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Cotton Palm (Washingtonia robusta) specimen 23 (4) (a) (b) (d) (f); 296 (a) (f) Grundy Gardens 23 (4) (a) (c) (d) (f) Pathway of Honour 23 (4) (a) (b) (c) (f) McEwin War Memorial Drive Arboretum 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Christian Brothers College Boathouse 23 (4) (a) (b) Prince Alfred College Boathouse 23 (4) (a) (b) Popeye s Boathouse 23 (4) (a) (b) Torrens Rowing Club Boathouse 23 (4) (a) (b) Jolley s Boathouse 23 (4) (a) (b) Lamp Post 23 (4) (d) South Australian Naval Memorial Garden 23 (4) (a) (d) South Australian Naval Memorial Garden Anchor & Plaque 23 (4) (a) (d) Phineas Philip Davies Memorial 23 (4) (a) (d) Gates 23 (4) (a) (b) University Footbridge Light Standards 23 (4) (d) University Footbridge South Lamp Standards 23 (4) (d) Grundy Gardens sign 23 (4) (d) University Footbridge north-eastern lamp standard 23 (4) (d) Grundy Gardens Lamps 23 (4) (d) Torrens Parade Ground Escarpment Fence 23 (4) (a) (b) Torrens Parade Ground perimeter fencing 23 (4) (a) (b) Frome Road Drain Exit 23 (4) (a) (b) Red Granite Kerb 23 (4) (a) (b) University Footbridge east lamp standard 23 (4) (d) Pathway of Honour east-west vista 23 (4) (f) War Horse Memorial Trough and Obelisk, Rundle Park, corner East Terrace and Botanic Road n/s White Cedar (Melia azedarach var australasica) pathway, allée, and trees 23 (4) (a) (d) (g); 296 (a) (f) Lemon-scented gum (Corymbia citriodora) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Waterworks Octagonal Structure 23 (4) (a) (d) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Rymill Lake 23 (4) (a) (d) Former Tramline Embankment 23 (4) (a) 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 1106

11 White Cedar (Melia azedarach var australasica) alleé (1) & (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) f) Conybeare s Cypress (Cupressus conybearii) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Lemon-scented Gum (Corymbia citriodora) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Carey Gully Stone-Faced Kiosk (Rymill Lake) 23 (4) (d) Rose Garden Opening Bronze Plaque 23 (4) (a) (d) Rose Garden White Granite Sundial 23 (4) (a) (d) Piccanniny Statue 23 (4) (d) Alice in Wonderland Statue 23 (4) (d) Rymill Lake Island Footbridges 23 (4) (d) Bridgland Fountain 23 (4) (d) Catholic Community First Mass Memorial 23 (4) (a) Ityamaiitpinna/Park 15 Bakkabakkandi/Park 16 Olive (Olea europaea) Grove 23 (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) East Park Lands Playground, including signage, some facilities, toilet/shelter 23 (4) (a) (d) Pepper Tree (Schinus aeria var molle) alleé and tree corridor 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) South Australian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus leucoxylon) alleé 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Desert Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia var oxycarpa) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Wakefield Road East Vista 23 (4) (f) Wakefield Road West Vista 23 (4) (f) Victoria Park Racecourse Circuit 23 (4) (a) (b) (c) (f) Victoria Park Racecourse Facilities, including Grandstand, shelter sheds, ticket boxes, fencing, etc., overall 23 (4) (a) (b) (c) Beaumont Drive 23 (4) (a) (d) East Terrace Carriage Drive 23 (4) (a) (d) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens overall 23 (4) (a) (b) (c) (d) (g) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Canary Island Palm (Phoenix canariensis) (1) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Fullarton Road Olive (Olea europaea) Grove 23 (4) (b) (g); 296 (a) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Canary Island Palm (Phoenix canariensis) (2-4) specimens 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Rose (Rosa ssp) hedge 23 (4) (b) (g); 296 (a) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Golden Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium Aureum ) hedge 23 (4) (b) (g); 296 (a) Victoria Park Racecourse Walling 23 (4) (b) (d) Victoria Park Racecourse Fullarton Road Entrance Gate 23 (4) (b) (d) Victoria Park Racecourse Timber Seating 23 (4) (b) (d) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Beer Stand 23 (4) (b) (d) Upper Botanic Creek Watercourse (2) 23 (4) (d) Victoria Park Racecourse Grandstand Entrance Gate 23 (4) (b) (d) (f) Victoria Park Racecourse Jockey Club Offices 23 (4) (b) (d) Victoria Park Racecourse Jockey Club Doors 23 (4) (d) North Western Olive (Olea europaea) Grove 23 (4) b) East Terrace Beaumont Road Plantation Corridor 23 (4) f) (g); 296 (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) line 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Wakefield Road River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) line 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) East Terrace River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) line 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Fullarton Road Queensland Bottle-tree (Brachychiton ruprestris) plantation 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Fullarton Road River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) plantation 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) grove 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis ssp camaldulensis) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Wakefield Road Vista Corridor 23 (4) (d) (f) Victoria Park Racecourse Amphitheatre 23 (4) (d) (f) Halifax Street Visual Corridor 23 (4) (f) 1107

12 Tuttangga/Park 17 Wita Wirra/Park 18 Pityarrilla/Park 19 Kurrangga/Park 20 Walyo Yerta/Park 21 Fullarton Road East Vista 23 (4) (f) Greenhill Road East Vista 23 (4) (f) Desert Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia var oxycarpa) Avenue 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Former Glenelg Reservoir 23 (4) (a) (b) (f) Croquet SA Kaffir Apple (Dovyalis caffra) hedge 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) South Terrace Croquet Grounds Kaffir Apple (Dovyalis caffra) hedge 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis ssp camaldulensis) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) English Oak (Quercus robur) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimens 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) London Plane (Platanus x acerifolius) ring 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) line 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Glen Osmond Road Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) Avenue 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Former Glenelg Reservoir Fencing 23 (4) (a) (d) South Park Lands Creek Drain Exit 23 (4) (d) Osmond Garden (including palm spp collection and excluding Himeji Garden) 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Golden Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium Aureum ) hedge 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Glen Osmond Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) Avenue 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Glen Osmond Road Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) Avenue & Corridor 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Ponder Avenue Drainage Line 23 (a) (b) Desert Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia var oxycarpa) Pedestrian Avenue 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) English Elm (Ulmus procera) Pedestrian Avenue 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Ponder Avenue Cycle Track 23 (4) (d) Glen Osmond Road Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) Avenue (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Glen Osmond Road Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) Avenue (2) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pityarrilla/Park 19A Small-leaved Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus platypoda) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Unley Road Olive (Olea europaea) specimen 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) specimens (3-6) 23 (4) (b) (d) (g); 296 (a) Glen Osmond Road Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) tree Avenue & Visual Corridor 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f Glover Playground Pavilion, South Park Lands, South Terrace n/s Sellar Avenue & White Cedar (Melia azedarach var australasica) Pedestrian Avenue 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Olive (Olea europaea) Grove 23 (4) (b) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) Grove A including all Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Carob (Ceratonia siliqua), Canary Island 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pine (Pinus canariensis), Bunya Bunya (Araucaria bidwillii), Hoop Pine (Araucaria cunninghamiana), Himalayan Cypress (Cupressus torulosa), River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), South Australian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus leucoxylon), and Olive (Olea europaea) specimens within this grove South Kurrangga/Park 20 Closed Woodland including all River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) and South 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (e) (f) Australian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus leucoxylon) specimens Stone Pine (Pinus pinea) specimens 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Golden Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) specimens 23 (4) (d) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) Grove B including all Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) and Canary 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Island Pine (Pinus canariensis) specimens within this grove Hoop Pine (Araucaria cunninghamian) specimens 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Bunya Bunya Pine (Araucaria bidwillii) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Glover Playground including Golden Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) specimens, opening plaque, fencepost, rectangular 23 (4) (a) (b) (d) (e) (g); 296 (a) (f) space, gate/sign, and Shelter Veale Gardens (including the entire Gardens precinct and embracing all tree plantings, garden flower bed 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 1108

13 Minno Wirra/Park 21W Wikaparndo Wirra/Park 22 Wirranendi/Park 23 Tambawodli/Park 24 Narnungga/Park 25 configurations, the main rose (Rosa ssp) garden, Conservatory, Pavilion Restaurant structure, mounds and watercourse, footbridges and grottos (1-6), entrance plaque, pathways, signage, Pavilion axis line, Bronze Animal Heads Fountain, The Couple, Pan, Footbridges (1-4), Sir Josiah Henry Symon White Marble Sundial including all pre-1960s tree plantings undertaken by O Brien and Pelzer in the Gardens precinct including River Red Gums (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), Aleppo Pines (Pinus halepensis), Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa/ Aurea ), Canary Island Pine (Pinus canariensis), Himalayan Cypress (Cupressus torulosa), Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) specimens, and excluding all post- 1960s additions Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) Clump 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Corkscrew Willow (Salix matsudana Tortuosa ) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Brown Pine (Podocarpus elatus) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis) Grove 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Canary Island Pine (Pinus canariensis) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (2) 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Peacock Road Ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon Rosea ) Avenue 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Veale Gardens Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Veale Gardens Rose (Rosa ssp) Garden 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Golden Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa Aurea ) specimens 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Veale Gardens Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Veale Gardens Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen (3) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Veale Gardens Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen (4) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Golden Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa Aurea ) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Golden Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) Avenue 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (6) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (12) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) South Australian Army Nurses Fund Memorial Seat Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) pedestrian Avenue 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Stone Pine (Pinus pinea) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Princess Elizabeth Children s Playground 23 (4) (b) Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis) Grove 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Black Tea-tree (Melaleuca lanceolata) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Prickly Paper Bark (Melaleuca styphelioides) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Kingston Gardens Bandstand 23 (4) (a) (b) (d) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) Grove (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) Grove (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (3) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Tambawodli Hollow 23 (4) (b) (d) (g); 296 (a) (e) (f) Bureau of Meteorology Memorial 23 (4) (a) Newmarket Corner East Vista 23 (4) (f) Newmarket Corner North-West Vista 23 (4) (f) Adelaide Plan Survey Point 23 (4) (a) (d) Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Canary Island Palm (Phoenix canariensis) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 1109

14 Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 Canary Island Palm (Phoenix canariensis) specimen (2) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Himalayan Cypress (Cupressus torulosa) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Stone Pine (Pinus pinea) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (g) ; 296 (a) Sydney Angophora (Angophora costata) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Bowling Club Cotton Palms (Washingtonia filifera) specimens 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) SA Water Thebarton Depot Lemon-scented Gum (Corymbia citriodora) specimen (1) 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) SA Water Thebarton Depot Lemon-scented Gum (Corymbia citriodora) specimen (2) 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) East Terrace Pepper Trees (Schinus aeria var molle) line (1) 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) East Terrace Pepper Trees (Schinus aeria var molle) line (2) 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) East Terrace Pepper Trees (Schinus aeria var molle) line (3) 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) South Australian Railways Institute War Memorial 23 (4) (a) (f) Newmarket Corner North-West Vista 23 (4) (f) Newmarket Corner South-East Vista 23 (4) (f) North Terrace East Vista 23 (4) (f) Memorial to Jah[n] Gardener [sic.], Elder Park, King William Road, n/s including associated plaque Victor Richardson Gates, Victor Richardson Road, off King William Road, Adelaide Oval n/s Barr Smith Walk 23 (4) (a) Creswell Gardens Pathway 23 (4) (a) (b) Pennington Gardens West Pathway 23 (4) (a) (b) White Cedar (Melia azedarach var australisica) Avenue & Pathway 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Adelaide Oval External Fencing 23 (4) (a) Montefiore Hill Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) cluster of 14 trees (3-16) 23 (4) (a) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pennington Terrace River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pennington Terrace southern Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (17) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pennington Terrace western Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (18) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Plane Tree (Platanus orientalis) Avenue 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (20) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (21) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Small-leaved Fig (Ficus platypoda) (1) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Small-leaved Fig (Ficus platypoda) (2) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimens (22-23) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (24) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) creepers (1) 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) George Giffen + Sir Edwin Smith + Mostyn Evans Stands Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) creepers (2) 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Kaffir Apple (Dovyalis caffra) hedge 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Chusan Palm (Trachycarpus fortuneii) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Olive (Olea europaea) specimen (1) 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Cotton Palm (Washingtonia robusta) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Kauri (Agathis robusta) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimens (1-2) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Wine Bottle Tree (Jubaea spectabilis) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Chusan Palm (Trachycarpus fortuneii) specimen (3) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Banana (Musa acuminuata) clump 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) King William Road English Elm (Ulmus procera) & Oriental Plane (Platanus orientalis) Avenue 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (2) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pinky Flat Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (35) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 1110

15 Tulya Wodli/Park 27 River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (3) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pinky Flat Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (36) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) specimen (4) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) English Elm (Ulmus procera) corridor (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen (2) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Cotton Palm (Washingtonia robusta) group 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pepper Tree (Schinus aeria var molle) specimens (4-5) 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Pepper Tree (Schinus aeria var molle) specimens (6-7) 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Adelaide Oval Bowling Club Green 1 Precinct 23 (4) (a) (b) Adelaide Oval Bowling Club Green 2 Precinct 23 (4) (a) (b) Justice FE Piper Stand 23 (4) (b) (d) AJ Roberts Stand 23 (4) (b) (d) Adelaide Oval Bowling Clubrooms 23 (4) (b) (d) Adelaide Oval Bowling Cub Meeting Room 23 (4) (b) (d) Duke of Cornwall & York Tree Plaque (1) 23 (4) (e) Duchess of Cornwall & York Tree Plaque (1) 23 (4) (e) Morphett Street Bridge Plaque (3) 23 (4) (a) (d) Queen Elizabeth II Plaque 23 (4) (a) (e) The limits of my language mean the limits of my world art installation 23 (4) (d) Tree Root Sculpture 23 (4) (d) River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri Bridge Memorial 23 (4) (a) (c) The Billabong, including The Billabong terraced garden 23 (4) (a) (e) (f) River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri River Corridor from Morphett Street Bridge to Hindmarsh Bridge on Port Road 23 (4) (a) (c) (d) (f) Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) Corridor 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Adelaide Plan Survey Point 23 (4) (c) Swamp Cypress (Taxodium distictum) mature specimen and two small specimens 23 (4) (d) (g); 296 (a) (f) Western Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) Grove 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) plantation 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Golden Elm (Ulmus procera van Houttei ) specimen 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) American Ash (Fraxinus americana) plantation 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grove 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) plantation 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Eastern Holm Oak (Quercus ilex) Grove 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Adelaide Railway Yards Mexican Washingtonia (Washingtonia filifera) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Adelaide Railway Yards Cotton Palm (Washingtonia robusta) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) North Terrace Plantation Olive (Olea europaea) specimens 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) (f) Hill s Weeping Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Hill s Weeping Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii) specimen (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) War Memorial Drive (eastern middle) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimens 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) War Memorial Drive Stone Pine (Pinus pinea) specimen 23 (4) (d) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Hill s Weeping Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii) specimen 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Piltawodli Moreton bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) War Memorial Drive (middle) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (a) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Lake Torrens Himalayan Cypress (Cupressus torulosa) specimens 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Bonython Park Circular Pond 23 (4) (d) Bonython Park Refreshment Centre 23 (4) (d) 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 1111

16 Palmer Gardens/ Pangki Pangki/Park 28 Brougham Gardens/ Tandotittinga/Park 29 Hindmarsh Square Central Bonython Park Toilet Pavilion 23 (4) (d) Wrought Iron Strip Metal Gate 23 (4) (b) (d) Concrete Well Foundation 23 (4) (b) (d) Small Wrought Iron Foot Gate 23 (4) (b) (d) Totem Pole 23 (4) (f) Concrete Water Fountain 23 (4) (d) Jubilee Playground Water Fountain 23 (4) (d) North Adelaide Station Road slate edgings 23 (4) (b) (d) Port Railway Line Culvert 23 (4) (b) (d) Thomas Allen Plaque & Boulder 23 (4) (a) (e) Colonel Light Survey Memorial 23 (4) (a) (d) Piltawodli Memorial 23 (a) (d) Lake Torrens Restaurant Vista 23 (4) (f) Palmer Place footpath 23 (4) (d) Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Date Palms (Phoenix dactylifera) specimens (1-2) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Camphor Tree (Cinnamomum camphora) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Mexican Washingtonia Palm (Washingtonia robusta) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Cotton Palm (Washingtonia filifera) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Funeral Cypress (Cupressus funebris) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Palmer Place West Outer Slate Guttering & Kerbing 23 (4) (d) Palmer Place West Inner Slate Kerbing 23 (4) (d) Palmer Place North Inner Slate Kerbing 23 (4) (d) Verdalia Bettle (Rodalis cardinalis) seat 23 (4) (e) Kermode Street Vista 23 (4) (f) O Connell-Melbourne Streets pathway 23 (4) (d) O Connell-Stanley Streets pathway 23 (4) (d) Brougham Place pathway 23 (4) (d) Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea chilensis) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Olive (Olea europaea) specimen (1) 23 (4) (b) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Carob Tree (Ceratonia siliqua) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea chilensis) specimen (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) specimens 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea chilensis) specimen (3) 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Brougham Gardens pathways 23 (4) (d) Metal Garden Strips 23 (4) (b) (d) King William Street South Vista 23 (4) (f) North Adelaide Hotel Vista 23 (4) (f) King William Street South-East Vista 23 (4) (f) Brougham Gardens East Vista 23 (4) (f) Brougham Place South Vista 23 (4) (f) Brougham Place East Vista 23 (4) (f) South East Quadrant Golden Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) Pathway 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (1) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Small-leaved Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus platypoda) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) 6.0 RECOMMENDATIONS 1112

17 Hurtle Square Light Square North Terrace Tarndanyangga/Victoria Square Captain Cook Pine (Araucaria columnaris) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen (3) 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Pink Kurrajong (Brachchiton x populneo-acerifolius) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Marri (Corymbia calophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (f) Captain Cook Pine (Araucaria columnaris) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen A 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen B 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen C 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen D 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4)(f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Rusty Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4)(f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Rusty Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) specimen 23 (4)(f) (g); 296 (a) (f) *Government House Gate House, Piers and Walling, North Terrace n/s 5760/637 *Nursing School, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Corner North Terrace and Frome Road n/s 5832/785 North Terrace Promenade overall 23 (4) (a) (c) (d) (f) Main North Terrace Northern Walkway 23 (4) (b) (d) Secondary North Terrace Northern Walkway 23 (4) (b) (d) Royal Adelaide Hospital complex walling 23 (4) (d) North Terrace Desert Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia var oxycarpa) & Oriental Plane (Platanus orientalis) tree avenues 23 (4) (d) Camphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) London Plane (Platanus x acerifolius) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosifolia) specimen (1) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosifolia) specimen (2) 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) (f) Lilly-pilly (Syzygium australe) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (a) University of Adelaide Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Two Paragon Lamp Standards 23 (4) (d) Four Paragon Lamp Standards 23 (4) (d0 Pink Granite Edging 23 (4) (d) King William Street Junction East Vista 23 (4) (f) King William Street Junction West Vista 23 (4) (f) King William Street Junction South Vista 23 (4) (f) King William Street Junction North Vista 23 (4) (f) Frome Road Junction North Vista 23 (4) (f) Ayers House Vista 23 (4) (f) Adelaide Botanic Garden Main Gates Vista 23 (4) (f) Napier Building Vista 23 (4) (f) Pulteney Street South Vista 23 (4) (f) Bonython Building Vista 23 (4) (f) Mitchell Building Forecourt Vista 23 (4) (f) North Terrace Promenade Vista 23 (4) (f) Government House Western Vista 23 (4) (f) Tarndanyangga/Victoria Square Nomenclature 23 (4) (a) Pink Kurrajong (Brachychiton x populneo-acerifolius) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) Desert Ash (Fraxinus oxycarpa) specimen 23 (4) (a) (g); 296 (a) The Three Rivers Fountain 23 (4) (d) (f) King William Street North Vista 23 (4) (a) King William Street South Vista 23 (4) (a) 1113

18 Wellington Square Whitmore Square Wellington Square spatial patterns 23 (4) (d) (f) Wellington Square park use 23 (4) (d) (f) Wellington Square road system 23 (4) (d) (f) Wellington Square pathway system 23 (4) (d) (f) Pink Kurrajong (Brachychiton x populneo-acerifolius) specimen 23 (4) (g); 296 (f) Wellington Square Inner & Outer West Gutters & Kerbing 23 (4) (b) (d) Wellington Square Inner & Outer North Gutters & Kerbing 23 (4) (b) (d) Whitmore Square 23 (4) (a) (f); 296 (a) (f) Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) specimen 23 (4) (f) (g); 296 (a) (f) 1114

19 6.3 STATE HERITAGE SIGNIFICANCE Under the state Heritage Places Act 1993 the Minister for Environment and Heritage may list places in the State Heritage Register as possessing heritage merit. The criterion for inclusion is contained in Section 16 of the state Heritage Places Act Under Section 16 of the state Heritage Places Act 1993, a place is of State heritage value if it satisfies one or more of the following criterion: (a) it demonstrates important aspects of the evolution or pattern of the State s history (b) it has rare, uncommon or endangered qualities that are of cultural significance (c) it may yield information that will contribute to an understanding of the State s history, including its natural history (d) it is an outstanding representative of a particular class of places of cultural significance (e) it demonstrates a high degree of creative, aesthetic or technical accomplishment or is an outstanding representative of particular construction techniques or design characteristics (f) it has strong cultural or spiritual associations for the community or a group within it. (g) it has a special association with the life or work of a person or organisation or an event of historical importance This criterion is applicable for both heritage places and State Heritage Areas. There are no State Heritage Areas applicable for the Adelaide Park Lands and Square, however, there are several individual places registered. The following places are presently listed as State Heritage Places in the Park Lands and Squares under the state Heritage Places Act 1993: 1115

20 Park/Address Description of Place File Number Certificate of Title Piltawoldi/Park 1 Padipadinyilla/Park 2 Kandarilla/Park 3 Kangattilla/Park 4 Ngampa Yerta/Park 5 Nanto Womma/Park 6 Kuntingga/Park 7 Mann Terrace /84 Barnguttilla/Park 8 Mann Terrace /84 Tidlangga/Park 9 Warnpangga/Park 10 Tainmundilla/Park 11 Albert Bridge over River Torrens (Metal Girder) /84, 5707/712, 5754/510 East Lodge A (Former Part of Lunatic Asylum), Botanic Road, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, / , 13643, 13644, 13645, [sic.] National Wine Centre of Australia Administration Building ( Yarrabee House ) (Former Lunatic Asylum Medica /650 Officer s Residence), Botanic Road [sic.] Main Gates and Walling, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13649, 13650, 13651, 14527, (general file) /623 Head Keeper s Cottage, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13648, 13649, 13650, 13651, (general file) /623 Rotunda, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13648, 13650, 13651, (general file) /623 Elephant House, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13648, 13649, 13651, (general file) /623 Office (Former Director s Residence), Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13648, 13650, 13651, /623 (general file) Former Municipal Tramways Trust (Mtt) Hackney Tram (Later Bus) Depot, including the Goodman Building & Tram /226 Barn (Now Plant Biodiversity Centre), Hackney Road, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13645, 13669, [sic.] Main North Terrace Gates, North Terrace, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, / , 13645, 13669, 17067) Stone Wall Along Botanic Road, Botanic Road, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, 12349, 13641, / , 13644, 13645, 13669) Palm House Conservatory, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13644, / , , 17067) [sic.] Morgue (Former Lunatic Asylum Dead House), Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, / , 13643, 13644, 13645, 13669, 17067) [sic.] Simpson Kiosk, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10640, 10843, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13644, 13645, / , 17067) [sic.] Rose Garden Fountain, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10640, 10842, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, / , 17067) [sic.] Former North Lodge (Former Head Gardener s Cottage), Plane Tree Drive, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, / , 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13669, 17067) [sic.] Museum of Economic Botany, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10843, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, / , 13669, 17067) [sic.] Frome Road/Park 11A 1116

21 Karrawirra/Park 12 Kadlitpinna/Rundle/Park 13 Mullawirraburka/Rymill/Park 14 Ityamaiitpinna/Park 15 Bakkabakkandi/Park 16 Tuttangga/Park 17 Wita Wirra/Park 18 Pityarrilla/Park 19 Kurrangga/Park 20 Walyo Yerta/Park 21 Minno Wirra/Park 21W Wikaparndo Wirra/Park 22 Wirranendi/Park 23 Tambawodli/Park 24 Narnungga/Park 25 Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 Tulya Wodli/Park 27 Albert Bridge over River Torrens (Metal Girder) /84, 5707/712, 5754/510 Adelaide Bridge over the River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri (Concrete Arch), King William Road /6035, /1728 Memorial of G.F. and J.H. Angas, Angas Gardens, King William Road /84 Women s War Memorial Gardens and Cross of Sacrifice and Stone Remembrance, Pennington Garden, King William /712 Road Pioneer Women s Memorial Garden /84 The University of Adelaide Footbridge (Metal Arch), Park Lands /84, 5707/712 Torrens Training Depot and Parade Ground, King William Road /151 Grandstand, Victoria Park Racecourse, Fullarton Road /712 West Terrace Cemetery Catholic (Smyth Memorial) Chapel, West Terrace /140 West Terrace Cemetery, West Terrace see also /140 Adelaide High School, West Terrace /686 Elder Park Rotunda, King William Road /712 Adelaide Bridge over the River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri (Concrete Arch), King William Road /6035, /1728 Memorial to Captain Sir Ross Smith, Creswell Gardens, King William Road /84 Statue of Hercules, Pennington Gardens West /84 Scoreboard, Adelaide Oval, Park Lands see also The George Giffen, Sir Edwin Smith & Mostyn Evan /85 Grandstands The George Giffen, Sir Edwin Smith & Mostyn Evan Grandstands, Adelaide Oval, Park Lands - see also /85 Scoreboard Light s Vision & Memorial to Colonel William Light, Montefiore Hill /84 *Adelaide Festival Centre (including Sculpture Plaza), King William Road n/s 5895/158 Torrens Weir (Weir No 1) /85, 5452/84 Railway Bridge over River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri (Metal Truss), Park Lands /

22 North Adelaide Railway Station, War Memorial Drive /361-2, 5373/132, 5260/214 Wye Signal Cabin, Adelaide Railway Station Yard, Park Lands /14 Former Powder Magazine & surrounding wall, Park Lands /141 Thebarton Police (originally mounted police) Barracks Complex /392 Former Adelaide Gaol, Gaol Road, Park Lands /336 Pangki Pangki/Palmer Gardens/Park 28 Tandotittinga/Brougham Gardens/Park 29 Hindmarsh Square Hurtle Square Light Square Colonel William Light s Grave and Monument, Light Square /244 North Terrace Adelaide Railway Station, North Terrace n/s 5853/305 Old Parliament House, North Terrace n/s 5754/434 Parliament House, North Terrace n/s 5758/143 South African War Memorial, Corner North Terrace and King William Road n/s 0000/0000 Government House, North Terrace n/s 5760/637 *Statue of Venus and Pedestal n/s 0000/0000 War Memorial, Corner Kintore Avenue and North Terrace n/s 5754/511 Art Gallery of South Australia, North Terrace n/s 5759/863 Barr Smith Library, University of Adelaide, Off North Terrace n/s 5847/187 Bonython Hall, University of Adelaide, North Terrace n/s 5847/187 Bragg Laboratories, University of Adelaide, Off North Terrace n/s 5696/851 Brookman Building, University of South Australia, North Terrace n/s 5251/900 Elder Hall, University of Adelaide, Off North Terrace n/s 5686/768 Fence and Mitchell gates, University of Adelaide, Victoria Drive and Frome Road n/s 5251/ / /187 [sic.] Former Institute Building, Corner North Terrace and Kintore Avenue n/s 5759/861 Former Mounted Police Barracks, Armoury and Arch, Off North Terrace n/s 5759/681 Hartley Building, University of South Australia [sic.], Kintore Avenue n/s 5696/851 Jervois Wing State Library, North Terrace n/s 5759/861 *Memorial to His Majesty King Edward VII n/s 0000/0000 Mitchell Building, University of Adelaide, North Terrace n/s 5685/769 Remains of former Destitute Asylum (Chapel, Store, Lying-in-Hospital and Female Section), Kintore Avenue n/s 1619/15 South Australian Historical Museum, Off North Terrace n/s 5759/863 South Australian Museum, East Wing, North Terrace n/s 5759/681 South Australian Museum, North Wing, North Terrace n/s 5759/681 The Margaret Graham Nurses Home, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Frome Road n/s 5852/785 Tarndanyangga/Victoria Square Wellington Square Whitmore Square Note: * Places initially listed on the Register of City of Adelaide Heritage Items Source: State Heritage Register; City of Adelaide Development Plan (Consolidated - 17 May 2007 version), pp , Maps Adel/ n/s = not stated 1118

23 During the course of this Assessment Study (2007) several places were identified as possessing state level heritage merit and values. These assessments are identified in the Assessment sections per Park Land block and Square, having regard to the provisions of the state Heritage Places Act Accordingly, the following places and trees are recommended for inclusion as a State Heritage Place or as a State Heritage Area under the Heritage Places Act 1993 (Note: Existing registrations are included in italics, and the same listing nomenclature used in each Assessment section per Park Land and Square is used in the below table for cross-referencing). In terms of the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares generally: Park/Address Description of Place Section 16, Heritage Places Act 1993 Adelaide Park Lands & Squares generally Adelaide Park Land & Squares: as legally defined within the Adelaide Park Lands Act 2005, as encompassed within the scope set out in the adopted Register of National Estate registration being Place ID: , Place File No. 3/03/001/0279; specifically excluded is all land between these major public streets, and all buildings, structures and plantings within the City of Adelaide unless as included within the Adelaide Park Lands Act 2005; and, in addition to and separate from the following existing identified and or recommended places, those buildings/structures, features, sites, objects, trees/vegetation proposed and recommended for specific registration as set out below The Adelaide Park Lands and Squares, Section 16 (a) possess and demonstrate the evolution, advancement and patterns of growth in the colony/state in terms of emigration, cultural assimilation, surveying, recreation, landscape design, town planning, stormwater management and watercourse care, cultural celebration and curatorship; (b) possess many places, vistas, buildings, statues, gardens, landscapes, trees, features that individually and collectively possess rare, uncommon and or endangered qualities; (e) possess and demonstrate high values of scientific, creative, aesthetic, design, and technical endeavour, accomplishment and expression; (f) possess and demonstrate high cultural and spiritual associations with Kaurna, Aboriginal and post-settlement peoples linked to numerous places, historical events, ritual and symbolic places, and places that harbour significant cultural meanings; (g) possess and demonstrate high merit and associations with numerous cultural leaders of the Kaurna community, general community and colonial/state governmental sectors, and in particular reflect the aspirations and landscape design and management agendas of successive colonial/state Public Works Department Superintendent s, and successive Corporation of City of Adelaide Mayors/Lord Mayors, Town Clerks, and City Gardeners 1119

24 In terms of the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares, specifically: Park/Address Description of Place File # Certificate of Title Section 16, Heritage Places Act 1993 Piltawoldi/Park 1 Piltawodli State Historic Area including The Location precinct, Colonial Store and Iron Store locations, and all 16 (a) (c) (f) (g) associated mature/elderly Pepper Trees (Schinus aeria var molle), Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) and Hill s Weeping Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii) specimens. War Memorial Drive State Historic Area (Piltawodli/Park 1, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26, Karrawirra/Park 12, Tainmundilla/Park 11, Warnpangga/Park 10, Tulya Wodli/Park 27) including the Drive alignment, a curtiledge 10m from the existing bitumen camber, all signage, street trees, identified Vistas associated thereto including extant specimens of Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), English Oak (Quercus robur), Lemon-scented Gums (Corymbia citriodora), Camphor Trees (Cinnamomum camphora), Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), River Red Gum (Eucalptus camaldulensis), Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) specimens generally and as specifically recorded in the respective Park Assessment inventories 16 (a) (d) (f) (g) Padipadinyilla/Park 2 Kandarilla/Park 3 Kangattilla/Park 4 Ngampa Yerta/Park 5 Nanto Womma/Park 6 Kuntingga/Park 7 Barnguttilla/Park 8 Tidlangga/Park 9 Warnpangga/Park 10 Tainmundilla/Park 11 Bush Magic Play Park 16 (e) Mann Terrace [Olive (Olea europaea) Plantations] /84 Mann Terrace [Olive (Olea europaea) Plantations] /84 War Memorial Drive State Historic Area (Piltawodli/Park 1, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26, Karrawirra/Park 12, 16 (a) (d) (f) (g) Tainmundilla/Park 11, Warnpangga/Park 10, Tulya Wodli/Park 27) including the Drive alignment, a curtiledge 10m from the existing bitumen camber, all signage, street trees, identified Vistas associated thereto including extant specimens of Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), English Oak (Quercus robur), Lemon-scented Gums (Corymbia citriodora), Camphor Trees (Cinnamomum camphora), Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), River Red Gum (Eucalptus camaldulensis), Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) specimens generally and as specifically recorded in the respective Park Assessment inventories Lower North Adelaide War Memorial including garden curtiledge, plaque, structures, sign 16 (a) University of Adelaide Grandstand 16 (a) (f) Albert Bridge over River Torrens (Metal Girder) /84, 5707/712, 5754/510 East Lodge A (Former Part of Lunatic Asylum), Botanic Road, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, 12349, / , 13644, 13645, [sic.] National Wine Centre of Australia Administration Building ( Yarrabee House ) (Former Lunatic Asylum Medica Officer s Residence), /650 Botanic Road [sic.] Main Gates and Walling, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13649, 13650, 13651, 14527, (general file) /623 Head Keeper s Cottage, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13648, 13649, 13650, 13651, (general file) /623 Rotunda, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13648, 13650, 13651, (general file) /623 Elephant House, Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13648, 13649, 13651, (general file) /623 Office (Former Director s Residence), Frome Road, Adelaide Zoo see also 13647, 13648, 13650, 13651, (general file) /623 Former Municipal Tramways Trust (Mtt) Hackney Tram (Later Bus) Depot, including the Goodman Building & Tram Barn (Now Plant Biodiversity Centre), Hackney Road, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13645, 13669, [sic.] /

25 Frome Road/Park 11A Karrawirra/Park 12 Main North Terrace Gates, North Terrace, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13645, 13669, 17067) Stone Wall Along Botanic Road, Botanic Road, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13645, 13669) Palm House Conservatory, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13645, , 17067) [sic.] Morgue (Former Lunatic Asylum Dead House), Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, 12349, 13643, 13644, 13645, 13669, 17067) [sic.] Simpson Kiosk, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10640, 10843, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13644, 13645, 13669, 17067) [sic.] Rose Garden Fountain, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10640, 10842, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13669, 17067) [sic.] Former North Lodge (Former Head Gardener s Cottage), Plane Tree Drive, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10642, 10843, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13669, 17067) [sic.] Museum of Economic Botany, Park Lands, Adelaide Botanic Garden (see also 10843, 10850, 12349, 13641, 13643, 13644, 13669, 17067) [sic.] War Memorial Drive State Historic Area (Piltawodli/Park 1, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26, Karrawirra/Park 12, Tainmundilla/Park 11, Warnpangga/Park 10, Tulya Wodli/Park 27) including the Drive alignment, a curtiledge 10m from the existing bitumen camber, all signage, street trees, identified Vistas associated thereto including extant specimens of Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), English Oak (Quercus robur), Lemon-scented Gums (Corymbia citriodora), Camphor Trees (Cinnamomum camphora), Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), River Red Gum (Eucalptus camaldulensis), Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) specimens generally and as specifically recorded in the respective Park Assessment inventories / / / / / / / /650 Albert Bridge over River Torrens (Metal Girder) /84, 5707/712, 5754/510 Adelaide Bridge over the River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri (Concrete Arch), King William Road /6035, /1728 Memorial of G.F. and J.H. Angas, Angas Gardens, King William Road /84 Women s War Memorial Gardens and Cross of Sacrifice and Stone Remembrance, Pennington Garden, King William Road /712 Pioneer Women s Memorial Garden /84 The University of Adelaide Footbridge (Metal Arch), Park Lands /84, 5707/712 Torrens Training Depot and Parade Ground, King William Road /151 War Memorial Drive State Historic Area (Piltawodli/Park 1, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26, Karrawirra/Park 12, Tainmundilla/Park 11, Warnpangga/Park 10, Tulya Wodli/Park 27) including the Drive alignment, a curtiledge 10m from the existing bitumen camber, all signage, street trees, identified Vistas associated thereto including extant specimens of Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), English Oak (Quercus robur), Lemon-scented Gums (Corymbia citriodora), Camphor Trees (Cinnamomum camphora), Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), River Red Gum (Eucalptus camaldulensis), Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) specimens generally and as specifically recorded in the respective Park Assessment inventories King William Road Corridor & Gardens State Heritage Area (Karrawirra/Park 12, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 & North Terrace) including the assemblage of: Pennington Gardens West (including all Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) trees in a cluster to the west of the Garden, the adjacent White Cedar (Melia azedarach var australisca) pedestrian avenue, all mature palm (Arecastanum ssp., Phoenix ssp., Jubaea ssp., Washingtonia ssp., Trachycarpus ssp.,, English Oak (Quercus robur), English Elm (Ulmus procera), Olive (Olea europaea), Kaffir Apple (Dovyalis caffra) hedging, Banana (Musa acuminata) specimens) and heritage merit identified statuary including the Sundial, Hercules and Jack Reedman statues and pedestals, Pennington Gardens East (including the Women s War Memorial Garden, Cross of Sacrifice, Memorial Garden, and associated trees and pathways); Creswell Gardens (including War Memorial Oak (Quercus robur) tree), Fountain, Signage, Olive (Olea europaea) trees; Angas Gardens (including the Angas Memorial, Garden and associated trees and pathways); King William Road streetscape (from the junction of King William Road and Pennington Terrace to the junction of King William Road with North Terrace and including the South African War Statue and associated pedestrian pathways and English Elm (Ulmus procera) and Oriental Plane (Platanus orientalis) street trees, and including main north-south corridor and immediate east-west vistas); Elder Park (including views from King William Road westwards, Elder Bandstand, open expanse of lawns down to Lake Torrens, Gardener Memorial, palms (Phoenix ssp), English Elm (Ulmus procera) specimens); 16 (a) (d) (f) (g) 16 (a) (d) (f) (g) 16 (a) (c) (d) (f) (g) 1121

26 Oval Road; Adelaide Bridge (including abutments, light pylons and plaques); Torrens Parade Ground (including Hall, parade ground, fencings, London Plane Trees (Platanus x acerifolius), Cotton Palms (Washingtonia robusta), Date Palms (Phoenix dactylifera) and other palm specimens); Victoria Drive Police Station; Pioneer Women s Memorial Garden (including statue, plaques, seats, Holm Oaks (Quercus ilex), Italian Poplars (Populus nigra Italica ), Italian Cypresses (Cupressus sempervirens); Pathway of Honour, memorial plaques and plinths, seating, bitumen expanse of the Ground and the associated building); and, including all trees (generally and specifically identified in the respective Park Assessment inventories), statues, flower beds and gardens, pathways, road channels and kerbs, road curtilages, nature strip tree plantings, period light standards, general landscape contoured ground surfaces, and the larger visual corridor along King William Road to the Cathedral and the city edge North Adelaide Gardens State Heritage Area comprising Palmer Gardens, Brougham Gardens and Roberts Place 16 (d) (f) Reserve, including all adjacent roadways, guttering and kerbing of merit, vegetation, pathways and pathway systems, garden beds, bollards, seating, vistas, signage, and general spatial arrangements as extant. University of Adelaide Pavilion 16 (c) (d) (g) George V Memorial 16 (d) (e) Kadlitpinna/Rundle/Park 13 Mullawirraburka/Rymill/Park 14 Ityamaiitpinna/Park 15 Bakkabakkandi/Park 16 Tuttangga/Park 17 Wita Wirra/Park 18 Pityarrilla/Park 19 Kurrangga/Park 20 Walyo Yerta/Park 21 Minno Wirra/Park 21W Wikaparndo Wirra/Park 22 Wirranendi/Park 23 Grandstand, Victoria Park Racecourse, Fullarton Road /712 Arbor Day Site & Woodland 16 (a) (c) (g) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Dragon s Blood Tree (Dracena draco) specimen 16 (b) (d) (e) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla) (2) specimen 16 (b) (e) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Bunya Bunya Pine (Araucaria bidwillii) (1) specimen 16 (b) (e) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Bunya Bunya Pine (Araucaria bidwillii) (2) specimen 16 (b) (e) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens North Western Entrance Pavilion 16 (b) (d) Victoria Park Racecourse Gardens Food Stand 16 (b) (d) English Elm (Ulmus procera) Carriage Drive, including drive, trees and vistas 16 (b) (d) (e) Tuttangga Benchmark 16 (b) (d) (e) Glover Playground Shelter and Opening Plaque 16 (a) (d) (g) South Park Bowling Club First World War Memorial 16 (d) (e) Pan 16 (e) Wattle Grove and Wattle Grove War Memorial 16 (a) (d) (g) Brazilian Pepper Tree (Schinus terebinthifoius) specimen 16 (b) West Terrace Cemetery Catholic (Smyth Memorial) Chapel, West Terrace /140 West Terrace Cemetery, West Terrace see also /

27 Tambawodli/Park 24 Narnungga/Park 25 Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 Adelaide High School, West Terrace /686 Emigration Square Pepper Tree (Schinus aeria var molle) specimen 16 (a) (c) SA Water Thebarton Depot Ombu (Phytolaccia diocia) specimens 16 (b) SA Water Thebarton Depot Old Office 16 (d) Elder Park Rotunda, King William Road /712 Adelaide Bridge over the River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri (Concrete Arch), King William Road /6035, /1728 including all plaques Memorial to Captain Sir Ross Smith, Creswell Gardens, King William Road, /84 including pedestal and plaques Statue of Hercules, Pennington Gardens West /84 including pedestal and plaques Scoreboard, Adelaide Oval, Park Lands see also The George Giffen, Sir Edwin Smith & Mostyn Evan Grandstands /85 The George Giffen, Sir Edwin Smith & Mostyn Evan Grandstands, Adelaide Oval, Park Lands - see also Scoreboard /85 Light s Vision & Memorial to Colonel William Light, Montefiore Hill, /84 16 (a) (d) (e) (f) (g) including plaza space, paving, balustrading, Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), White Poplars (Populus alba), all plaques, Paragon lamp standards, plaques attached to the Colonel Light Statue, and a vista cone reaching approximately 2000m outwards from the Colonel Light Statue that includes a band of vista from the statue over the Adelaide Oval complex. *Adelaide Festival Centre (including Sculpture Plaza), King William Road n/s 5895/158 War Memorial Drive State Historic Area (Piltawodli/Park 1, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26, Karrawirra/Park 12, 16 (a) (d) (f) (g) Tainmundilla/Park 11, Warnpangga/Park 10, Tulya Wodli/Park 27) including the Drive alignment, a curtiledge 10m from the existing bitumen camber, all signage, street trees, identified Vistas associated thereto including extant specimens of Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), English Oak (Quercus robur), Lemon-scented Gums (Corymbia citriodora), Camphor Trees (Cinnamomum camphora), Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), River Red Gum (Eucalptus camaldulensis), Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) specimens generally and as specifically recorded in the respective Park Assessment inventories King William Road Corridor & Gardens State Heritage Area (Karrawirra/Park 12, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 & North Terrace) including the assemblage of: Pennington Gardens West (including all Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) trees in a cluster to the west of the Garden, the adjacent White Cedar (Melia azedarach var australisca) pedestrian avenue, all mature palm (Arecastanum ssp., Phoenix ssp., Jubaea ssp., Washingtonia ssp., Trachycarpus ssp.,, English Oak (Quercus robur), English Elm (Ulmus procera), Olive (Olea europaea), Kaffir Apple (Dovyalis caffra) hedging, Banana (Musa acuminata) specimens) and heritage merit identified statuary including the Sundial, Hercules and Jack Reedman statues and pedestals, Pennington Gardens East (including the Women s War Memorial Garden, Cross of Sacrifice, Memorial Garden, and associated trees and pathways); Creswell Gardens (including War Memorial Oak (Quercus robur) tree), Fountain, Signage, Olive (Olea europaea) trees; Angas Gardens (including the Angas Memorial, Garden and associated trees and pathways); King William Road streetscape (from the junction of King William Road and Pennington Terrace to the junction of King William Road with North Terrace and including the South African War Statue and associated pedestrian pathways and English Elm (Ulmus procera) and Oriental Plane (Platanus orientalis) street trees, and including main north-south corridor and immediate east-west vistas); Elder Park (including views from King William Road westwards, Elder Bandstand, open expanse of lawns down to Lake Torrens, Gardener Memorial, palms (Phoenix ssp), English Elm (Ulmus procera) specimens); Oval Road; Adelaide Bridge (including abutments, light pylons and plaques); Torrens Parade Ground (including Hall, parade ground, fencings, London Plane Trees (Platanus x acerifolius), Cotton Palms (Washingtonia robusta), Date Palms (Phoenix dactylifera) and other palm specimens); Victoria Drive Police Station; Pioneer Women s Memorial Garden (including statue, plaques, seats, Holm Oaks (Quercus ilex), Italian Poplars (Populus nigra Italica ), Italian Cypresses (Cupressus sempervirens); Pathway of Honour, memorial plaques and plinths, seating, bitumen expanse of the Ground and the associated building); and, including all trees (generally and specifically identified in the respective Park Assessment inventories), statues, flower beds and gardens, pathways, road channels and kerbs, road curtilages, nature strip tree plantings, period light 16 (a) (c) (d) (f) (g) 1123

28 Tulya Wodli/Park 27 Palmer Gardens/ Pangki Pangki/Park 28 Brougham Gardens/ Tandotittinga/Park 29 Hindmarsh Square Hurtle Square Light Square North Terrace standards, general landscape contoured ground surfaces, and the larger visual corridor along King William Road to the Cathedral and the city edge War Memorial Oak (Quercus robur) specimen and associated plaque 16 (a) (b) (g) Adelaide Oval Leasehold, including all Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Rusty Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), Small-leaved Figs (Ficus platypoda), Pepper Trees (Schinus aeria var molle) including the Duke & Duchess of Cornwall & York Tree Plaques (2 + 2), stands (including and as above existing registration), steps, gates, Victor Richardson Gates (including plaques, friezes), turnstyles, Grounds Curator s Cottage, Scoreboard (as above existing registration), fencing alignments, buildings, spaces, mounds, plaques, signage, seating, outbuildings, as listed in the inventory within the Leasehold as possessing High (H) or (M) Medium level cultural heritage merit. 16 (a) (b) (d) (f) (g) Torrens Weir (Weir No 1), /85, 5452/84 including all associated cast iron railings and opening plaques Railway Bridge over River Torrens/Karrawirra Parri (Metal Truss), Park Lands /0000 North Adelaide Railway Station, War Memorial Drive, including all station buildings, outbuildings and signal housing /361-2, 5373/132, 5260/214 Wye Signal Cabin, Adelaide Railway Station Yard, Park Lands /14 Former Powder Magazine & surrounding wall, Park Lands, /141 including all associated mature trees Thebarton Police (originally mounted police) Barracks Complex /392 Former Adelaide Gaol, Gaol Road, Park Lands, Including associated grounds, former residence grounds, and mature trees /336 Piltawodli State Historic Area including The Location precinct, Colonial Store and Iron Store locations, and all 16 (a) (c) (f) (g) associated mature/elderly Pepper Trees (Schinus aeria var molle), Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa) and Hill s Weeping Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii) specimens. War Memorial Drive State Historic Area (Piltawodli/Park 1, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26, Karrawirra/Park 12, 16 (a) (d) (f) (g) Tainmundilla/Park 11, Warnpangga/Park 10, Tulya Wodli/Park 27) including the Drive alignment, a curtiledge 10m from the existing bitumen camber, all signage, street trees, identified Vistas associated thereto including extant specimens of Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla), Hill s Fig (Ficus microcarpa var hillii), Port Jackson Fig (Ficus rubiginosa), English Oak (Quercus robur), Lemon-scented Gums (Corymbia citriodora), Camphor Trees (Cinnamomum camphora), Holm Oak (Quercus ilex), River Red Gum (Eucalptus camaldulensis), Sugar Gum (Eucalyptus cladocalyx), Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) specimens generally and as specifically recorded in the respective Park Assessment inventories Tulya Wodli/Park 27 Olive (Olea europaea) Plantations, including Plantations A, B and C designations used in this 16 (a) (d) (g) Assessment Study (2007) including associated roadside plantations and hedges along Slaughterhouse Road and Adelaide Gaol Road Teichelmann s Cottage Pepper Tree (Schinus aerira var molle) specimen (1) 16 (c) (g) Teichelmann s Cottage Pepper Tree (Schinus aerira var molle) specimen (2 16 (c) (g) Thebarton Council Ward Marker 16 (b) (e) North Adelaide Gardens State Heritage Area comprising Palmer Gardens, Brougham Gardens and Roberts Place Reserve, including all adjacent roadways, guttering and kerbing of merit, vegetation, pathways and pathway systems, garden beds, bollards, seating, vistas, signage, and general spatial arrangements as extant. North Adelaide Gardens State Heritage Area comprising Palmer Gardens, Brougham Gardens and Roberts Place Reserve, including all adjacent roadways, guttering and kerbing of merit, vegetation, pathways and pathway systems, garden beds, bollards, seating, vistas, signage, and general spatial arrangements as extant. Colonel William Light s Grave and Monument, Light Square including associated plaques and fountain /244 Adelaide Railway Station, North Terrace n/s 5853/305 Old Parliament House, North Terrace n/s 5754/ (d) (f) 16 (d) (f) 1124

29 and that this registration include: the space occupied by the buildings together with associated, freestanding and affixed memorials, lamp standards, plaques, and walling components Parliament House, North Terrace n/s 5758/143 and that this registration include: the space occupied by the buildings together with associated, freestanding and affixed memorials, lamp standards, plaques, and walling components South African War Memorial, Corner North Terrace and King William Road n/s 0000/0000 Government House, North Terrace n/s 5760/637 and that this registration include: Walling components *Statue of Venus and Pedestal n/s 0000/0000 War Memorial, Corner Kintore Avenue and North Terrace n/s 5754/511 and that this registration include: the space, war memorials, trees, lamp standards, garden bedding design, timber posts, plaques, walling, pathways, plantings, and the open vista from North Terrace roadway to the memorial Art Gallery of South Australia, North Terrace n/s 5759/863 and that this registration include: Walling components Barr Smith Library, University of Adelaide, Off North Terrace n/s 5847/187 Bonython Hall, University of Adelaide, North Terrace n/s 5847/187 Bragg Laboratories, University of Adelaide, Off North Terrace n/s 5696/851 Brookman Building, University of South Australia, North Terrace n/s 5251/900 and that this registration include: Walling components Elder Hall, University of Adelaide, Off North Terrace n/s 5686/768 and that this registration include: Goodman Crescent Walling components Fence and Mitchell gates, University of Adelaide, Victoria Drive and Frome Road n/s 5251/ / /187 [sic.] Former Institute Building, Corner North Terrace and Kintore Avenue n/s 5759/861 Former Mounted Police Barracks, Armoury and Arch, Off North Terrace n/s 5759/681 Hartley Building, University of South Australia [sic.], Kintore Avenue n/s 5696/851 Jervois Wing State Library, North Terrace n/s 5759/861 and that this registration include: Robert Burns ( ) statue, plaques and boot scraper components *Memorial to His Majesty King Edward VII n/s 0000/0000 Mitchell Building, University of Adelaide, North Terrace n/s 5685/769 and that this registration include: Sir Walter Watson Hughes statue components Remains of former Destitute Asylum (Chapel, Store, Lying-in-Hospital and Female Section), Kintore Avenue n/s 1619/15 South Australian Historical Museum, Off North Terrace n/s 5759/863 South Australian Museum, East Wing, North Terrace n/s 5759/681 and that this registration include: Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and petrified tree components South Australian Museum, North Wing, North Terrace n/s 5759/681 The Margaret Graham Nurses Home, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Frome Road n/s 5852/785 King William Road Corridor & Gardens State Heritage Area (Karrawirra/Park 12, Tarndanya Womma/Park 26 & North Terrace) including the assemblage of: Pennington Gardens West (including all Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) trees in a cluster to the west of the Garden and the adjacent White Cedar (Melia azedarach var australisca) pedestrian avenue); Pennington Gardens East (including the Women s War Memorial Garden, Cross of Sacrifice, Memorial Garden, and associated trees and pathways); Creswell Gardens (including War Memorial Oak (Quercus robur) tree); Angas Gardens (including the Angas Memorial, Garden and associated trees and pathways); King William Road streetscape (from the junction of King William Road and Pennington Terrace to the junction of King William Road with North Terrace and including the South African War Statue and associated pedestrian pathways and English Elm (Ulmus procera) and Oriental Plane (Platanus orientalis) street trees, and including main 16 (a) (c) (d) (f) (g) 1125

30 Tarndanyangga/Victoria Square Wellington Square Whitmore Square north-south corridor and immediate east-west vistas); Elder Park (including views from King William Road westwards, Elder Bandstand, open expanse of lawns down to Lake Torrens, Gardener Memorial); Oval Road; Adelaide Bridge (including abutments, light pylons and plaques); Torrens Parade Ground (including Hall, parade ground, fencings, London Plane Trees (Platanus x acerifolius), Cotton Palms (Washingtonia robusta), Date Palms (Phoenix dactylifera) and other palm specimens); Victoria Drive Police Station; Pioneer Women s Memorial Garden (including statue, plaques, seats, Holm Oaks (Quercus ilex), Italian Poplars (Populus nigra Italica ), Italian Cypresses (Cupressus sempervirens); Pathway of Honour, memorial plaques and plinths, seating, bitumen expanse of the Ground and the associated building); and, including all trees (generally and specifically identified in the respective Park Assessment inventories), statues, flower beds and gardens, pathways, road channels and kerbs, road curtilages, nature strip tree plantings, period light standards, general landscape contoured ground surfaces, and the larger visual corridor along King William Road to the Cathedral and the city edge Prince Henry Gardens State Heritage Area including the assemblage of: the space, statuary, English Elm (Ulmus procera) trees, lamp standards, garden hooping, timber posts, toilet, plaques, walling, pathways, and plantings Frome Road Corridor [London Plane (Platanus x acerifolius) and English Elm (Ulmus procera) corridor from North 16 (b) (d) (e) Terrace to Victoria Drive] Sir Samuel Way statue 16 (e) Queen Victoria Statue 16 (a) (e) (g) John McDouall Stuart Statue 16 (a) (e) (g) Captain Charles Sturt Statue 16 (a) (e) (g) Charles Cameron Kingston Statue 16 (a) (e) (g) Tarndanyangga/Victoria Square Benchmark 16 (a) (b) (e) Wellington Square State Heritage Area, including perimeter road system together with guttering and kerbing of merit, 16 (a) (d) (f) pedestrian pathway systems, vegetation, bollards, vistas, signage, lighting, and seating. Sandarack Tree (Tetraclinus articulata) specimen 16 (b) 1126

31 6.4 NATIONAL HERITAGE SIGNIFICANCE The question of heritage registration of whole or part of the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares has been subject to considerable community and governmental discourse over recent years. More recently it culminated in the nomination and acceptance of registration of the Adelaide Plan and its framework under the Register of the National Estate under the now defunct Australian Heritage Commission Act 1975 ( Following from this registration two separate applications have been lodged with the incoming Australian Heritage Council, established under the Australian Heritage Council Act 2003, for the inclusion of the Adelaide Plan and its Park Land framework to be included for registration on the National Heritage List and concurrent consideration of these nominations is pending by the Council (# and #105825). The Council is linked in purpose and role to the wider national umbrella legislation set out in the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act Accordingly, it is appropriate, given the scope and terms of reference of this consultancy, to consider the position of the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares within the existing National Heritage criteria, and to draw recommendations. At the outset it is important to understand that there are marked distinctions between the intent and criterion used by the former Australian Heritage Commission to that used by the current Australian Heritage Council. While both focus upon cultural and natural heritage of place, the former sought to identify, assess and register places that principally demonstrated evidence and the physical manifestations of heritage. Thus, a bridge, a park land, a sporting venue like Adelaide Oval, or a building or structure can be registered. In contrast, the Council and its criterion seeks to identify, assess and register places that demonstrate cultural and or natural heritage values and not specifically the physical manifestations of heritage ( Thus, heritage values are principally important. For example, the registration of a sporting venue for its celebration and continuity of sport heritage as distinct from its surrounding architectural or built form heritage is possible as demonstrated in the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) registration ( The Ground was included because it demonstrated: This is in an important distinction. It demonstrates that the nature of the former Register of the National Estate registration, that is for the Adelaide Plan and its spatial structure, was recognised principally for its spatial configuration and not for the physical roadways, buildings, trees, etc., within the Plan, was consistent with what has been created under the new Commonwealth legislation, but that it was not specifically registered for its meaning, value to the town planning community, or its spirit as articulating the key surveying and spatial agenda of South Australia. Theoretically the Plan exists as a model for town planning that has national and international precedent merit, a Plan that articulates an unique spatial structure for the city that served as the archetypal surveying template for replication in South Australia and Northern Territory. There is considerable evidence to validate this assertion. But within the Plan exists a plethora of physical places that hold horticultural and botanical, design and architectural, social and cultural, recreational, spiritual and indigenous histories, values, meanings and expressions. So, there is more than one layer of cultural narrative extant in the place and while it is easy to default to the importance of the town planning symbolism of what Colonel William Light reputedly designed and surveyed, we must be mindful that there are other narratives, meanings, and spatial and or physical manifestations also extant in the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares of varying international, national, state and local cultural heritage merit. In terms of the National Heritage List some 70 places are currently included on the List ( Of these, only 2 are located in South Australia the old and new Parliament House assemblage (#105710) and the Ediacaran Fauna Fossil Site (#105880). Two nominations have also been lodged which pertain to the Adelaide Park Lands and Squares (# and #105825). The Parliament House s registration ( was based upon Australian Heritage Council Act 2003 criterion (a) because: (a) the place has outstanding heritage value to the nation because of the place's importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia's natural or cultural history The following is the complete citation for the South Australian Old and New Parliament House complex: (a) the place has outstanding heritage value to the nation because of the place's importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia's natural or cultural history. (g) the place has outstanding heritage value to the nation because of the place's strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons. (h) the place has outstanding heritage value to the nation because of the place's special association with the life or works of a person, or group of persons, of importance in Australia's natural or cultural history. Thus, the buildings that spatially define and signify the MCG as a place are not of paramount national importance but rather the role, continuity of role, the human events and celebrations that occurred in the place are of national importance; thus values. This is an important distinction that considers both tangible and intangible heritage, and mirrors the philosophical intent and criterion embedded in the World Heritage List criterion as administered by ICOMOS under UNESCO. Thus, the meaning and spirit and intent of place can be better captured in a registration and not just be constrained by the necessity of having physical (evidence) forms and spaces to articulate that heritage merit. 1127

32 South Australian Old and New Parliament Houses, North Tce, Adelaide, SA, Australia Photographs: List: National Heritage List Class: Historic Legal Status: Listed place (26/01/2006) Place ID: Place File No: 3/03/001/0049 Summary Statement of Significance: The South Australian Old and New Parliament Houses are significant for their association with the enfranchisement of men and women in the nineteenth century. Full adult manhood suffrage, notably including Aboriginal men, was first granted in an Australian colony in South Australia in 1856, and this may have been the first time this voting right was granted anywhere in the world. The first elections using a fully secret ballot were also held here the following year. Women, again notably including Aboriginal women, were given the vote in 1894 in South Australia, and at the same time were allowed to stand for parliament. South Australia was the first Australian colony, and one of the first jurisdictions worldwide, to give women the vote. It was the first jurisdiction in the world to allow women to stand for parliament. The rights granted in South Australia were subsequently introduced in the other Australian colonies/states (however, it was many years before Aboriginal enfranchisement issues were resolved). South Australia strongly influenced the granting of voting and standing rights to women in federal elections in Official Values: Criteria Values A Events, Processes The South Australian Old and New Parliament House is strongly associated with the enfranchisement of men and women in the nineteenth century. Full adult manhood suffrage, notably including Aboriginal men, was first granted in an Australian colony here in South Australia in 1856, and this may have been the first time this voting right was granted anywhere in the world. The secret ballot was also first introduced in South Australia the same year. Women, again notably including Aboriginal women, were given the vote in 1894 in South Australia, and at the same time were allowed to stand for parliament. South Australia was the first Australian colony, and one of the first jurisdictions worldwide, to give women the vote. It was the first jurisdiction in the world to allow women to stand for parliament. The rights granted in South Australia were subsequently introduced in the other Australian colonies/states (however, it was many years before Aboriginal enfranchisement issues were resolved). South Australia strongly influenced the granting of voting and standing rights to women in federal elections in Description: Old Parliament House is a two storey building constructed of rubble stone. The main type of stone is limestone (quarried very close by) but sandstone was also used in some of the extensions. There are brick quoins and dressings. The contrast between the red brick and white limestone is a feature. A particularly distinctive feature is the curvilinear Dutch gables. The style was called Elizabethan at the time the building was erected in the mid 1850s and is now called Victorian Tudor; the gables are suggestive also of the Federation Anglo-Dutch style, which of course was four or five decades later. On the ground floor there are semi-circular archways, balanced on the first floor by semi-circular window openings. There is a band of decoration setting off the upper floor from the ground floor. Finials decorate the gables, there is a bracketed cornice below the roofline, and a low parapet running along the edge of the roof. The slate roof features tall chimneys and a fleche. Contained within the building are remnant brick walls from the original 1843 Legislative Council building. New Parliament House is a major work of civic architecture. Of impressive massing and two storeys, it is designed in the Victorian Academic Classical style. The building is built of Kapunda marble (cladding an internal brick structure), and West Island granite is used for the basement level. The façade features a prominent colonnade of ten Corinthian columns, capped by an entablature and balustraded parapet. More columns are to either side, and pilasters also feature. A major stairway leads up to the colonnade and there are smaller stairways elsewhere. Even on the plainer north façade there is an elegant balcony to the first floor. Ground floor windows are square-headed, while those to the upper floor are round-arched; fluted columns are incorporated into the window surrounds. Keystones on the front windows feature carvings of past Governors, and some Speakers of the House of Assembly and Presidents of the Legislative Council. The interior features marble staircases and marbletiled corridors. The House of Assembly Chamber has a gilded and panelled ceiling and fittings that include walnut benches and tables. There are also fluted pillars. The carpet has a South Australian motif of grapes, sheaves and wattle, and Sturt Desert Pea is featured on the carpet border. There are various galleries. The Legislative Council Chamber is of the same dimensions as the House of Assembly, and is surrounded on three sides by galleries at ground floor level, and on four sides at first floor level. The Council Chamber also features polished Queensland maple. The building contains portraits and/or busts of former Premiers of South Australia, Presidents of the Legislative Council, Speakers of the House of Assembly, the first and second governors of South Australia, the explorer Edward John Eyre, and Sir J.Langdon Bonython. There are portraits of women Members of Parliament. Other objects located in Parliament House of significance for South Australia are the Vice Regal Throne/President s Chair in use since 1855 and made of English Oak, the Black Rod of the Legislative Council and the Mace of the House of Assembly. The front façade of the House of Assembly features the Lion Rampant, which is carved stonework from the Palace of Westminster, a gift from the United Kingdom Branch of the Empire Parliamentary Association to mark the completion of Parliament House in The building also contains a library which dates from the nineteenth century. Objects located in the South Australian Parliament House which are also of significance for the national story of female suffrage are the Women s Suffrage Petition of 1894 and the tapestry commemorating women s suffrage. New Parliament House is located on one of Adelaide s major intersections (North Terrace and King William Street) and is a major civic landmark with a very strong presence. Old Parliament House, through its distinctive styling, contributes to the streetscape of North Terrace. 1128